(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

DateTimeInterface::format -- DateTimeImmutable::format -- DateTime::format -- date_formatReturns date formatted according to given format


Nesne yönelimli kullanım

public DateTimeInterface::format(string $format): string
public DateTimeImmutable::format(string $format): string
public DateTime::format(string $format): string

Yordamsal kullanım

date_format(DateTimeInterface $object, string $format): string

Returns date formatted according to given format.

Bağımsız Değişkenler


Sadece yordamsal biçem: date_create() işlevinden dönen bir DateTime nesnesi.


The format of the outputted date string. See the formatting options below. There are also several predefined date constants that may be used instead, so for example DATE_RSS contains the format string 'D, d M Y H:i:s'.

The following characters are recognized in the format parameter string
format character Description Example returned values
Day --- ---
d Day of the month, 2 digits with leading zeros 01 to 31
D A textual representation of a day, three letters Mon through Sun
j Day of the month without leading zeros 1 to 31
l (lowercase 'L') A full textual representation of the day of the week Sunday through Saturday
N ISO 8601 numeric representation of the day of the week 1 (for Monday) through 7 (for Sunday)
S English ordinal suffix for the day of the month, 2 characters st, nd, rd or th. Works well with j
w Numeric representation of the day of the week 0 (for Sunday) through 6 (for Saturday)
z The day of the year (starting from 0) 0 through 365
Week --- ---
W ISO 8601 week number of year, weeks starting on Monday Example: 42 (the 42nd week in the year)
Month --- ---
F A full textual representation of a month, such as January or March January through December
m Numeric representation of a month, with leading zeros 01 through 12
M A short textual representation of a month, three letters Jan through Dec
n Numeric representation of a month, without leading zeros 1 through 12
t Number of days in the given month 28 through 31
Year --- ---
L Whether it's a leap year 1 if it is a leap year, 0 otherwise.
o ISO 8601 week-numbering year. This has the same value as Y, except that if the ISO week number (W) belongs to the previous or next year, that year is used instead. Examples: 1999 or 2003
X An expanded full numeric representation of a year, at least 4 digits, with - for years BCE, and + for years CE. Examples: -0055, +0787, +1999, +10191
x An expanded full numeric representation if requried, or a standard full numeral representation if possible (like Y). At least four digits. Years BCE are prefixed with a -. Years beyond (and including) 10000 are prefixed by a +. Examples: -0055, 0787, 1999, +10191
Y A full numeric representation of a year, at least 4 digits, with - for years BCE. Examples: -0055, 0787, 1999, 2003, 10191
y A two digit representation of a year Examples: 99 or 03
Time --- ---
a Lowercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem am or pm
A Uppercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem AM or PM
B Swatch Internet time 000 through 999
g 12-hour format of an hour without leading zeros 1 through 12
G 24-hour format of an hour without leading zeros 0 through 23
h 12-hour format of an hour with leading zeros 01 through 12
H 24-hour format of an hour with leading zeros 00 through 23
i Minutes with leading zeros 00 to 59
s Seconds with leading zeros 00 through 59
u Microseconds. Note that date() will always generate 000000 since it takes an int parameter, whereas DateTime::format() does support microseconds if DateTime was created with microseconds. Example: 654321
v Milliseconds. Same note applies as for u. Example: 654
Timezone --- ---
e Timezone identifier Examples: UTC, GMT, Atlantic/Azores
I (capital i) Whether or not the date is in daylight saving time 1 if Daylight Saving Time, 0 otherwise.
O Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) without colon between hours and minutes Example: +0200
P Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) with colon between hours and minutes Example: +02:00
p The same as P, but returns Z instead of +00:00 (available as of PHP 8.0.0) Examples: Z or +02:00
T Timezone abbreviation, if known; otherwise the GMT offset. Examples: EST, MDT, +05
Z Timezone offset in seconds. The offset for timezones west of UTC is always negative, and for those east of UTC is always positive. -43200 through 50400
Full Date/Time --- ---
c ISO 8601 date 2004-02-12T15:19:21+00:00
r » RFC 2822/» RFC 5322 formatted date Example: Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200
U Seconds since the Unix Epoch (January 1 1970 00:00:00 GMT) See also time()

Unrecognized characters in the format string will be printed as-is. The Z format will always return 0 when using gmdate().


Since this function only accepts int timestamps the u format character is only useful when using the date_format() function with user based timestamps created with date_create().

Dönen Değerler

Returns the formatted date string on success.

Sürüm Bilgisi

Sürüm: Açıklama
8.2.0 The format characters X and x have been added.
8.0.0 The format character p has been added.


Örnek 1 DateTimeInterface::format() example

Nesne yönelimli kullanım

= new DateTimeImmutable('2000-01-01');
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

Yordamsal kullanım

= date_create('2000-01-01');
date_format($date, 'Y-m-d H:i:s');

Yukarıdaki örneğin çıktısı:

2000-01-01 00:00:00

Örnek 2 More examples

// set the default timezone to use.

// now
$date = new DateTimeImmutable();

// Prints something like: Wednesday
echo $date->format('l'), "\n";

// Prints something like: Wednesday 19th of October 2022 08:40:48 AM
echo $date->format('l jS \o\f F Y h:i:s A'), "\n";

/* use the constants in the format parameter */
// prints something like: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 08:40:48 +0000
echo $date->format(DateTimeInterface::RFC2822), "\n";

You can prevent a recognized character in the format string from being expanded by escaping it with a preceding backslash. If the character with a backslash is already a special sequence, you may need to also escape the backslash.

Örnek 3 Escaping characters while formatting

= new DateTimeImmutable();

// prints something like: Wednesday the 19th
echo $date->format('l \t\h\e jS');

To format dates in other languages, IntlDateFormatter::format() can be used instead of DateTimeInterface::format().


This method does not use locales. All output is in English.

Ayrıca Bakınız

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

reed at taeluf dot com
16 days ago
Formatting for MySQL:

// as your application needs
$timezone = new \DateTimeZone("Europe/Tallinn");
$dt = new \DateTime('now', $timezone);

// MySql does not store timezone information, so normalize it
$dt->setTimezone(new \DateTimeZone("UTC"));
$db_friendly_string = $dt->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');
// insert $db_friendly_string into a DATETIME mysql column

Loading FROM mysql is essentially the same:

= new \DateTimeZone("Europe/Tallinn");
$db_datetime = '2023-11-17 15:19:03';
$dt = \DateTime::createFromFormat('Y-m-d H:i:s', $db_datetime);

Also see

MySql docs state "In MySQL 8.0.19 and later, you can specify a time zone offset when inserting a TIMESTAMP or DATETIME value into a table. See Section 9.1.3, “Date and Time Literals”, for more information and examples. "

However, in my testing on mysql Ver 8.0.35, the time zone offset is discarded & the datetime string that's stored is exactly as you send to server - not modified with the offset.

If you insert with an offset, this is the format:
'2023-11-17 15:19:03-08:00'
Or the DateTime Format:
'Y-m-d H:i:sP'
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