(PHP 7 >= 7.2.0, PHP 8)

sodium_crypto_pwhash_scryptsalsa208sha256Derives a key from a password, using scrypt


    int $length,
    #[\SensitiveParameter] string $password,
    string $salt,
    int $opslimit,
    int $memlimit
): string

This is the scrypt counterpart to sodium_crypto_pwhash().

A common reason to use this particular function is to derive the seeds for cryptographic keys from a password and salt, and then use these seeds to generate the actual keys needed for some purpose (e.g. sodium_crypto_sign_detached()).

Liste de paramètres


The length of the password hash to generate, in bytes.


The password to generate a hash for.


A salt to add to the password before hashing. The salt should be unpredictable, ideally generated from a good random number source such as random_bytes(), and have a length of at least SODIUM_CRYPTO_PWHASH_SCRYPTSALSA208SHA256_SALTBYTES bytes.


Represents a maximum amount of computations to perform. Raising this number will make the function require more CPU cycles to compute a key. There are some constants available to set the operations limit to appropriate values depending on intended use, in order of strength: SODIUM_CRYPTO_PWHASH_SCRYPTSALSA208SHA256_OPSLIMIT_INTERACTIVE and SODIUM_CRYPTO_PWHASH_SCRYPTSALSA208SHA256_OPSLIMIT_SENSITIVE.


The maximum amount of RAM that the function will use, in bytes. There are constants to help you choose an appropriate value, in order of size: SODIUM_CRYPTO_PWHASH_SCRYPTSALSA208SHA256_MEMLIMIT_INTERACTIVE and SODIUM_CRYPTO_PWHASH_SCRYPTSALSA208SHA256_MEMLIMIT_SENSITIVE. Typically these should be paired with the matching opslimit values.

Valeurs de retour

A string of bytes of the desired length.

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