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(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

pg_field_type Devuelve el nombre de tipo para el número de campo correspondiente


pg_field_type ( resource $result , int $field_number ) : string

pg_field_type() Devuelve un string que contiene el nombre del tipo base para el field_number en el resultado de consulta result dado de PostgreSQL.


Si el campo utiliza un dominio PostgreSQL (en lugar de un tipo básico), es el nombre del tipo subyacente del dominio el que se devuelve, en lugar del nombre del propio dominio.


Esta función solía llamarse pg_fieldtype().



Resultado de consulta de PostgreSQL, devuelto por pg_query(), pg_query_params() o pg_execute() (entre otros).


Número de campo, a partir de 0.

Valores devueltos

Un string que contiene el nombre base del tipo del campo, o FALSE En caso de Fallo.


Ejemplo #1 Obtención de información sobre los campos

pg_connect("dbname=publisher") or die("Could not connect");

// Assume 'title' is a varchar type
$res pg_query($dbconn"select title from authors where author = 'Orwell'");

"Campo title de tipo: "pg_field_type($res0);

El resultado del ejemplo sería:

Title field type: varchar

Ver también

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

Joshua Burns
7 years ago
Here is an updated list of nearly every PostgreSQL data type, and PHP's internal C-type equivalent, updated for PostgreSQL 9.2. The first array maps PHP's internal data type to PostgreSQL's equivalents. The second maps PostgreSQL's data-types to PHP's equivalents.


= array(
'bit' => array('bit'),
'bool' => array('boolean'),
'box' => array('box'),
'bpchar' => array('character','char'),
'bytea' => array('bytea'),
'cidr' => array('cidr'),
'circle' => array('circle'),
'date' => array('date'),
'daterange' => array('daterange'),
'float4' => array('real'),
'float8' => array('double precision'),
'inet' => array('inet'),
'int2' => array('smallint', 'smallserial'),
'int4' => array('integer', 'serial'),
'int4range' => array('int4range'),
'int8' => array('bigint', 'bigserial'),
'int8range' => array('int8range'),
'interval' => array('interval'),
'json' => array('json'),
'lseg' => array('lseg'),
'macaddr' => array('macaddr'),
'money' => array('money'),
'numeric' => array('decimal', 'numeric'),
'numrange' => array('numrange'),
'path' => array('path'),
'point' => array('point'),
'polygon' => array('polygon'),
'text' => array('text'),
'time' => array('time', 'time without time zone'),
'timestamp' => array('timestamp', 'timestamp without time zone'),
'timestamptz' => array('timestamp with time zone'),
'timetz' => array('time with time zone'),
'tsquery' => array('tsquery'),
'tsrange' => array('tsrange'),
'tsvector' => array('tsvector'),
'uuid' => array('uuid'),
'varbit' => array('bit varying'),
'varchar' => array('character varying', 'varchar'),
'xml' => array('xml'),

$pg_to_php = array(
'bit' => 'bit',
'boolean' => 'bool',
'box' => 'box',
'character' => 'bpchar',
'char' => 'bpchar',
'bytea' => 'bytea',
'cidr' => 'cidr',
'circle' => 'circle',
'date' => 'date',
'daterange' => 'daterange',
'real' => 'float4',
'double precision' => 'float8',
'inet' => 'inet',
'smallint' => 'int2',
'smallserial' => 'int2',
'integer' => 'int4',
'serial' => 'int4',
'int4range' => 'int4range',
'bigint' => 'int8',
'bigserial' => 'int8',
'int8range' => 'int8range',
'interval' => 'interval',
'json' => 'json',
'lseg' => 'lseg',
'macaddr' => 'macaddr',
'money' => 'money',
'decimal' => 'numeric',
'numeric' => 'numeric',
'numrange' => 'numrange',
'path' => 'path',
'point' => 'point',
'polygon' => 'polygon',
'text' => 'text',
'time' => 'time',
'time without time zone' => 'time',
'timestamp' => 'timestamp',
'timestamp without time zone' => 'timestamp',
'timestamp with time zone' => 'timestamptz',
'time with time zone' => 'timetz',
'tsquery' => 'tsquery',
'tsrange' => 'tsrange',
'tstzrange' => 'tstzrange',
'tsvector' => 'tsvector',
'uuid' => 'uuid',
'bit varying' => 'varbit',
'character varying' => 'varchar',
'varchar' => 'varchar',
'xml' => 'xml'

11 years ago
Also be aware that postgreSQL array fields will prefix the type name with an underscore (e.g. "_int4" or "_text"), while composite a.k.a. row-type fields will return type "record".
15 years ago
Because complete documentation is always helpful, here are all the PostgreSQL general purpose types as they are listed in the 8.1 documentation, and each corresponding string returned by pg_field_type().

bigint => int8
bigserial => int8
bit => bit
bit varying => varbit
boolean => bool
box => box
bytea => bytea
character varying => varchar
character => bpchar
cidr => cidr
circle => circle
date => date
double precision => float8
inet => inet
integer => int4
interval => interval
line => line
lseg => lseg
macaddr => macaddr
money => money
numeric => numeric
path => path
point => point
polygon => polygon
real => float4
smallint => int2
serial => int4
text => text
time => time
time with time zone => timetz
timestamp => timestamp
timestamp with time zone => timestamptz

And for the record... (note the 7.4 client lib)
# postmaster --version
postmaster (PostgreSQL) 8.0.4

# ldd libphp4.so
libpq.so.3 => /usr/lib/libpq.so.3 (0xb7ac8000)
andy at a 2 h d dot com
17 years ago
The types returned are:
  int2 (smallint)
  int8 (bigint)
  float4 (real / float)
  float8 (double)
  bpchar (fixed leng string, 'blank padded char')
  inet (ip address)

There are some other more esoteric types, e.g. 'circle', but these are the most common.
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