apache_request_headers

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

apache_request_headersすべての HTTP リクエストヘッダを取得する

説明

apache_request_headers ( void ) : array

現在のリクエストにおけるすべての HTTP リクエストヘッダを取得します。

返り値

現在のリクエストにおけるすべての HTTP ヘッダの連想配列、 あるいは失敗時は FALSE を返します。

変更履歴

バージョン 説明
7.3.0 FPM SAPI でもこの関数が使えるようになりました。
5.5.7 CLI サーバーでもこの関数が使えるようになりました。
5.4.0 この関数は、FastCGI で使用可能になりました。 以前は、PHP が Apache モジュールあるいは Netscape/iPlanet/SunONE の NSAPI サーバーモジュール としてインストールされた時だけサポートされました。

例1 apache_request_headers() の例

<?php
$headers 
apache_request_headers();

foreach (
$headers as $header => $value) {
    echo 
"$header$value <br />\n";
}
?>

上の例の出力は、 たとえば以下のようになります。

Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en-us
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0
Host: www.example.com
Connection: Keep-Alive

注意

注意:

環境変数を読み込むことにより、共通の CGI 変数の値を取得することも可能です。 これは、PHPがApacheモジュール として使用されているかどうかにはよらず動作します。 利用可能な環境変数 の一覧を見るには、phpinfo()を使用してください。

参考

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
13
limalopex.eisfux.de
13 years ago
I didn't found a replacement for apache_request_headers() in PHP::Compat (http://pear.php.net/package/PHP_Compat) so I wrote my own:

<?php
if( !function_exists('apache_request_headers') ) {
///
function apache_request_headers() {
 
$arh = array();
 
$rx_http = '/\AHTTP_/';
  foreach(
$_SERVER as $key => $val) {
    if(
preg_match($rx_http, $key) ) {
     
$arh_key = preg_replace($rx_http, '', $key);
     
$rx_matches = array();
     
// do some nasty string manipulations to restore the original letter case
      // this should work in most cases
     
$rx_matches = explode('_', $arh_key);
      if(
count($rx_matches) > 0 and strlen($arh_key) > 2 ) {
        foreach(
$rx_matches as $ak_key => $ak_val) $rx_matches[$ak_key] = ucfirst($ak_val);
       
$arh_key = implode('-', $rx_matches);
      }
     
$arh[$arh_key] = $val;
    }
  }
  return(
$arh );
}
///
}
///
?>
up
8
egocentryk
4 years ago
Superglobal $_SERVER,  used in all patches for missing getallheaders() contains only truly basic headers.  To pass ANY header into PHP in any httpd environment, including CGI/FCGI just add rule (any number of rules) into .htaccess:

RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_MY_HEADER:%{HTTP:My-Header}]

and the header with it's value will appear for PHP as
<?php print $_SERVER['HTTP_MY_HEADER']; ?>

And... just couldn't hold off. Rewrtiting $_SERVER keys for replacing missing function really does not require RegExps, preg_matches or evals... Try this:
<?php
function getallheaders() {
  foreach(
$_SERVER as $K=>$V){$a=explode('_' ,$K);
      if(
array_shift($a)=='HTTP'){
          
array_walk($a,function(&$v){$v=ucfirst(strtolower($v));});
      
$retval[join('-',$a)]=$V;}
    } return
$retval; }
?>
up
11
callum85 at notspam dot msn dot com
12 years ago
There is a simple way to get request headers from Apache even on PHP running as a CGI. As far as I know, it's the only way to get the headers "If-Modified-Since" and "If-None-Match" when apache_request_headers() isn't available. You need mod_rewrite, which most web hosts seem to have enabled. Put this in an .htacess file in your web root:

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE:%{HTTP:If-Modified-Since}]
RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH:%{HTTP:If-None-Match}]

The headers are then available in PHP as
<?php
  $_SERVER
['HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE'];
 
$_SERVER['HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH'];
?>

I've tested this on PHP/5.1.6, on both Apache/2.2.3/Win32 and Apache/2.0.54/Unix, and it works perfectly.

Note: if you use RewriteRules already for clean URLs, you need to put the above rules AFTER your existing ones.
up
1
Tel
2 months ago
Although we expect to see headers in mixed case, the standard RFC2616 demands that "field names are case-insensitive". PHP delivers the headers exactly untouched in whatever way the client sent them. Potentially you should expect to get any type of uppercase or lowercase or mixed.

Thus, if you want to be standards compliant, you must loop through every key and check it in a case-insensitive manner, instead of doing the obvious thing and using the name of the header as an array index.
up
-8
uli dot staerk at globalways dot net
4 years ago
A slightly modified version from  limalopex.eisfux.de. Fixes the missing Headers Content-Type and Content-Length and makes it Camel-Case.

<?php
if( !function_exists('apache_request_headers') ) {
        function
apache_request_headers() {
               
$arh = array();
               
$rx_http = '/\AHTTP_/';
                foreach(
$_SERVER as $key => $val) {
                        if(
preg_match($rx_http, $key) ) {
                               
$arh_key = preg_replace($rx_http, '', $key);
                               
$rx_matches = array();
                               
// do some nasty string manipulations to restore the original letter case
                                // this should work in most cases
                               
$rx_matches = explode('_', strtolower($arh_key));
                                if(
count($rx_matches) > 0 and strlen($arh_key) > 2 ) {
                                        foreach(
$rx_matches as $ak_key => $ak_val) $rx_matches[$ak_key] = ucfirst($ak_val);
                                       
$arh_key = implode('-', $rx_matches);
                                }
                               
$arh[$arh_key] = $val;
                        }
                }
                if(isset(
$_SERVER['CONTENT_TYPE'])) $arh['Content-Type'] = $_SERVER['CONTENT_TYPE'];
                if(isset(
$_SERVER['CONTENT_LENGTH'])) $arh['Content-Length'] = $_SERVER['CONTENT_LENGTH'];
                return(
$arh );
        }
}
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