ODBC and DB2 Functions (PDO_ODBC)


PDO_ODBC is a driver that implements the PHP Data Objects (PDO) interface to enable access from PHP to databases through ODBC drivers or through the IBM DB2 Call Level Interface (DB2 CLI) library. PDO_ODBC currently supports three different "flavours" of database drivers:


Supports access to IBM DB2 Universal Database, Cloudscape, and Apache Derby servers through the free DB2 express-C client.


Supports access to database servers through the unixODBC driver manager and the database's own ODBC drivers.


Offers a compile option for ODBC driver managers that are not explicitly supported by PDO_ODBC.

On Windows, php_pdo_odbc.dll has to be enabled as extension in php.ini. It is linked against the Windows ODBC Driver Manager so that PHP can connect to any database cataloged as a System DSN.


PDO_ODBC on UNIX systems
  1. PDO_ODBC is included in the PHP source. You can compile the PDO_ODBC extension as either a static or shared module using the following configure commands.


    ./configure --with-pdo-odbc=ibm-db2,/opt/IBM/db2/V8.1/
    To build PDO_ODBC with the ibm-db2 flavour, you have to have previously installed the DB2 application development headers on the same machine on which you are compiling PDO_ODBC. The DB2 application development headers are an installable option in the DB2 servers, and are also available as part of the DB2 Application Development Client freely available for download from the IBM developerWorks » website.

    If you do not supply a location for the DB2 libraries and headers to the configure command, PDO_ODBC defaults to /home/db2inst1/sqllib.


    ./configure --with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC,/usr/local
    If you do not supply a location for the unixODBC libraries and headers to the configure command, PDO_ODBC defaults to /usr/local.

    ./configure --with-pdo-odbc=generic,/usr/local,libname,ldflags,cflags

Constantes pré-definidas

As constantes abaixo são definidas por este driver e só estarão disponíveis quando a extensão tiver sido compilada no PHP ou tiver sido carregada dinamicamente em tempo de execução. Além disso, estas constantes específicas do driver só devem ser usadas se este driver estiver sendo usado. Usar atributos específicos de um driver com outro driver pode resultar em comportamento inesperado. PDO::getAttribute() pode ser usada para obter o atributo PDO::ATTR_DRIVER_NAME para verificar o driver, se o código puder ser executado com vários drivers.

PDO_ODBC_TYPE (string)


This option controls whether the ODBC cursor library is used. The ODBC cursor library supports some advanced ODBC features (e.g. block scrollable cursors), which may not be implemented by the driver. The following values are supported:

  • PDO::ODBC_SQL_USE_IF_NEEDED (the default): use the ODBC cursor library when needed.

  • PDO::ODBC_SQL_USE_DRIVER: never use the ODBC cursor library.

  • PDO::ODBC_SQL_USE_ODBC: always use the ODBC cursor library.


Windows only. If true, UTF-16 encoded character data (CHAR, VARCHAR and LONGVARCHAR) is converted to UTF-8 when reading from or writing data to the database. If false (the default), character encoding conversion may be done by the driver.

Configurações em Execução

O comportamento destas funções é afetado pelas configurações do php.ini.

PDO_ODBC Configuration Options
Nome Padrão Modificável Registro de Alterações
pdo_odbc.connection_pooling "strict" INI_ALL  
pdo_odbc.db2_instance_name NULL INI_SYSTEM Este recurso defasado certamente será removido no futuro.
Para mais detalhes e definições dos modos INI_*, consulte os Onde uma configuração deve ser definida.

Aqui está uma breve explicação das diretivas de configuração.

pdo_odbc.connection_pooling string

Whether to pool ODBC connections. Can be one of "strict", "relaxed" or "off" (equals to ""). The parameter describes how strict the connection manager should be when matching connection parameters to existing pooled connections. strict is the recommend default, and will result in the use of cached connections only when all the connection parameters match exactly. relaxed will result in the use of cached connections when similar connection parameters are used. This can result in increased use of the cache, at the risk of bleeding connection information between (for example) virtual hosts.

This setting can only be changed from the php.ini file, and affects the entire process; any other modules loaded into the process that use the same ODBC libraries will be affected too, including the Unified ODBC extension.


relaxed matching should not be used on a shared server, for security reasons.


Leave this setting at the default strict setting unless you have good reason to change it.

pdo_odbc.db2_instance_name string

If you compile PDO_ODBC using the db2 flavour, this setting sets the value of the DB2INSTANCE environment variable on Linux and UNIX operating systems to the specified name of the DB2 instance. This enables PDO_ODBC to resolve the location of the DB2 libraries and make cataloged connections to DB2 databases.

This setting can only be changed from the php.ini file, and affects the entire process; any other modules loaded into the process that use the same ODBC libraries will be affected too, including the Unified ODBC extension.

This setting has no effect on Windows.


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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

14 years ago
If you want to avoid installing DB2 Connect and/or PECL modules ibm_db2 and PDO_IBM, you can also use IBM DB2 databases trough unixODBC.

If you have DB2 database on a i server you need to install IBM iAccess (http://www.ibm.com/systems/i/software/access/linux/index.html) and unixODBC. Just install the libraries (rpm) and modify configurations in /etc/odbcinst.ini (sample configuration in /opt/ibm/iSeriesAccess/unixodbcregistration) and /etc/odbc.ini.

To my experience this is much easier way than installing DB2 Connect.
8 years ago
I just spent a couple of hours trying to track down the Exception "Could not find driver". This was despite having ODBC and PDO_ODBC installed, and all of the configuration seemed to be correct.

Turned out the problem was that I used ODBC in upper-case in the dsn. As soon as I changed the dns to "odbc:database" it worked.

As this code used to work a few months ago, this sudden case-sensitivity threw me for a loop. So in case you get this error, check the casing first.
ethan dot nelson at ltd dot org
16 years ago
Using SQL 2005, PDO_ODBC and datetime fields is a royal pain. MSDN documentation on CAST CONVERT shows that there is supposed to be an implicit convert between character types and datetime types. That's true... until you put it in a stored procedure and use variable declarations.

For instance this fails:

declare @date varchar;
SET @date = '20080101';
SELECT cast(@date AS datetime) AS poo

While this succeeds:
declare @date varchar(19);
SET @date = '20080101';
SELECT cast(@date AS datetime) AS poo

The PDO Driver appears to attempt an implicit conversion and so it fails whenever you try to insert data into datetime column types.

So to workaround this nuance in SQL, declare a character column type with explicit width. Then your implicit type conversion will work.
Ariz Jacinto
12 years ago
Using SQL Server Native Client 11.0 on Linux as a PDO_ODBC driver:

Download the SQL Server Native Client 11.0 on Linux ODBC Driver:

Configuration ODBC:

[SQL Server Native Client 11.0]
Description = Microsoft SQL Server ODBC Driver V1.0 for Linux
Driver = /opt/microsoft/sqlncli/lib64/libsqlncli-11.0.so.1720.0
UsageCount = 1

Driver = SQL Server Native Client 11.0
Description = Sample Database
Trace = Yes
Server =
Port = 1433
Database =

Test the connection:
$username = "";
$password = "";
try {
$dbh = new PDO("odbc:MSSQLServer",
} catch (
PDOException $exception) {
harry dot forum at p-boss dot com
14 years ago
MSSQL - PHP on Apache - Linux Redhat

When using php 5.2.10 please beaware of this error:


Standard odbc_connect will not work, you must use pdo_odbc

Connecting to MSSQL using pdo odbc - walkthrough..

1. Download and configure FreeTDS with-unixodbc

./configure --prefix=/opt/SYSfreetds --with-unixodbc

make;make test; make install

2. install php-odbc and unixODBC


3. Setup ODBC links

Create a tds.driver file with the following contents

Description = v0.63 with protocol v8.0
Driver = /opt/SYSfreetds/lib/libtdsodbc.so

Register the ODBC driver - the tds.driver file

odbcinst -i -d -f tds.driver

Creating a tds.datasource file - ODBC Data Source with contents:

Description=Test MS SQL Database with FreeTDS
TDS Version=8.0

Register the ODBC data source

odbcinst -i -s -f tds.datasource

Beware that the odbc.ini file will be installed in the current users home directory. This may need to be used if you are using a webserver as the apache home directory could be different.

Ensure .odbc.ini is in apaches home directory, possibly "/var/www"

4. Test the ODBC link on the command line

isql -v SOURCENAME 'username' 'password'

| Connected! |
| |
| sql-statement |
| help [tablename] |
| quit |
| |

5. Edit /etc/php.ini

Make sure the following is set:
mssql.secure_connection = On

6. Restart apache gracefully

7. PHP to run:

$dbh= new PDO('odbc:SOURCENAME', 'username', 'password');
$stmt = $dbh->prepare("$query");
while ($row = $stmt->fetch()) {
unset($dbh); unset($stmt);


Please try strace/ truss if you encounter issues. It could be you are referencing wrong libraries somewhere.

Ensure you have restarted apache once the odbc files are in place
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