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ReflectionProperty::setValue

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

ReflectionProperty::setValueSet property value

Beschreibung

public ReflectionProperty::setValue(object $object, mixed $value): void
public ReflectionProperty::setValue(mixed $value): void

Sets (changes) the property's value.

Hinweis: As of PHP 8.3.0, calling this method with a single argument is deprecated, use ReflectionClass::setStaticPropertyValue() instead.

Parameter-Liste

object

If the property is non-static an object must be provided to change the property on. If the property is static a value of null must be to be provided.

value

The new value.

Rückgabewerte

Es wird kein Wert zurückgegeben.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
8.3.0 Calling this method with a single argument is deprecated, ReflectionClass::setStaticPropertyValue() should be used instead to modify static properties.
8.1.0 Private and protected properties can be accessed by ReflectionProperty::setValue() right away. Previously, they needed to be made accessible by calling ReflectionProperty::setAccessible(); otherwise a ReflectionException was thrown.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 ReflectionProperty::setValue() example

<?php
class Foo {
public static
$staticProperty;

public
$property;
protected
$privateProperty;
}

$reflectionClass = new ReflectionClass('Foo');

// As of PHP 8.3, setValue should no longer be used to set static property value, use setStaticPropertyValue() instead
$reflectionClass->setStaticPropertyValue('staticProperty', 'foo');
var_dump(Foo::$staticProperty);

$foo = new Foo;

$reflectionClass->getProperty('property')->setValue($foo, 'bar');
var_dump($foo->property);

$reflectionProperty = $reflectionClass->getProperty('privateProperty');
$reflectionProperty->setAccessible(true); // only required prior to PHP 8.1.0
$reflectionProperty->setValue($foo, 'foobar');
var_dump($reflectionProperty->getValue($foo));
?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

string(3) "foo"
string(3) "bar"
string(6) "foobar"

Siehe auch

add a note

User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
2
me at ircmaxell dot om
12 years ago
You can use ReflectionProperty::setValue to set the value on static properties as well as regular instance properties. Simply pass null in place of the instance:

<?php
class Foo {
protected static
$bar = null;
public static function
sayBar() {
echo
self::$bar;
}
}

$r = new ReflectionProperty('Foo', 'bar');
$r->setAccessible(true);
$r->setValue(null, 'foo');

Foo::sayBar(); // "foo"
?>
up
2
p stewart imperial ac uk
1 year ago
setValue can be used for readonly properties, but only if the property has not yet been initialised:

<?php

class Person
{
private readonly
int $age;
public function
__construct(array $props = []) {
if (isset(
$props['age'])) {
$this->age = (int)$props['age'];
}
}
}

$personWithKnownAge = new Person(['age' => 50]);

$reflection = new ReflectionProperty($personWithKnownAge, 'age');
$reflection->setValue($personWithKnownAge, 10); // Fails - Age is already initialised, value cannot be changed.

$personWithUnknownAge = new Person();

$reflection = new ReflectionProperty($personWithUnknownAge, 'age');
$reflection->setValue($personWithUnknownAge, 10); // Succeeeds - Age is not yet initialised, value can be set.
?>

This can be useful for situations where it is desirable to initialise properties from outside of the defining class, for example an ORM setup where the parent class is responsible for setting properties on a model subclass instance.
up
-1
temirkhan.nasukhov
1 year ago
Keep in mind that setValue won't work for readonly properties.

<?php

class Person
{
public function
__construct(private readonly int $age) {}
}

$someOldPerson = new Person(80);

$reflection = new ReflectionProperty($someOldPerson, 'age');
$reflection->setValue($someOldPerson, 10); // Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Cannot modify readonly property Person::$age
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