PHPerKaigi 2024

pg_connection_busy

(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

pg_connection_busy 获取连接是否繁忙

说明

pg_connection_busy(PgSql\Connection $connection): bool

pg_connection_busy() 确定连接是否繁忙。如果繁忙,则之前的查询仍在执行。如果在连接上使用 pg_get_result(),将被阻塞。

参数

connection

PgSql\Connection 实例。

返回值

如果连接繁忙返回 true,否则返回 false

更新日志

版本 说明
8.1.0 现在 connection 参数接受 PgSql\Connection 实例,之前接受 resource

示例

示例 #1 pg_connection_busy() 示例

<?php
$dbconn
= pg_connect("dbname=publisher") or die("Could not connect");
$bs = pg_connection_busy($dbconn);
if (
$bs) {
echo
'connection is busy';
} else {
echo
'connection is not busy';
}
?>

参见

add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
2
levi at alliancesoftware dot com dot au
14 years ago
pg_connection_busy() returning true does not necessarily mean that there are results waiting for pg_get_result(); it also stays true for some time after a query that causes any sort of postgres error. (See http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=36469)
up
1
VLroyrenn
4 years ago
There doesn't seem to be any documented way of using this function here, and I'm sore most people trying this are going to default to using a busy loop if there is nothing else to do while waiting (in which case pg_get_result would be better, since it just blocks until a result is ready) or a sleep loop if trying to cancel the query after a certain time.

The C documentation for libPq reccomends using PQisBusy (the C equivalent of pg_connection_busy) by waiting on a socket instead, which lets you timeout if the state doesn't change after a certain period but immediately react if it changes. If you want to cancel after a timeout, you would have something like this :

<?php
class SomeKindOfTimeoutException extends Exception { }

class
SomeKindOfSQLErrorException extends Exception { }

function
query_with_timeout($conn, $query, $timeout_seconds) {
assert(pg_get_result($conn) === false); // Ensure that nothing is running

$socket = [pg_socket($conn)];
$null = [];

$dispatch_ok = pg_send_query($conn, $query);

$still_running = pg_connection_busy($conn);

while(
$still_running) {
// https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/libpq-async.html
// "A typical application using these functions will have a main loop that uses select() or poll() to wait for all the conditions that it must respond to."
// "One of the conditions will be input available from the server, which in terms of select() means readable data on the file descriptor identified by PQsocket."
// PQisBusy is mapped to pg_connection_busy
stream_select($socket, $null, $null, $timeout_seconds); // Will wait on that socket until that happens or the timeout is reached
$still_running = pg_connection_busy($conn); // False on timeout, true if complete

// You could keep polling like that, this just breaks and throws immediately on first loop
if ($still_running) {
$cancel_ok = pg_cancel_query($conn);
throw new
SomeKindOfTimeoutException("TIMEOUT");
}
}

$res = pg_get_result($conn);

try {
$error_msg = pg_result_error($res);
if (
$error_msg) throw new SomeKindOfSQLErrorException($error_msg);

return
pg_fetch_all($res);
} finally {
pg_free_result($res);
}
}

$conn_string = "host=localhost port=5433 dbname=postgres";
$db = pg_connect($conn_string);

query_with_timeout($db, "SELECT pg_sleep(10)", 3); // Will throw
?>
To Top