curl_getinfo

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

curl_getinfoGet information regarding a specific transfer

Description

curl_getinfo(CurlHandle $handle, ?int $option = null): mixed

Gets information about the last transfer.

Parameters

handle

A cURL handle returned by curl_init().

option

This may be one of the following constants:

Option Description
CURLINFO_CAINFO Default built-in CA certificate path
CURLINFO_CAPATH Default built-in CA path string
CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL Last effective URL
CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE The last response code. As of cURL 7.10.8, this is a legacy alias of CURLINFO_RESPONSE_CODE
CURLINFO_FILETIME Remote time of the retrieved document, with the CURLOPT_FILETIME enabled; if -1 is returned the time of the document is unknown
CURLINFO_TOTAL_TIME Total transaction time in seconds for last transfer
CURLINFO_NAMELOOKUP_TIME Time in seconds until name resolving was complete
CURLINFO_CONNECT_TIME Time in seconds it took to establish the connection
CURLINFO_PRETRANSFER_TIME Time in seconds from start until just before file transfer begins
CURLINFO_STARTTRANSFER_TIME Time in seconds until the first byte is about to be transferred
CURLINFO_REDIRECT_COUNT Number of redirects, with the CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION option enabled
CURLINFO_REDIRECT_TIME Time in seconds of all redirection steps before final transaction was started, with the CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION option enabled
CURLINFO_REDIRECT_URL With the CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION option disabled: redirect URL found in the last transaction, that should be requested manually next. With the CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION option enabled: this is empty. The redirect URL in this case is available in CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL
CURLINFO_PRIMARY_IP IP address of the most recent connection
CURLINFO_PRIMARY_PORT Destination port of the most recent connection
CURLINFO_LOCAL_IP Local (source) IP address of the most recent connection
CURLINFO_LOCAL_PORT Local (source) port of the most recent connection
CURLINFO_SIZE_UPLOAD Total number of bytes uploaded
CURLINFO_SIZE_DOWNLOAD Total number of bytes downloaded
CURLINFO_SPEED_DOWNLOAD Average download speed
CURLINFO_SPEED_UPLOAD Average upload speed
CURLINFO_HEADER_SIZE Total size of all headers received
CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT The request string sent. For this to work, add the CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT option to the handle by calling curl_setopt()
CURLINFO_REFERER The referrer header
CURLINFO_REQUEST_SIZE Total size of issued requests, currently only for HTTP requests
CURLINFO_RETRY_AFTER The information from the Retry-After: header, or zero if there was no valid header.
CURLINFO_SSL_VERIFYRESULT Result of SSL certification verification requested by setting CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER
CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_DOWNLOAD Content length of download, read from Content-Length: field
CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_UPLOAD Specified size of upload
CURLINFO_CONTENT_TYPE Content-Type: of the requested document. NULL indicates server did not send valid Content-Type: header
CURLINFO_PRIVATE Private data associated with this cURL handle, previously set with the CURLOPT_PRIVATE option of curl_setopt()
CURLINFO_PROXY_ERROR The detailed (SOCKS) proxy error code when the most recent transfer returned a CURLE_PROXY error. The returned value will be exactly one of the CURLPX_* values. The error code will be CURLPX_OK if no response code was available.
CURLINFO_RESPONSE_CODE The last response code
CURLINFO_HTTP_CONNECTCODE The CONNECT response code
CURLINFO_HTTPAUTH_AVAIL Bitmask indicating the authentication method(s) available according to the previous response
CURLINFO_PROXYAUTH_AVAIL Bitmask indicating the proxy authentication method(s) available according to the previous response
CURLINFO_OS_ERRNO Errno from a connect failure. The number is OS and system specific.
CURLINFO_NUM_CONNECTS Number of connections curl had to create to achieve the previous transfer
CURLINFO_SSL_ENGINES OpenSSL crypto-engines supported
CURLINFO_COOKIELIST All known cookies
CURLINFO_FTP_ENTRY_PATH Entry path in FTP server
CURLINFO_APPCONNECT_TIME Time in seconds it took from the start until the SSL/SSH connect/handshake to the remote host was completed
CURLINFO_CERTINFO TLS certificate chain
CURLINFO_CONDITION_UNMET Info on unmet time conditional
CURLINFO_RTSP_CLIENT_CSEQ Next RTSP client CSeq
CURLINFO_RTSP_CSEQ_RECV Recently received CSeq
CURLINFO_RTSP_SERVER_CSEQ Next RTSP server CSeq
CURLINFO_RTSP_SESSION_ID RTSP session ID
CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_DOWNLOAD_T The content-length of the download. This is the value read from the Content-Length: field. -1 if the size isn't known
CURLINFO_CONTENT_LENGTH_UPLOAD_T The specified size of the upload. -1 if the size isn't known
CURLINFO_HTTP_VERSION The version used in the last HTTP connection. The return value will be one of the defined CURL_HTTP_VERSION_* constants or 0 if the version can't be determined
CURLINFO_PROTOCOL The protocol used in the last HTTP connection. The returned value will be exactly one of the CURLPROTO_* values
CURLINFO_PROXY_SSL_VERIFYRESULT The result of the certificate verification that was requested (using the CURLOPT_PROXY_SSL_VERIFYPEER option). Only used for HTTPS proxies
CURLINFO_SCHEME The URL scheme used for the most recent connection
CURLINFO_SIZE_DOWNLOAD_T Total number of bytes that were downloaded. The number is only for the latest transfer and will be reset again for each new transfer
CURLINFO_SIZE_UPLOAD_T Total number of bytes that were uploaded
CURLINFO_SPEED_DOWNLOAD_T The average download speed in bytes/second that curl measured for the complete download
CURLINFO_SPEED_UPLOAD_T The average upload speed in bytes/second that curl measured for the complete upload
CURLINFO_APPCONNECT_TIME_T Time, in microseconds, it took from the start until the SSL/SSH connect/handshake to the remote host was completed
CURLINFO_CONNECT_TIME_T Total time taken, in microseconds, from the start until the connection to the remote host (or proxy) was completed
CURLINFO_FILETIME_T Remote time of the retrieved document (as Unix timestamp), an alternative to CURLINFO_FILETIME to allow systems with 32 bit long variables to extract dates outside of the 32bit timestamp range
CURLINFO_NAMELOOKUP_TIME_T Time in microseconds from the start until the name resolving was completed
CURLINFO_PRETRANSFER_TIME_T Time taken from the start until the file transfer is just about to begin, in microseconds
CURLINFO_REDIRECT_TIME_T Total time, in microseconds, it took for all redirection steps include name lookup, connect, pretransfer and transfer before final transaction was started
CURLINFO_STARTTRANSFER_TIME_T Time, in microseconds, it took from the start until the first byte is received
CURLINFO_TOTAL_TIME_T Total time in microseconds for the previous transfer, including name resolving, TCP connect etc.

Return Values

If option is given, returns its value. Otherwise, returns an associative array with the following elements (which correspond to option), or false on failure:

  • "url"
  • "content_type"
  • "http_code"
  • "header_size"
  • "request_size"
  • "filetime"
  • "ssl_verify_result"
  • "redirect_count"
  • "total_time"
  • "namelookup_time"
  • "connect_time"
  • "pretransfer_time"
  • "size_upload"
  • "size_download"
  • "speed_download"
  • "speed_upload"
  • "download_content_length"
  • "upload_content_length"
  • "starttransfer_time"
  • "redirect_time"
  • "certinfo"
  • "primary_ip"
  • "primary_port"
  • "local_ip"
  • "local_port"
  • "redirect_url"
  • "request_header" (This is only set if the CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT is set by a previous call to curl_setopt())
Note that private data is not included in the associative array and must be retrieved individually with the CURLINFO_PRIVATE option.

Examples

Example #1 curl_getinfo() example

<?php
// Create a cURL handle
$ch = curl_init('http://www.example.com/');

// Execute
curl_exec($ch);

// Check if any error occurred
if (!curl_errno($ch)) {
$info = curl_getinfo($ch);
echo
'Took ', $info['total_time'], ' seconds to send a request to ', $info['url'], "\n";
}

// Close handle
curl_close($ch);
?>

Example #2 curl_getinfo() example with option parameter

<?php
// Create a cURL handle
$ch = curl_init('http://www.example.com/');

// Execute
curl_exec($ch);

// Check HTTP status code
if (!curl_errno($ch)) {
switch (
$http_code = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE)) {
case
200: # OK
break;
default:
echo
'Unexpected HTTP code: ', $http_code, "\n";
}
}

// Close handle
curl_close($ch);
?>

Notes

Note:

Information gathered by this function is kept if the handle is re-used. This means that unless a statistic is overridden internally by this function, the previous info is returned.

add a note

User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
57
ssttoo at hotmail dot com
20 years ago
Here are the response codes ready for pasting in an ini-style file. Can be used to provide more descriptive message, corresponding to 'http_code' index of the arrray returned by curl_getinfo().
These are taken from the W3 consortium HTTP/1.1: Status Code Definitions, found at
http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec10.html

[Informational 1xx]
100="Continue"
101="Switching Protocols"

[Successful 2xx]
200="OK"
201="Created"
202="Accepted"
203="Non-Authoritative Information"
204="No Content"
205="Reset Content"
206="Partial Content"

[Redirection 3xx]
300="Multiple Choices"
301="Moved Permanently"
302="Found"
303="See Other"
304="Not Modified"
305="Use Proxy"
306="(Unused)"
307="Temporary Redirect"

[Client Error 4xx]
400="Bad Request"
401="Unauthorized"
402="Payment Required"
403="Forbidden"
404="Not Found"
405="Method Not Allowed"
406="Not Acceptable"
407="Proxy Authentication Required"
408="Request Timeout"
409="Conflict"
410="Gone"
411="Length Required"
412="Precondition Failed"
413="Request Entity Too Large"
414="Request-URI Too Long"
415="Unsupported Media Type"
416="Requested Range Not Satisfiable"
417="Expectation Failed"

[Server Error 5xx]
500="Internal Server Error"
501="Not Implemented"
502="Bad Gateway"
503="Service Unavailable"
504="Gateway Timeout"
505="HTTP Version Not Supported"

And an example usage:
<?php
$ch
= curl_init(); // create cURL handle (ch)
if (!$ch) {
die(
"Couldn't initialize a cURL handle");
}
// set some cURL options
$ret = curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://mail.yahoo.com");
$ret = curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
$ret = curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
$ret = curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 0);
$ret = curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);

// execute
$ret = curl_exec($ch);

if (empty(
$ret)) {
// some kind of an error happened
die(curl_error($ch));
curl_close($ch); // close cURL handler
} else {
$info = curl_getinfo($ch);
curl_close($ch); // close cURL handler

if (empty($info['http_code'])) {
die(
"No HTTP code was returned");
} else {
// load the HTTP codes
$http_codes = parse_ini_file("path/to/the/ini/file/I/pasted/above");

// echo results
echo "The server responded: <br />";
echo
$info['http_code'] . " " . $http_codes[$info['http_code']];
}

}
?>
up
22
vince
13 years ago
CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE does not return a string, as the docs say, but rather an integer.

<?php
$c
= curl_init('http://www.example.com/');
if(
curl_getinfo($c, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE) === '200') echo "CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE returns a string.";
if(
curl_getinfo($c, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE) === 200) echo "CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE returns an integer.";
curl_close($c);
?>

returns

"CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE returns an integer."
up
7
public-mail at alekciy dot ru
8 years ago
Note, header_size include "\r\n\r\n". So if you use CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION>0, CURLOPT_HEADER=true, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER=true right way splite header/body:

$response = curl_exec($ch);
$curl_info = curl_getinfo($ch);
curl_close($ch);
$header_size = $curl_info['header_size'];
$header = substr($response, 0, $header_size);
$body = substr($response, $header_size);
up
16
nikita dot bulatenko at gmail dot com
11 years ago
CURLINFO_SSL_VERIFYRESULT error codes:
0: ok the operation was successful.
2 : unable to get issuer certificate
3: unable to get certificate CRL
4: unable to decrypt certificate's signature
5: unable to decrypt CRL's signature
6: unable to decode issuer public key
7: certificate signature failure
8: CRL signature failure
9: certificate is not yet valid
10: certificate has expired
11: CRL is not yet valid
12:CRL has expired
13: format error in certificate's notBefore field
14: format error in certificate's notAfter field
15: format error in CRL's lastUpdate field
16: format error in CRL's nextUpdate field
17: out of memory
18: self signed certificate
19: self signed certificate in certificate chain
20: unable to get local issuer certificate
21:unable to verify the first certificate
22: certificate chain too long
23: certificate revoked
24: invalid CA certificate
25: path length constraint exceeded
26: unsupported certificate purpose
27: certificate not trusted
28: certificate rejected
29: subject issuer mismatch
30: authority and subject key identifier mismatch
31: authority and issuer serial number mismatch
32: key usage does not include certificate signing
50: application verification failure
details at http://www.openssl.org/docs/apps/verify.html#VERIFY_OPERATION
up
5
qrworld.net
9 years ago
Here you have a function that I use to get the content of a URL using cURL. This uses curl_getinfo to know if it is a regular URL or maybe a redirection.

I hope it would be useful for you:

function getUrlContent($url){
$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; .NET CLR 1.1.4322)');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 5);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 5);
$data = curl_exec($ch);
$httpcode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
curl_close($ch);
return ($httpcode>=200 && $httpcode<300) ? $data : false;
}

The source comes from this website:

http://softontherocks.blogspot.com/2014/11/descargar-el-contenido-de-una-url.html
up
7
nemetral
16 years ago
Just a quick note: if you want to use curl_getinfo() with option CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT in order to debug your cURL request, you must add curl_setopt($handle, CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT, true); first while specifying the options.
up
3
bg at enativ dot com
10 years ago
curl_getinfo($ch) will also return 'redirect_url' if there is one (even if CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION set to false).
I don't know why it's not in the doc..
up
2
Mark Evers
16 years ago
There is a constant missing from that list. CURLINFO_REDIRECT_COUNT will give you the number of redirects it went through if CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION was set.
up
0
pluk77 at gmail dot com
3 months ago
You can still get the SSL verification result using CURLINFO_SSL_VERIFYRESULT when setting CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER to FALSE.

Full list of result codes:

0: ok
1: unspecified certificate verification error
2: unable to get issuer certificate
3: unable to get certificate CRL
4: unable to decrypt certificate's signature
5: unable to decrypt CRL's signature
6: unable to decode issuer public key
7: certificate signature failure
8: CRL signature failure
9: certificate is not yet valid
10: certificate has expired
11: CRL is not yet valid
12: CRL has expired
13: format error in certificate's notBefore field
14: format error in certificate's notAfter field
15: format error in CRL's lastUpdate field
16: format error in CRL's nextUpdate field
17: out of memory
18: self-signed certificate
19: self-signed certificate in certificate chain
20: unable to get local issuer certificate
21: unable to verify the first certificate
22: certificate chain too long
23: certificate revoked
24: issuer certificate doesn't have a public key
25: path length constraint exceeded
26: unsuitable certificate purpose
27: certificate not trusted
28: certificate rejected
29: subject issuer mismatch
30: authority and subject key identifier mismatch
31: authority and issuer serial number mismatch
32: key usage does not include certificate signing
33: unable to get CRL issuer certificate
34: unhandled critical extension
35: key usage does not include CRL signing
36: unhandled critical CRL extension
37: invalid non-CA certificate (has CA markings)
38: proxy path length constraint exceeded
39: key usage does not include digital signature
40: proxy certificates not allowed, please set the appropriate flag
41: invalid or inconsistent certificate extension
42: invalid or inconsistent certificate policy extension
43: no explicit policy
44: different CRL scope
45: unsupported extension feature
46: RFC 3779 resource not subset of parent's resources
47: permitted subtree violation
48: excluded subtree violation
49: name constraints minimum and maximum not supported
50: application verification failure
51: unsupported name constraint type
52: unsupported or invalid name constraint syntax
53: unsupported or invalid name syntax
54: CRL path validation error
55: path loop
56: Suite B: certificate version invalid
57: Suite B: invalid public key algorithm
58: Suite B: invalid ECC curve
59: Suite B: invalid signature algorithm
60: Suite B: curve not allowed for this LOS
61: Suite B: cannot sign P-384 with P-256
62: hostname mismatch
63: email address mismatch
64: IP address mismatch
65: no matching DANE TLSA records
66: EE certificate key too weak
67: CA certificate key too weak
68: CA signature digest algorithm too weak
69: invalid certificate verification context
70: issuer certificate lookup error
71: Certificate Transparency required, but no valid SCTs found
72: proxy subject name violation
73: OCSP verification needed
74: OCSP verification failed
75: OCSP unknown cert
76: Cannot find certificate signature algorithm
77: subject signature algorithm and issuer public key algorithm mismatch
78: cert info signature and signature algorithm mismatch
79: invalid CA certificate
80: Path length invalid for non-CA cert
81: Path length given without key usage keyCertSign
82: Key usage keyCertSign invalid for non-CA cert
83: Issuer name empty
84: Subject name empty
85: Missing Authority Key Identifier
86: Missing Subject Key Identifier
87: Empty Subject Alternative Name extension
89: Basic Constraints of CA cert not marked critical
88: Subject empty and Subject Alt Name extension not critical
90: Authority Key Identifier marked critical
91: Subject Key Identifier marked critical
92: CA cert does not include key usage extension
93: Using cert extension requires at least X509v3
94: Certificate public key has explicit ECC parameters
95: Raw public key untrusted, no trusted keys configured

source: https://github.com/openssl/openssl/blob/master/include/openssl/x509_vfy.h.in
https://github.com/openssl/openssl/blob/master/crypto/x509/x509_txt.c
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0
c dot ball1729 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
A note about $curl_info['header_size'] (in response to the example above).

Note that the total includes the size of any received headers suppressed by CURLOPT_SUPPRESS_CONNECT_HEADERS (see: https://curl.se/libcurl/c/CURLINFO_HEADER_SIZE.html) so if you are using a proxy which adds additional headers along with this option, $curl_info['header_size'] will give you the wrong string index based on the headers available in PHP. i.e., it will eat in to the start of the response instead of being the index of the beginning of the response.
up
0
torres dot krys at gmail dot com
8 years ago
If you use curl option CURLOPT_NOBODY = true to test if distant url is available, any sites can send you an http code 400 like Cdiscount Wsdl :

$ch = @curl_init($wsdl);

if($ch === false)
return false;

@curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER ,true); // we want headers
@curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOBODY ,true); // dont need body
@curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER ,true); // catch output (do NOT print!)

@curl_exec($ch);

if(@curl_errno($ch)){ // should be 0
@curl_close($ch);
return false;
}

$code = @curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);

Modifying CURLOPT_NOBODY to false, http code sent is 200 otherwise http code is 400 !!!
up
0
Anonymous
13 years ago
The main doc neglects to mention that when the CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT option is set the array returned by this function will included a new property, request_header, that is a string of the headers sent in the request.
up
-2
Curly
9 years ago
If you call curl_reset() on a handle that has already been passed to curl_exec(), and then perform a curl_getinfo() on the same handle, you may expect that you get the same result as if you called curl_getinfo() immediately after curl_init(). This is not the case, however. cURL will return the data from the previous execution. If you want to completely reset you actually need to unset the cURL handle and recreate a new one.
up
-15
luiheidsgoeroe at hotmail dot com
16 years ago
Keep in mind that for CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER it has to be set with curl_setopt() before execution:

This doesn't work:
<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://www.example.com/");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_exec($ch);
var_dump(curl_getinfo($ch,CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT));
?>

This works:
<?php
$ch
= curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://www.example.com/");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT, true);
curl_exec($ch);
var_dump(curl_getinfo($ch,CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT));
?>
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