PHPerKaigi 2024

count

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

countConta todos os elementos de um array ou de um objeto Countable

Descrição

count(Countable|array $value, int $mode = COUNT_NORMAL): int

Conta todos os elementos de um array quando usado com um array. Quando usado com um objeto que implementa a interface Countable, retorna o valor de retorno do método Countable::count().

Parâmetros

value

Um array ou objeto Countable.

mode

Se o parâmetro opcional mode for definido para COUNT_RECURSIVE (ou 1), a função count() irá recursivamente contar o array. Isto é particularmente útil para contar todos os elementos de um array multidimensional.

Cuidado

count() pode detectar recursividade para evitar um loop infinito, mas irá emitir um aviso E_WARNING cada vez que o fizer (caso o array contenha a si mesmo mais de uma vez) e retornará uma contagem maior que a esperada.

Valor Retornado

Retorna o número de elementos em value. Antes do PHP 8.0.0, se o parâmetro não fosse um array nem um object que implementa a interface Countable, 1 seria retornado, a menos que value fosse null, e neste caso 0 seria retornado.

Registro de Alterações

Versão Descrição
8.0.0 count() irá agora disparar TypeError em tipos contáveis inválidos passados no parâmetro value.
7.2.0 count() irá agora emitir um aviso em tipos contáveis inválidos passados no parâmetro value.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplo da função count()

<?php
$a
[0] = 1;
$a[1] = 3;
$a[2] = 5;
var_dump(count($a));

$b[0] = 7;
$b[5] = 9;
$b[10] = 11;
var_dump(count($b));
?>

O exemplo acima produzirá:

int(3)
int(3)

Exemplo #2 Exemplo de count() em não-Countable|array (contra exemplo - não deve ser feito)

<?php
$b
[0] = 7;
$b[5] = 9;
$b[10] = 11;
var_dump(count($b));

var_dump(count(null));

var_dump(count(false));
?>

O exemplo acima produzirá:

int(3)
int(0)
int(1)

Saída do exemplo acima no PHP 7.2:

int(3)

Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in … on line 12
int(0)

Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in … on line 14
int(1)

Saída do exemplo acima no PHP 8:

int(3)

Fatal error: Uncaught TypeError: count(): Argument #1 ($var) must be of type Countable .. on line 12

Exemplo #3 Uso recursivo da função count()

<?php
$comidas
= array('frutas' => array('laranja', 'banana', 'maçã'),
'vegetais' => array('cenoura', 'couve', 'ervilha'));

// contagem recursiva
var_dump(count($comidas, COUNT_RECURSIVE));

// contagem normal
var_dump(count($comidas));

?>

O exemplo acima produzirá:

int(8)
int(2)

Exemplo #4 Objeto Countable

<?php
class CountOfMethods implements Countable
{
private function
someMethod()
{
}

public function
count(): int
{
return
count(get_class_methods($this));
}
}

$obj = new CountOfMethods();
var_dump(count($obj));
?>

O exemplo acima produzirá:

int(2)

Veja Também

  • is_array() - Verifica se a variável é um array
  • isset() - Determina se uma variável está declarada e é diferente de null
  • empty() - Determina se uma variável está vazia
  • strlen() - Retorna o tamanho de uma string
  • is_countable() - Verifica se o conteúdo de uma variável é um valor contável
  • Arrays

add a note

User Contributed Notes 18 notes

up
142
onlyranga at gmail dot com
9 years ago
[Editor's note: array at from dot pl had pointed out that count() is a cheap operation; however, there's still the function call overhead.]

If you want to run through large arrays don't use count() function in the loops , its a over head in performance, copy the count() value into a variable and use that value in loops for a better performance.

Eg:

// Bad approach

for($i=0;$i<count($some_arr);$i++)
{
// calculations
}

// Good approach

$arr_length = count($some_arr);
for($i=0;$i<$arr_length;$i++)
{
// calculations
}
up
1
asma mechtaba
1 year ago
count and sizeof are aliases, what work for one works for the other.
up
2
Christoph097
2 years ago
Empty values are counted:
<?php
$ar
[] = 3;
$ar[] = null;
var_dump(count($ar)); //int(2)
?>
up
4
Anonymous
4 years ago
For a Non Countable Objects

$count = count($data);
print "Count: $count\n";

Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in example.php on line 159

#Quick fix is to just cast the non-countable object as an array..

$count = count((array) $data);
print "Count: $count\n";

Count: 250
up
3
lucasfsmartins at gmail dot com
4 years ago
If you are on PHP 7.2+, you need to be aware of "Changelog" and use something like this:

<?php
$countFruits
= is_array($countFruits) || $countFruits instanceof Countable ? count($countFruits) : 0;
?>

You can organize your code to ensure that the variable is an array, or you can extend the Countable so that you don't have to do this check.
up
13
danny at dannymendel dot com
16 years ago
I actually find the following function more useful when it comes to multidimension arrays when you do not want all levels of the array tree.

// $limit is set to the number of recursions
<?php
function count_recursive ($array, $limit) {
$count = 0;
foreach (
$array as $id => $_array) {
if (
is_array ($_array) && $limit > 0) {
$count += count_recursive ($_array, $limit - 1);
} else {
$count += 1;
}
}
return
$count;
}
?>
up
3
pied-pierre
8 years ago
A function of one line to find the number of elements that are not arrays, recursively :

function count_elt($array, &$count=0){
foreach($array as $v) if(is_array($v)) count_elt($v,$count); else ++$count;
return $count;
}
up
9
alexandr at vladykin dot pp dot ru
17 years ago
My function returns the number of elements in array for multidimensional arrays subject to depth of array. (Almost COUNT_RECURSIVE, but you can point on which depth you want to plunge).

<?php
function getArrCount ($arr, $depth=1) {
if (!
is_array($arr) || !$depth) return 0;

$res=count($arr);

foreach (
$arr as $in_ar)
$res+=getArrCount($in_ar, $depth-1);

return
$res;
}
?>
up
1
php_count at cubmd dot com
7 years ago
All the previous recursive count solutions with $depth option would not avoid infinite loops in case the array contains itself more than once.
Here's a working solution:

<?php
/**
* Recursively count elements in an array. Behaves exactly the same as native
* count() function with the $depth option. Meaning it will also add +1 to the
* total count, for the parent element, and not only counting its children.
* @param $arr
* @param int $depth
* @param int $i (internal)
* @return int
*/
public static function countRecursive(&$arr, $depth = 0, $i = 0) {
$i++;
/**
* In case the depth is 0, use the native count function
*/
if (empty($depth)) {
return
count($arr, COUNT_RECURSIVE);
}
$count = 0;
/**
* This can occur only the first time when the method is called and $arr is not an array
*/
if (!is_array($arr)) {
return
count($arr);
}

// if this key is present, it means you already walked this array
if (isset($arr['__been_here'])) {
return
0;
}

$arr['__been_here'] = true;

foreach (
$arr as $key => &$value) {
if (
$key !== '__been_here') {
if (
is_array($value) && $depth > $i) {
$count += self::countRecursive($value, $depth, $i);
}

$count++;
}
}

// you need to unset it when done because you're working with a reference...
unset($arr['__been_here']);
return
$count;
}
?>
up
-4
buyatv at gmail dot com
7 years ago
You can not get collect sub array count when there is only one sub array in an array:

$a = array ( array ('a','b','c','d'));
$b = array ( array ('a','b','c','d'), array ('e','f','g','h'));

echo count($a); // 4 NOT 1, expect 1
echo count($b); // 2, expected
up
-6
Gerd Christian Kunze
10 years ago
Get maxWidth and maxHeight of a two dimensional array..?

Note:
1st dimension = Y (height)
2nd dimension = X (width)
e.g. rows and cols in database result arrays

<?php
$TwoDimensionalArray
= array( 0 => array( 'key' => 'value', ...), ... );
?>

So for Y (maxHeight)
<?php
$maxHeight
= count( $TwoDimensionalArray )
?>

And for X (maxWidth)
<?php
$maxWidth
= max( array_map( 'count', $TwoDimensionalArray ) );
?>

Simple? ;-)
up
-8
JumpIfBelow
8 years ago
As I see in many codes, don't use count to iterate through array.
Onlyranga says you could declare a variable to store it before the for loop.
I agree with his/her approach, using count in the test should be used ONLY if you have to count the size of the array for each loop.

You can do it in the for loop too, so you don't have to "search" where the variable is set.
e.g.
<?php
$array
= [1, 5, 'element'];
for(
$i = 0, $c = count($array); $i < $c; $i++)
var_dump($array[$i]);
?>
up
-1
olja dot fb at gmail dot com
9 months ago
In example #3, given as:

<?php
$food
= array('fruits' => array('orange', 'banana', 'apple'),
'veggie' => array('carrot', 'collard', 'pea'));

// recursive count
var_dump(count($food, COUNT_RECURSIVE));
?>

with the output given as int(8), it may have some readers mistaken, as I was at first: one might take it as keys being counted as well as the inner array entries:

<?php
// NO:
'fruits', 'orange', 'banana', 'apple',
'veggie', 'carrot', 'collard', 'pea'
?>

But actually keys are not counted in count function, and why it is still 8 - because inner arrays are counted as entries as well as their inner elements:

<?php
// YES:
array('orange', 'banana', 'apple'), 'orange', 'banana', 'apple',
array(
'carrot', 'collard', 'pea'), 'carrot', 'collard', 'pea'
?>
up
-4
vojtaripa at gmail dot com
3 years ago
To get the count of the inner array you can do something like:

$inner_count = count($array[0]);
echo ($inner_count);
up
-17
buyatv at gmail dot com
7 years ago
You can not get collect sub array count when use the key on only one sub array in an array:

$a = array("a"=>"appple", b"=>array('a'=>array(1,2,3),'b'=>array(1,2,3)));
$b = array("a"=>"appple", "b"=>array(array('a'=>array(1,2,3),'b'=>array(1,2,3)), array(1,2,3),'b'=>array(1,2,3)), array('a'=>array(1,2,3),'b'=>array(1,2,3))));

echo count($a['b']); // 2 NOT 1, expect 1
echo count($b['b']); // 3, expected
up
-4
max at schimmelmann dot org
3 years ago
In special situations you might only want to count the first level of the array to figure out how many entries you have, when they have N more key-value-pairs.

<?php

$data
= [
'a' => [
'bla1' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
'bla2' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
'bla3' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
'bla4' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
],
'b' => [
'bla1' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
'bla2' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
],
],
'c' => [
'bla1' => [
0 => 'asdf',
1 => 'asdf',
2 => 'asdf',
]
]
];
$count = array_sum(array_values(array_map('count', $data)));
// will return int(7)
var_dump($count);

// will return 31
var_dump(count($data, 1));
?>
up
-31
ThisIsNotImportant
8 years ago
About 2d arrays, you have many way to count elements :

<?php
$MyArray
= array ( array(1,2,3),
1,
'a',
array(
'a','b','c','d') );

// All elements
echo count($MyArray ,COUNT_RECURSIVE); // output 11 (9 values + 2 arrays)

// First level elements
echo count($MyArray ); // output 4 (2 values+ 2 arrays)

// Both level values, but only values
echo(array_sum(array_map('count',$MyArray ))); //output 9 (9 values)

// Only second level values
echo (count($MyArray ,COUNT_RECURSIVE)-count($MyArray )); //output 7 ((all elements) - (first elements))
?>
up
-11
XavDeb
4 years ago
If you want to know the sub-array containing the MAX NUMBER of values in a 3 dimensions array, here is a try (maybe not the nicest way, but it works):

function how_big_is_the_biggest_sub ($array) {
// we parse the 1st level
foreach ($array AS $key => $array_lvl2) {
//within level 2, we count the 3d levels max
$lvl2_nb = array_map( 'count', $array_lvl2) ;
$max_nb = max($lvl2_nb);
// we store the matching keys, it might be usefull
$max_key = array_search($max_nb, $lvl2_nb);
$max_nb_all[$max_key.'|'.$key] = $max_nb;
}
// now we want the max from all levels 2, so one more time
$real_max = max($max_nb_all);
$real_max_key = array_search($real_max, $max_nb_all);
list($real_max_key2, $real_max_key1) = explode('|', $real_max_key);
// preparing result
$biggest_sub['max'] = $real_max;
$biggest_sub['key1'] = $real_max_key1;
$biggest_sub['key2'] = $real_max_key2;

return $biggest_sub;
}
/*
$cat_poids_max['M']['Juniors'][] = 55;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Juniors'][] = 61;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Juniors'][] = 68;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Juniors'][] = 76;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Juniors'][] = 100;

$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 55;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 60;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 67;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 75;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 84;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 90;
$cat_poids_max['M']['Seniors'][] = 100;
//....
$cat_poids_max['F']['Juniors'][] = 52;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Juniors'][] = 65;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Juniors'][] = 74;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Juniors'][] = 100;

$cat_poids_max['F']['Seniors'][] = 62;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Seniors'][] = 67;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Seniors'][] = 78;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Seniors'][] = 86;
$cat_poids_max['F']['Seniors'][] = 100;
*/
$biggest_sub = how_big_is_the_biggest_sub($cat_poids_max);
echo "<li> ".$biggest_sub['key1']." ==> ".$biggest_sub['key2']." ==> ".$biggest_sub['max']; // displays : M ==> Seniors ==> 7
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