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array_unique

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_uniqueRemove os valores duplicados de um array

Descrição

array_unique(array $array, int $flags = SORT_STRING): array

Recebe uma entrada array e retorna um novo array sem valores duplicados.

Note que as chaves são preservadas. Se vários elementos forem iguais sob as flags fornecidas, então a chave e o valor do primeiro elemento igual serão retidos.

Nota: Dois elementos são considerados iguais se, e somente se, (string) $elem1 === (string) $elem2. Em palavras: quando a represetação em string é a mesma, o primeiro elemento será usado.

Parâmetros

array

O array de entrada.

flags

O segundo parâmetro opcional flags pode ser utilizado para modificar o comportamento de ordenação usando estes valores:

Sinalizações de tipo de ordenação:

  • SORT_REGULAR - compara os itens normalmente (não altera tipos)
  • SORT_NUMERIC - compara itens numericamente
  • SORT_STRING - compara itens como strings
  • SORT_LOCALE_STRING - compara itens como strings baseado na localidade atual.

Valor Retornado

Retorna o array filtrado.

Changelog

Versão Descrição
7.2.0 Se flags for SORT_STRING, o array anterior foi copiado e os elementos não únicos foram removidos (sem empacotar o array em seguida), mas um novo array é criado ao adicionar os novos elementos. Isto pode resultar em índices numéricos diferentes.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplo de array_unique()

<?php
$input 
= array("a" => "verde""vermelho""b" => "verde""azul""vermelho");
$result array_unique($input);
print_r($result);
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

Array
(
    [a] => verde
    [0] => vermelho
    [1] => azul

)

Exemplo #2 array_unique() e tipos

<?php
$input 
= array(4"4""3"43"3");
$result array_unique($input);
var_dump($result);
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

array(2) {
  [0] => int(4)
  [2] => string(1) "3"
}

Notas

Nota: Note que array_unique() não se destina a funcionar em arrays multidimensionais.

Veja Também

add a note

User Contributed Notes 30 notes

up
292
Ghanshyam Katriya(anshkatriya at gmail)
7 years ago
Create multidimensional array unique for any single key index.
e.g I want to create multi dimentional unique array for specific code

Code :
My array is like this,

<?php
$details
= array(
   
0 => array("id"=>"1", "name"=>"Mike",    "num"=>"9876543210"),
   
1 => array("id"=>"2", "name"=>"Carissa", "num"=>"08548596258"),
   
2 => array("id"=>"1", "name"=>"Mathew""num"=>"784581254"),
);
?>

You can make it unique for any field like id, name or num.

I have develop this function for same :
<?php
function unique_multidim_array($array, $key) {
   
$temp_array = array();
   
$i = 0;
   
$key_array = array();
   
    foreach(
$array as $val) {
        if (!
in_array($val[$key], $key_array)) {
           
$key_array[$i] = $val[$key];
           
$temp_array[$i] = $val;
        }
       
$i++;
    }
    return
$temp_array;
}
?>

Now, call this function anywhere from your code,

something like this,
<?php
$details
= unique_multidim_array($details,'id');
?>

Output will be like this :
<?php
$details
= array(
   
0 => array("id"=>"1","name"=>"Mike","num"=>"9876543210"),
   
1 => array("id"=>"2","name"=>"Carissa","num"=>"08548596258"),
);
?>
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17
falundir at gmail dot com
4 years ago
I find it odd that there is no version of this function which allows you to use a comparator callable in order to determine items equality (like array_udiff and array_uintersect). So, here's my version for you:

<?php
function array_uunique(array $array, callable $comparator): array {
   
$unique_array = [];
    do {
       
$element = array_shift($array);
       
$unique_array[] = $element;

       
$array = array_udiff(
           
$array,
            [
$element],
           
$comparator
       
);
    } while (
count($array) > 0);

    return
$unique_array;
}
?>

And here is a test code:

<?php
class Foo {

    public
$a;

    public function
__construct(int $a) {
       
$this->a = $a;
    }
}

$array_of_objects = [new Foo(2), new Foo(1), new Foo(3), new Foo(2), new Foo(2), new Foo(1)];

$comparator = function (Foo $foo1, Foo $foo2): int {
    return
$foo1->a <=> $foo2->a;
};

var_dump(array_uunique($array_of_objects, $comparator)); // should output [Foo(2), Foo(1), Foo(3)]
?>
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17
stoff@
5 years ago
In reply to performance tests array_unique vs foreach.

In PHP7 there were significant changes to Packed and Immutable arrays resulting in the performance difference to drop considerably. Here is the same test on php7.1 here;
http://sandbox.onlinephpfunctions.com/code/2a9e986690ef8505490489581c1c0e70f20d26d1

$max = 770000; //large enough number within memory allocation
$arr = range(1,$max,3);
$arr2 = range(1,$max,2);
$arr = array_merge($arr,$arr2);

$time = -microtime(true);
$res1 = array_unique($arr);
$time += microtime(true);
echo "deduped to ".count($res1)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 513333 in 1.0876770019531

$time = -microtime(true);
$res2 = array();
foreach($arr as $key=>$val) {   
    $res2[$val] = true;
}
$res2 = array_keys($res2);
$time += microtime(true);
echo "<br />deduped to ".count($res2)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 513333 in 0.054931879043579
up
92
Anonymous
12 years ago
It's often faster to use a foreache and array_keys than array_unique:

    <?php

    $max
= 1000000;
   
$arr = range(1,$max,3);
   
$arr2 = range(1,$max,2);
   
$arr = array_merge($arr,$arr2);

   
$time = -microtime(true);
   
$res1 = array_unique($arr);
   
$time += microtime(true);
    echo
"deduped to ".count($res1)." in ".$time;
   
// deduped to 666667 in 32.300781965256

   
$time = -microtime(true);
   
$res2 = array();
    foreach(
$arr as $key=>$val) {   
       
$res2[$val] = true;
    }
   
$res2 = array_keys($res2);
   
$time += microtime(true);
    echo
"<br />deduped to ".count($res2)." in ".$time;
   
// deduped to 666667 in 0.84372591972351

   
?>
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6
Fabiano
4 years ago
As for PHP 7.1.12, this is the comparison between array_keys(array_flip()), array_flip(array_flip()), for each elimination and array_unique. The array_keys(array_flip()) is the fastest method to remove duplication values from a single dimension array:

<?php

$max
= 1000000;
$arr = range(1,$max,3);
$arr2 = range(1,$max,2);
$arr = array_merge($arr,$arr2);

$time = -microtime(true);
$res1 = array_unique($arr);
$time += microtime(true);

echo
"<br>deduped to ".count($res1)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 666667 in 0.78185796737671
// memory used: 33558528

$time = -microtime(true);
$res2 = array_flip(array_flip($arr));
$time += microtime(true);

echo
"<br><br>deduped to ".count($res2)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 666667 in 0.072191953659058
// memory used: 3774873

$time = -microtime(true);
$res3 = array();
foreach(
$arr as $key=>$val) {
   
$res3[$val] = true;
}
$res3 = array_keys($res3);
$time += microtime(true);

echo
"<br /><br>deduped to ".count($res3)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 666667 in 0.095494985580444
// memory used: 33558528

$time = -microtime(true);
$res4 = array_keys(array_flip($arr));
$time += microtime(true);

echo
"<br /><br>deduped to ".count($res4)." in ".$time;
// deduped to 666667 in 0.05807900428772
// memory used: 33558528
up
22
Ray dot Paseur at SometimesUsesGmail dot com
14 years ago
I needed to identify email addresses in a data table that were replicated, so I wrote the array_not_unique() function:

<?php

function array_not_unique($raw_array) {
   
$dupes = array();
   
natcasesort($raw_array);
   
reset ($raw_array);

   
$old_key    = NULL;
   
$old_value    = NULL;
    foreach (
$raw_array as $key => $value) {
        if (
$value === NULL) { continue; }
        if (
$old_value == $value) {
           
$dupes[$old_key]    = $old_value;
           
$dupes[$key]        = $value;
        }
       
$old_value    = $value;
       
$old_key    = $key;
    }
return
$dupes;
}

$raw_array     = array();
$raw_array[1]    = 'abc@xyz.com';
$raw_array[2]    = 'def@xyz.com';
$raw_array[3]    = 'ghi@xyz.com';
$raw_array[4]    = 'abc@xyz.com'; // Duplicate

$common_stuff    = array_not_unique($raw_array);
var_dump($common_stuff);
?>
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28
mnbayazit
15 years ago
Case insensitive; will keep first encountered value.

<?php

function array_iunique($array) {
   
$lowered = array_map('strtolower', $array);
    return
array_intersect_key($array, array_unique($lowered));
}

?>
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3
keneks at gmail dot com
16 years ago
Taking the advantage of array_unique, here is a simple function to check if an array has duplicate values.

It simply compares the number of elements between the original array and the array_uniqued array.

<?php

function array_has_duplicates(array $array)
{
   
$uniq = array_unique($array);
    return
count($uniq) != count($array);
}

?>
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1
contact at evoweb dot fr
1 year ago
Here is a solution to make unique values keeping empty values for an array with keys :

<?php
function array_unique_kempty($array) {
   
$values = array_unique($array);
   
$return = array_combine(array_keys($array), array_fill(0,count($array),null));
    return
array_merge($return,$values);
}

$myArray = [
   
"test1" => "aaa",
   
"test2" => null,
   
"test3" => "aaa",
   
"test4" => "bbb",
   
"test5" => null,
   
"test6" => "ccc",
   
"test7" => "ddd",
   
"test8" => "ccc"
];

echo
"<pre>".print_r(array_unique_kempty($myArray),true)."</pre>";

/*
Array
(
    [test1] => aaa
    [test2] =>
    [test3] =>
    [test4] => bbb
    [test5] =>
    [test6] => ccc
    [test7] => ddd
    [test8] =>
)
*/
?>
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1
calexandrepcjr at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Following the Ghanshyam Katriya idea, but with an array of objects, where the $key is related to object propriety that you want to filter the uniqueness of array:

<?php
function obj_multi_unique($obj, $key = false)
    {
       
$totalObjs = count($obj);
        if (
is_array($obj) && $totalObjs > 0 && is_object($obj[0]) && ($key && !is_numeric($key))) {
            for (
$i = 0; $i < $totalObjs; $i++) {
                if (isset(
$obj[$i])) {
                    for (
$j = $i + 1; $j < $totalObjs; $j++) {
                        if (isset(
$obj[$j]) && $obj[$i]->{$key} === $obj[$j]->{$key}) {
                            unset(
$obj[$j]);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            return
array_values($obj);
        } else {
            throw new
Exception('Invalid argument or your array of objects is empty');
        }
    }
?>
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13
mostafatalebi at rocketmail dot com
8 years ago
If you find the need to get a sorted array without it preserving the keys, use this code which has worked for me:

<?php

$array
= array("hello", "fine", "good", "fine", "hello", "bye");

$get_sorted_unique_array = array_values(array_unique($array));

?>

The above code returns an array which is both unique and sorted from zero.
up
20
regeda at inbox dot ru
12 years ago
recursive array unique for multiarrays

<?php
function super_unique($array)
{
 
$result = array_map("unserialize", array_unique(array_map("serialize", $array)));

  foreach (
$result as $key => $value)
  {
    if (
is_array($value) )
    {
     
$result[$key] = super_unique($value);
    }
  }

  return
$result;
}
?>
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3
sashasimkin at gmail dot com
10 years ago
My object unique function:

<?php
function object_unique( $obj ){
   
$objArray = (array) $obj;

   
$objArray = array_intersect_assoc( array_unique( $objArray ), $objArray );

    foreach(
$obj as $n => $f ) {
        if( !
array_key_exists( $n, $objArray ) ) unset( $obj->$n );
    }

    return
$obj;
}
?>

And these code:

<?php
class Test{
    public
$pr0 = 'string';
    public
$pr1 = 'string1';
    public
$pr2 = 'string';
    public
$pr3 = 'string2';
}

$obj = new Test;

var_dump( object_unique( $obj ) );
?>

returns:
object(Test)[1]
  public 'pr0' => string 'string' (length=6)
  public 'pr1' => string 'string1' (length=7)
  public 'pr3' => string 'string2' (length=7)
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6
agarcia at rsn dot com dot co
16 years ago
This is a script for multi_dimensional arrays

<?php
function remove_dup($matriz) {
   
$aux_ini=array();
   
$entrega=array();
    for(
$n=0;$n<count($matriz);$n++)
    {
       
$aux_ini[]=serialize($matriz[$n]);
    }
   
$mat=array_unique($aux_ini);
    for(
$n=0;$n<count($matriz);$n++)
    {
       
           
$entrega[]=unserialize($mat[$n]);
       
    }
    return
$entrega;
}
?>
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3
Ludovico Grossi
7 years ago
[Editor's note: please note that this will not work well with non-scalar values in the array. Array keys can not be arrays themselves, nor streams, resources, etc. Flipping the array causes a change in key-name]

You can do a super fast version of array_unique directly in PHP, even faster than the other solution posted in the comments!

Compared to the built in function it is 20x faster! (2x faster than the solution in the comments).

<?php
function superfast_array_unique($array) {
    return
array_keys(array_flip($array));
}
?>

This works faster for small and big arrays.
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5
quecoder at gmail
14 years ago
another method to get unique values is :

<?php
$alpha
=array('a','b','c','a','b','d','e','f','f');

$alpha= array_keys(array_count_values($alpha));

print_r($alpha);
?>

Output:
Array ( [0] => a [1] => b [2] => c [3] => d [4] => e [5] => f )
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3
subhrajyoti dot de007 at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Simple and clean way to get duplicate entries removed from a multidimensional array.

<?php
          $multi_array
= $multi_array [0];
         
$multi_array = array_unique($multi_array);
         
print_r($multi_array);
?>
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2
jusvalceanu - SPAM at SPAM - yahoo dot com
14 years ago
so .... my problem was multidimensional sort.

<?php
      $new
= array();
     
$exclude = array("");
      for (
$i = 0; $i<=count($attribs)-1; $i++) {
         if (!
in_array(trim($attribs[$i]["price"]) ,$exclude)) { $new[] = $attribs[$i]; $exclude[] = trim($attribs[$i]["price"]); }
      }

?>

Array $attribs is an array contaning arrays. Each array in the $attrib array consists in multiple fields (ex: name, lenght, price, etc.) to be more simpler in speech think that $attrib is the array resulted by a search sql query done by a visitator on your online shoopping website ... (so ... each array in the $attrib is a product :P) if you want to sort only the uniq results use the above or use this:

<?php
 
  
/* Our Array of products */
  
$attribs[] = array(
                          
"name"         => "Test Product 1",
                          
"length"     => "42 cm",
                          
"weight"     => "0,5 kg",
                          
"price"     => "10 $",
                          
"stock"     => "100",
                        );

  
$attribs[] = array(
                          
"name"         => "Test Product 2",
                          
"length"     => "42 cm",
                          
"weight"     => "1,5 kg",
                          
"price"     => "10 $",
                          
"stock"     => "200",
                        );

   
/* The nice stuff */

     
$new = array();
     
$exclude = array("");
      for (
$i = 0; $i<=count($attribs)-1; $i++) {
         if (!
in_array(trim($attribs[$i]["price"]) ,$exclude)) { $new[] = $attribs[$i]; $exclude[] = trim($attribs[$i]["price"]); }
      }
     
     
print_r($new); // $new is our sorted array

?>

Have fun tweaking this ;)) i know you will ;))

From Romania With Love
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2
webmaster at jukkis dot net
15 years ago
Another way to 'unique column' an array, in this case an array of objects:
Keep the desired unique column values in a static array inside the callback function for array_filter.

Example:
<?php
/* example object */
class myObj {
  public
$id;
  public
$value;
  function
__construct( $id, $value ) {
   
$this->id = $id;
   
$this->value = $value;
  }
}

/* callback function */
function uniquecol( $obj ) {
  static
$idlist = array();

  if (
in_array( $obj->id, $idlist ) )
    return
false;

 
$idlist[] = $obj->id;
  return
true;   
}

/* a couple of arrays with second array having an element with same id as the first */
$list  = array( new myObj( 1, ), new myObj( 2, 100 ) );
$list2 = array( new myObj( 1, 10 ), new myObj( 3, 100 ) );
$list3 = array_merge( $list, $list2 );

$unique = array_filter( $list3, 'uniquecol' );
print_r( $list3 );
print_r( $unique );

?>

In addition, use array_merge( $unique ) to reindex.
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2
amri [ at t] dhstudio dot eu
12 years ago
I searched how to show only the de-duplicate elements from array, but failed.
Here is my solution:

<?php
function arrayUniqueElements($array)
{
return
array_unique(array_diff_assoc($array1,array_unique($array1)));
};
?>

Example:
<?php
$arr1
= array('foo', 'bar', 'xyzzy', '&', 'xyzzy',
'baz', 'bat', '|', 'xyzzy', 'plugh',
'xyzzy', 'foobar', '|', 'plonk', 'xyzzy',
'apples', '&', 'xyzzy', 'oranges', 'xyzzy',
'pears','foobar');

$result=arrayUniqueElements($arr1);
print_r($result);exit;
?>

Output:

Array
(
[4] => xyzzy
[12] => |
[16] => &
[21] => foobar
)
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1
csaba at alum dot mit dot edu
18 years ago
The following is an efficient, adaptable implementation of array_unique which always retains the first key having a given value:

<?php
function array_unique2(&$aray) {
   
$aHash = array();
    foreach (
$aray as $key => &$val) if (@$aHash[$val]++) unset ($aray[$key]);
}
?>

It is also adaptable to multi dimensional arrays.  For example, if your array is a sequence of (multidimensional) points, then in place of @$aHash[$val]++ you could use @$aHash[implode("X",$val)]++
If you want to not have holes in your array, you can do an array_merge($aray) at the end.

Csaba Gabor
up
0
tasiot
3 days ago
array_unique is not compatible with php 8.1 enums because enums don't have a string representation yet (even the BackedEnum of string type…).
You get an error: "Object of class XXXX could not be converted to string."

So I wrote this function that creates a string representation of the enums and use the array keys to remove duplicates:

<?php

function array_unique_81(array $values): array
{
   
$unique = [];
    foreach (
$values as $value) {
        if (
$value instanceof \UnitEnum) {
           
$key = 'e:' . \get_class($value) . ':' . $value->name;
        } else {
           
$key = 's:' . (string)$value;
        }
       
$unique[$key] = $value;
    }
    return \
array_values($unique);
}

?>
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0
free dot smilesrg at gmail dot com
25 days ago
$a = new StdClass();
$b = new StdClass();

var_dump(array_unique([$a, $b, $b, $a], SORT_REGULAR));
//array(1) {
//  [0]=>
//    object(stdClass)#1 (0) {
//  }
//}

$a->name = 'One';
$b->name = 'Two';

var_dump(array_unique([$a, $b, $b, $a], SORT_REGULAR));

//array(2) {
//  [0]=>
//  object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
//    ["name"]=>
//    string(3) "One"
//  }
//  [1]=>
//  object(stdClass)#2 (1) {
//    ["name"]=>
//    string(3) "Two"
//  }
//}
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0
Sbastien
6 months ago
Because of PHP comparaisons modalities, you can never distinguish null from others falsy values.
Note the absorbing nature of true and false booleans in mix types array.

<?php

$a
= [true, false, null, '', '0', '123', 0, 123];
foreach ([
'SORT_REGULAR', 'SORT_NUMERIC', 'SORT_STRING', 'SORT_LOCALE_STRING'] as $flag) {
   
$a_new = array_unique($a, constant($flag));
    echo
"{$flag} ==> ";
   
var_dump($a_new);
}

/*

Gives :

SORT_REGULAR ==> array(2) {
  [0]=> bool(true)
  [1]=> bool(false)
}
SORT_NUMERIC ==> array(3) {
  [0]=> bool(true)
  [1]=> bool(false)
  [5]=> string(3) "123"
}
SORT_STRING ==> array(4) {
  [0]=> bool(true)
  [1]=> bool(false)
  [4]=> string(1) "0"
  [5]=> string(3) "123"
}
SORT_LOCALE_STRING ==> array(4) {
  [0]=> bool(true)
  [1]=> bool(false)
  [4]=> string(1) "0"
  [5]=> string(3) "123"
}

*/
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0
zoolyka at gmail dot com
6 years ago
I found the simplest way to "unique" multidimensional arrays as follows:

<?php

$array
= array(
   
'a' => array(1, 2),
   
'b' => array(1, 2),
   
'c' => array(2, 2),
   
'd' => array(2, 1),
   
'e' => array(1, 1),
);

$array = array_map('json_encode', $array);
$array = array_unique($array);
$array = array_map('json_decode', $array);

print_r($array);

?>

As you can see "b" will be removed without any errors or notices.
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0
dirk dot avery a t gmail
13 years ago
Although array_unique is not intended to work with multi-dimensional arrays, it does on 5.2.9.  However, it does not for 5.2.5.  Beware.
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0
Dorphalsig
14 years ago
I had a problem with array_unique and multidimensional arrays ... Maybe there's a better way to do this, but this will work for any dimensional arrays.

<?php
function arrayUnique($myArray)
{
    if(!
is_array($myArray))
           return
$myArray;

    foreach (
$myArray as &$myvalue){
       
$myvalue=serialize($myvalue);
    }

   
$myArray=array_unique($myArray);

    foreach (
$myArray as &$myvalue){
       
$myvalue=unserialize($myvalue);
    }

    return
$myArray;

}
?>
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0
PHP Expert
14 years ago
Case insensitive for PHP v4.x and up.

<?php

function in_iarray($str, $a) {
    foreach (
$a as $v) {
        if (
strcasecmp($str, $v) == 0) {
            return
true;
        }
    }
    return
false;
}

function
array_iunique($a) {
   
$n = array();
    foreach (
$a as $k => $v) {
        if (!
in_iarray($v, $n)) {
           
$n[$k]=$v;
        }
    }
    return
$n;
}

$input = array("aAa","bBb","cCc","AaA","ccC","ccc","CCC","bBB","AAA","XXX");
$result = array_iunique($input);
print_r($result);

/*
Array
(
    [0] => aAa
    [1] => bBb
    [2] => cCc
    [9] => XXX
)
*/
?>
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0
geuis dot teses at gmail dot com
16 years ago
Here's the shortest line of code I could find/create to remove all duplicate entries from an array and then reindex the keys.

<?php

// Fruits, vegetables, and other food:
$var = array('apple','banana','carrot','cat','dog','egg','eggplant','fish');

$var = array_values(array_unique($var));
?>
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0
memandeemail at gmail dot com
16 years ago
Problem:
I have loaded an array with the results of a database
query.  The Fields are 'FirstName' and 'LastName'.

I would like to find a way to contactenate the two
fields, and then return only unique values for the
array.  For example, if the database query returns
three instances of a record with the FirstName John
and the LastName Smith in two distinct fields, I would
like to build a new array that would contain all the
original fields, but with John Smith in it only once.
Thanks for: Colin Campbell

Solution:

<?php
/**
* The same thing than implode function, but return the keys so
*
* <code>
* $_GET = array('id' => '4587','with' => 'key');
* ...
* echo shared::implode_with_key('&',$_GET,'='); // Resultado: id=4587&with=key
* ...
* </code>
*
* @param string $glue Oque colocar entre as chave => valor
* @param array $pieces Valores
* @param string $hifen Separar chave da array do valor
* @return string
* @author memandeemail at gmail dot com
*/
function implode_with_key($glue = null, $pieces, $hifen = ',') {
 
$return = null;
  foreach (
$pieces as $tk => $tv) $return .= $glue.$tk.$hifen.$tv;
  return
substr($return,1);
}

/**
* Return unique values from a tree of values
*
* @param array $array_tree
* @return array
* @author memandeemail at gmail dot com
*/
function array_unique_tree($array_tree) {
 
$will_return = array(); $vtemp = array();
  foreach (
$array_tree as $tkey => $tvalue) $vtemp[$tkey] = implode_with_key('&',$tvalue,'=');
  foreach (
array_keys(array_unique($vtemp)) as $tvalue) $will_return[$tvalue] = $array_tree[$tvalue];
  return
$will_return;
}

$problem = array_fill(0,3,
array(
'FirstName' => 'John', 'LastName' => 'Smith')
);

$problem[] = array('FirstName' => 'Davi', 'LastName' => 'S. Mesquita');
$problem[] = array('FirstName' => 'John', 'LastName' => 'Tom');

print_r($problem);

print_r(array_unique_tree($problem));
?>
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