imagewbmp

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imagewbmp输出图象到浏览器或文件。

说明

imagewbmp(GdImage $image, resource|string|null $file = null, ?int $foreground_color = null): bool

imagewbmp() 输出或保存为指定 imageWBMP 版本。

参数

image

由图象创建函数(例如imagecreatetruecolor())返回的 GdImage 对象。

file

文件保存的路径或者已打开的流资源(此方法返回后自动关闭该流资源),如果未设置或为 null,将会直接输出原始图象流。

foreground_color

使用此参数从 imagecolorallocate() 获得的标识符来设置前景色。默认前景色为黑色。

返回值

成功时返回 true, 或者在失败时返回 false

警告

如果 libgd 输出图像失败,函数会返回 true

更新日志

版本 说明
8.0.0 image expects a GdImage instance now; previously, a resource was expected.
8.0.0 foreground_color 现在允许为 null。

范例

示例 #1 输出 WBMP 图像

<?php
// 创建空白图像并添加文本
$im = imagecreatetruecolor(120, 20);
$text_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 233, 14, 91);
imagestring($im, 1, 5, 5, 'A Simple Text String', $text_color);

// 设置内容类型标头——在本例中是 image/vnd.wap.wbmp
// 提示,请参阅 image_type_to_mime_type() 了解内容类型
header('Content-Type: image/vnd.wap.wbmp');

// 输出图像
imagewbmp($im);

// 释放内存
imagedestroy($im);
?>

示例 #2 保存 WBMP 图像

<?php
// 创建空白图像并添加文本
$im = imagecreatetruecolor(120, 20);
$text_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 233, 14, 91);
imagestring($im, 1, 5, 5, 'A Simple Text String', $text_color);

// 保存图像
imagewbmp($im, 'simpletext.wbmp');

// 释放内存
imagedestroy($im);
?>

示例 #3 使用不同的前景色输出图像

<?php
// 创建空白图像并添加文本
$im = imagecreatetruecolor(120, 20);
$text_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 233, 14, 91);
imagestring($im, 1, 5, 5, 'A Simple Text String', $text_color);

// 设置内容类型标头——在本例中是 image/vnd.wap.wbmp
// 提示,请参阅 image_type_to_mime_type() 了解内容类型
header('Content-Type: image/vnd.wap.wbmp');

// 设置替换的前景色
$foreground_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 255, 0, 0);

imagewbmp($im, NULL, $foreground_color);

// 释放内存
imagedestroy($im);
?>

参见

add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
1
andre at bynetworld dot com
15 years ago
In the previous note by -> lukeross at sys3175 dot co dot uk <- there is a coding error in the for() loops. After correcting the error, I found that this function did a great job of  converting color images to 2 colors.
The following is the corrected function code:

function ImageColorFloydSteinberg($dst_img, $src_img) {
    ImageColorAllocate($dst_img, 0,0,0);
    ImageColorAllocate($dst_img, 255,255,255);
    $isx = ImageSX($src_img);
    $isy = ImageSY($src_img);
    $grey_img = ImageCreate($isx, $isy);
    for ($a = 0; $a <= 255; $a++) ImageColorAllocate($grey_img, $a,$a,$a);
    $isx -= 1; // To correct pixel count in source image width starting from 0
    $isy -= 1; // Correcting pixel count in source image height starting from 0
    for($x = 0; $x <= $isx; $x++) {
        for($y = 0; $y <= $isy; $y++) {
            $color = ImageColorsForIndex($src_img, ImageColorAt($src_img, $x, $y));
            $greyscale = .299 * $color["red"] + .587 * $color["green"] + .114 * $color["blue"];
            ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img, $greyscale, $greyscale, $greyscale));
        }
    }
    for($x = 0; $x <= $isx; $x++) {
        for($y = 0; $y <= $isy; $y++) {
            $color = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x, $y));
            if ($color["red"] > 128) {
                ImageSetPixel($dst_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($dst_img,255,255,255));
                $err = $color["red"] - 255;
            } else {
                ImageSetPixel($dst_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($dst_img,0,0,0));
                $err = $color["red"];
            }
            if ($x != $isx) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x+1, $y));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 7 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x+1, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($x != 0) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x-1, $y));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 3 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x-1, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($y != $isy) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x, $y+1));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 5 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x, $y+1, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($x != $isx && $y != $isy) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x+1, $y+1));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x+1, $y+1, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
          
        }
    }
    imagedestroy($grey_img);
}
up
0
lukeross at sys3175 dot co dot uk
20 years ago
As has been commented before, GD doesnt do a very good translation to 2-colours, especially for photos.  The following routine converts to two colours, I believe using error diffusion (the algorithm's nicked off news).  It's slow, but just about adequate for small images and low load.  I suspect it can be made much more efficient :-)

function ImageColorFloydSteinberg($dst_img, $src_img) {
    ImageColorAllocate($dst_img, 0,0,0);
    ImageColorAllocate($dst_img, 255,255,255);
    $grey_img = ImageCreate(ImageSX($src_img), ImageSY($src_img));
    for ($a = 0; $a <= 255; $a++) ImageColorAllocate($grey_img, $a,$a,$a);
    for($x = 0; $x <= ImageSX($src_img); $x++) {
        for($y = 0; $y <= ImageSY($src_img); $y++) {
            $color = ImageColorsForIndex($src_img, ImageColorAt($src_img, $x, $y));
            $greyscale = .299 * $color["red"] + .587 * $color["green"] + .114 * $color["blue"];
            ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img, $greyscale, $greyscale, $greyscale));
        }
    }
    for($x = 0; $x <= ImageSX($src_img); $x++) {
        for($y = 0; $y <= ImageSY($src_img); $y++) {
            $color = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x, $y));
            if ($color["red"] > 128) {
                ImageSetPixel($dst_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($dst_img,255,255,255));
                $err = $color["red"] - 255;
            } else {
                ImageSetPixel($dst_img, $x, $y, ImageColorClosest($dst_img,0,0,0));
                $err = $color["red"];
            }
            if ($x != ImageSx($src_img)) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x+1, $y));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 7 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x+1, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($x != 0) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x-1, $y));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 3 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x-1, $y, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($y != ImageSy($src_img)) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x, $y+1));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err * 5 / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x, $y+1, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
            if ($x != ImageSx($src_img) && $y != ImageSy($src_img)) {
                $color2 = ImageColorsForIndex($grey_img, ImageColorAt($grey_img, $x+1, $y+1));
                $newgrey = $color2["red"] + $err / 16;
                ImageSetPixel($grey_img, $x+1, $y+1, ImageColorClosest($grey_img,$newgrey, $newgrey, $newgrey));
            }
           
        }
    }
    imagedestroy($grey_img);
}

To output your WBMP, use

ImageWBMP($final_img, "", ImageColorClosest(255,255,255));
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