International PHP Conference Munich 2021


(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

gmp_gcdextCalculate GCD and multipliers


gmp_gcdext(GMP|int|string $num1, GMP|int|string $num2): array

Calculates g, s, and t, such that a*s + b*t = g = gcd(a,b), where gcd is the greatest common divisor. Returns an array with respective elements g, s and t.

This function can be used to solve linear Diophantine equations in two variables. These are equations that allow only integer solutions and have the form: a*x + b*y = c. For more information, go to the » "Diophantine Equation" page at MathWorld



Bir GMP nesnesi, bir tamsayı veya sayısal bir dizge.


Bir GMP nesnesi, bir tamsayı veya sayısal bir dizge.

Dönen Değerler

An array of GMP numbers.


Örnek 1 Solving a linear Diophantine equation

// Solve the equation a*s + b*t = g
// where a = 12, b = 21, g = gcd(12, 21) = 3
$a gmp_init(12);
$b gmp_init(21);
$g gmp_gcd($a$b);
$r gmp_gcdext($a$b);

$check_gcd = (gmp_strval($g) == gmp_strval($r['g']));
$eq_res gmp_add(gmp_mul($a$r['s']), gmp_mul($b$r['t']));
$check_res = (gmp_strval($g) == gmp_strval($eq_res));

if (
$check_gcd && $check_res) {
$fmt "Solution: %d*%d + %d*%d = %d\n";
printf($fmtgmp_strval($a), gmp_strval($r['s']), gmp_strval($b),
gmp_strval($r['t']), gmp_strval($r['g']));
} else {
"Error while solving the equation\n";

// output: Solution: 12*2 + 21*-1 = 3

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

18 years ago
The extended GCD can be used to calculate mutual modular inverses of two
coprime numbers. Internally gmp_invert uses this extended GCD routine,
but effectively throws away one of the inverses.

If gcd(a,b)=1, then r.a+s.b=1
Therefore  r.a == 1 (mod s) and s.b == 1 (mod r)
Note that one of r and s will be negative, and so you'll want to
canonicalise it.
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