unserialize

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

unserialize Creates a PHP value from a stored representation

Descrição

unserialize ( string $str [, array $options ] ) : mixed

unserialize() takes a single serialized variable and converts it back into a PHP value.

Aviso

Do not pass untrusted user input to unserialize() regardless of the options value of allowed_classes. Unserialization can result in code being loaded and executed due to object instantiation and autoloading, and a malicious user may be able to exploit this. Use a safe, standard data interchange format such as JSON (via json_decode() and json_encode()) if you need to pass serialized data to the user.

If you need to unserialize externally-stored serialized data, consider using hash_hmac() for data validation. Make sure data is not modified by anyone but you.

Parâmetros

str

The serialized string.

If the variable being unserialized is an object, after successfully reconstructing the object PHP will automatically attempt to call the __unserialize() or __wakeup() methods (if one exists).

Nota: unserialize_callback_func directive

It's possible to set a callback-function which will be called, if an undefined class should be instantiated during unserializing. (to prevent getting an incomplete object "__PHP_Incomplete_Class".) Use your php.ini, ini_set() or .htaccess to define unserialize_callback_func. Everytime an undefined class should be instantiated, it'll be called. To disable this feature just empty this setting.

options

Any options to be provided to unserialize(), as an associative array.

Valid options
Name Type Description
allowed_classes mixed Either an array of class names which should be accepted, FALSE to accept no classes, or TRUE to accept all classes. If this option is defined and unserialize() encounters an object of a class that isn't to be accepted, then the object will be instantiated as __PHP_Incomplete_Class instead. Omitting this option is the same as defining it as TRUE: PHP will attempt to instantiate objects of any class.

Valor Retornado

The converted value is returned, and can be a boolean, integer, float, string, array or object.

In case the passed string is not unserializeable, FALSE is returned and E_NOTICE is issued.

Changelog

Versão Descrição
7.1.0 The allowed_classes element of options) is now strictly typed, i.e. if anything other than an array or a boolean is given, unserialize() returns FALSE and issues an E_WARNING.
7.0.0 The options parameter has been added.
5.6.0 Manipulating the serialised data by replacing C: with O: to force object instantiation without calling the constructor will now fail.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 unserialize() example

<?php
// Here, we use unserialize() to load session data to the
// $session_data array from the string selected from a database.
// This example complements the one described with serialize().

$conn odbc_connect("webdb""php""chicken");
$stmt odbc_prepare($conn"SELECT data FROM sessions WHERE id = ?");
$sqldata = array($_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_USER']);
if (!
odbc_execute($stmt$sqldata) || !odbc_fetch_into($stmt$tmp)) {
    
// if the execute or fetch fails, initialize to empty array
    
$session_data = array();
} else {
    
// we should now have the serialized data in $tmp[0].
    
$session_data unserialize($tmp[0]);
    if (!
is_array($session_data)) {
        
// something went wrong, initialize to empty array
        
$session_data = array();
    }
}
?>

Exemplo #2 unserialize_callback_func example

<?php
$serialized_object
='O:1:"a":1:{s:5:"value";s:3:"100";}';

ini_set('unserialize_callback_func''mycallback'); // set your callback_function

function mycallback($classname
{
    
// just include a file containing your class definition
    // you get $classname to figure out which class definition is required
}
?>

Notas

Aviso

FALSE is returned both in the case of an error and if unserializing the serialized FALSE value. It is possible to catch this special case by comparing str with serialize(false) or by catching the issued E_NOTICE.

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