PHPerKaigi 2024

lcg_value

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

lcg_valueCombined linear congruential generator

Description

lcg_value(): float

lcg_value() returns a pseudo random number in the range of (0, 1). The function combines two CGs with periods of 2^31 - 85 and 2^31 - 249. The period of this function is equal to the product of both primes.

Caution

This function does not generate cryptographically secure values, and must not be used for cryptographic purposes, or purposes that require returned values to be unguessable.

If cryptographically secure randomness is required, the Random\Randomizer may be used with the Random\Engine\Secure engine. For simple use cases, the random_int() and random_bytes() functions provide a convenient and secure API that is backed by the operating system’s CSPRNG.

Caution

Scaling the return value to a different interval using multiplication or addition (a so-called affine transformation) might result in a bias in the resulting value as floats are not equally dense across the number line. As not all values can be exactly represented by a float, the result of the affine transformation might also result in values outside of the requested interval.

Use Random\Randomizer::getFloat() to generate a random float within an arbitrary interval. Use Random\Randomizer::getInt() to generate a random integer within an arbitrary interval.

Parameters

This function has no parameters.

Return Values

A pseudo random float value between 0.0 and 1.0, inclusive.

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
16
rok kralj gmail com
16 years ago
An elegant way to return random float between two numbers:

<?php
function random_float ($min,$max) {
return (
$min+lcg_value()*(abs($max-$min)));
}
?>
up
15
daniel dot baulig at gmx dot de
14 years ago
Choose your weapon:
<?php
function mt_randf($min, $max)
{
return
$min + abs($max - $min) * mt_rand(0, mt_getrandmax())/mt_getrandmax();
}
function
lcg_randf($min, $max)
{
return
$min + lcg_value() * abs($max - $min);
}
function
randf($min, $max)
{
return
$min + rand(0,getrandmax()) / getrandmax() * abs($max - $min);
}
?>
up
-36
Linndows
7 years ago
I think best example...
<?php
$x
=0;
while(
$x<=5){
$x++;
echo
lcg_value()+$x."\n"; }
echo
lcg_value()+$x-(2*lcg_value()); echo "\n";
?>
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