PHP 8.0.26 Released!

关键词列表

这些词语在 PHP 中有着特殊的意义。它们中有些像是函数,有些像是常量,但是它们不是真的,它们只是语言结构的一部分。不能使用它们的任何一个作为常量、类名或函数名。但是它们可以被用作类的属性、常量以及类的方法名,或者接口名和 traits 名,除了 class 不能被用作常量名。

PHP 关键词
__halt_compiler() abstract and array() as
break callable case catch class
clone const continue declare default
die() do echo else elseif
empty() enddeclare endfor endforeach endif
endswitch endwhile eval() exit() extends
final finally fn(从 PHP 7.4 开始) for foreach
function global goto if implements
include include_once instanceof insteadof interface
isset() list() match (从 PHP 8.0 开始) namespace new
or print private protected public
readonly(自 PHP 8.1.0 起)* require require_once return static
switch throw trait try unset()
use var while xor yield
yield from        

* readonly 可用作函数名。

编译时常量
__CLASS__ __DIR__ __FILE__ __FUNCTION__ __LINE__ __METHOD__
__NAMESPACE__ __TRAIT__
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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
27
Thomas Hansen
6 years ago
Please note that reserved words are still not allowed to be used as namespace or as part of it:

<?php
namespace MyNameSpace\List;

class
Test
{
}
?>

This will fail with a Parse error:  syntax error, unexpected 'List' (T_LIST), expecting identifier (T_STRING)
up
26
martindilling at gmail dot com
9 years ago
RegEx to find all the keywords:

\b(
(a(bstract|nd|rray|s))|
(c(a(llable|se|tch)|l(ass|one)|on(st|tinue)))|
(d(e(clare|fault)|ie|o))|
(e(cho|lse(if)?|mpty|nd(declare|for(each)?|if|switch|while)|val|x(it|tends)))|
(f(inal|or(each)?|unction))|
(g(lobal|oto))|
(i(f|mplements|n(clude(_once)?|st(anceof|eadof)|terface)|sset))|
(n(amespace|ew))|
(p(r(i(nt|vate)|otected)|ublic))|
(re(quire(_once)?|turn))|
(s(tatic|witch))|
(t(hrow|r(ait|y)))|
(u(nset|se))|
(__halt_compiler|break|list|(x)?or|var|while)
)\b
up
18
Chris
10 years ago
Here they are as arrays:

<?php
$keywords
= array('__halt_compiler', 'abstract', 'and', 'array', 'as', 'break', 'callable', 'case', 'catch', 'class', 'clone', 'const', 'continue', 'declare', 'default', 'die', 'do', 'echo', 'else', 'elseif', 'empty', 'enddeclare', 'endfor', 'endforeach', 'endif', 'endswitch', 'endwhile', 'eval', 'exit', 'extends', 'final', 'for', 'foreach', 'function', 'global', 'goto', 'if', 'implements', 'include', 'include_once', 'instanceof', 'insteadof', 'interface', 'isset', 'list', 'namespace', 'new', 'or', 'print', 'private', 'protected', 'public', 'require', 'require_once', 'return', 'static', 'switch', 'throw', 'trait', 'try', 'unset', 'use', 'var', 'while', 'xor');

$predefined_constants = array('__CLASS__', '__DIR__', '__FILE__', '__FUNCTION__', '__LINE__', '__METHOD__', '__NAMESPACE__', '__TRAIT__');
?>

Along with get_defined_functions() and get_defined_constants(), this can be useful for checking eval() statements.
up
-25
Johnny D.
2 years ago
const FORBIDDEN_TYPES = [
    'null',

    'bool',
    'false',
    'true',

    'int',
    'float',

    'string',
];
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