CascadiaPHP 2024

socket_shutdown

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

socket_shutdown受信、送信、または送受信用のソケットをシャットダウンする

説明

socket_shutdown(Socket $socket, int $mode = 2): bool

socket_shutdown() 関数は、socket から送られてくる受信、送信あるいはすべて(デフォルト)のデータを停止します。

注意:

関連するバッファの内容は、空になるかもしれないしならないかもしれません。

パラメータ

socket

socket_create() で作成した Socket クラスのインスタンス。

mode

mode の値は以下のうちのひとつです。

mode のとりうる値
0 ソケットの読み込みを停止します。
1 ソケットの書き込みを停止します。
2 ソケットの読み込み・書き込みを停止します。

戻り値

成功した場合に true を、失敗した場合に false を返します。

変更履歴

バージョン 説明
8.0.0 socket は、Socket クラスのインスタンスになりました。 これより前のバージョンでは、リソース型でした。
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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
4
ludvig dot ericson at gmail dot com
18 years ago
Sockets should be first shutdown and then closed.
<?php
// Sample: Closing sockets gracefully
socket_shutdown($sock, 2);
socket_close($sock);
?>
up
2
Anonymous
1 year ago
Shutting down is a formality two peers can do before closing their connections. It's not required, but it can help assert your I/O procedures, so it's useful.

If writing is shut down, trying to send will result in a pipe error, and the remote peer will read an empty string after receiving all other pending data.

If reading is shut down, trying to receive will return an empty string, and the remote peer will get a pipe error if they try to send.

Writing should be shut down first between two peers. Remaining data should then be read and handled. If anything is sent at this point it should be a "goodbye" (nothing that requires the remote peer to write back to you). Finally, reading can be shut down.

Selection on a shut down channel will always succeed. Similarly, the remote peer will always succeed at selecting the opposite channel.
up
2
renmengyang567 at gmail dot com
5 years ago
<explain>
In this case, the TCP client is gracefully disconnected from the server

<?php

define
('BUF_SIZE',10);

// create for tcp
$sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, getprotobyname('tcp'));
socket_bind($sock, '127.0.0.1',5200);
socket_listen($sock,1024);
$fp = fopen('./socket_shutdown.php','rb');
$clnt_sock = socket_accept($sock);

while(!
feof($fp)) {
$str = fread($fp,BUF_SIZE);
socket_write($clnt_sock,$str,BUF_SIZE);
}

$eof = "\n";
socket_write($clnt_sock,$eof,strlen($eof));

//disconnect output stream(断开输入流)
socket_shutdown($clnt_sock,1);
$ret = socket_read($clnt_sock, 100);
printf("Message from client:%s\n",$ret);
socket_close($clnt_sock);
socket_close($sock);
?>

<?php
// for tcp-client
$clnt_sock = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, getprotobyname('tcp'));
socket_connect($clnt_sock, '127.0.0.1', 5200);
while ((
$cnt= @socket_read($clnt_sock, 10,PHP_NORMAL_READ)) !==false) {
file_put_contents('./receive.data',$cnt,FILE_APPEND);
}
print
"receive file data".PHP_EOL;
socket_write($clnt_sock, "Tank you");
socket_close($clnt_sock);
?>
up
1
richard dot thomas at psysolutions dot com
18 years ago
That is not a good example of a graceful shutdown. One should close the sending side of the socket and continue to read until the remote end closes its sending connection.
up
-2
recycling dot sp dot am at gmail dot com
13 years ago
Shutdown and SOL_TCP:
<?php
$a
= socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
socket_shutdown($a, 2)
?>
PHP Warning: socket_shutdown(): unable to shutdown socket [107]: Transport endpoint is not connected

Shutdown and SOL_UDP:
<?php
$a
= socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_UDP);
socket_shutdown($a, 2)
?>
PHP Warning: socket_shutdown(): unable to shutdown socket [107]: Transport endpoint is not connected

Conclusion: if you are not actually connected, shutdown will fails with socket_error = 107, Transport endpoint is not connected. This is true for both TPC and UDP connection (which is suprising, UDP being a connectionless protocol). This is true no matter the value set for the how parameter.
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