CascadiaPHP 2024

key

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

key从关联数组中取得键名

说明

key(array|object $array): int|string|null

key() 返回数组中当前单元的键名。

参数

array

该数组。

返回值

key() 函数返回数组中内部指针指向的当前单元的键名。 但它不会移动指针。如果内部指针超过了元素列表尾部,或者数组是空的,key() 会返回 null

更新日志

版本 说明
8.1.0 弃用在 object 上调用此函数。 要么首先使用 get_mangled_object_vars()object 转换为 array,要么使用实现 Iterator 的类提供的方法,例如 ArrayIterator
7.4.0 SPL 类的实例现在被视为没有属性的空对象,而不是调用与此函数同名的 Iterator 方法。

示例

示例 #1 key() 例子

<?php
$array
= array(
'fruit1' => 'apple',
'fruit2' => 'orange',
'fruit3' => 'grape',
'fruit4' => 'apple',
'fruit5' => 'apple');

// 此循环将会输出数组中所有值等于 “apple” 的键(key)
while ($fruit_name = current($array)) {
if (
$fruit_name == 'apple') {
echo
key($array), "\n";
}
next($array);
}
?>

以上示例会输出:

fruit1
fruit4
fruit5

参见

add a note

User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
414
lhardie
10 years ago
Note that using key($array) in a foreach loop may have unexpected results.

When requiring the key inside a foreach loop, you should use:
foreach($array as $key => $value)

I was incorrectly using:
<?php
foreach($array as $value)
{
$mykey = key($array);
}
?>

and experiencing errors (the pointer of the array is already moved to the next item, so instead of getting the key for $value, you will get the key to the next value in the array)

CORRECT:
<?php
foreach($array as $key => $value)
{
$mykey = $key;
}

A noob error, but felt it might help someone else out there.
up
54
vinob44 at gmail dot com
10 years ago
Suppose if the array values are in numbers and numbers contains `0` then the loop will be terminated. To overcome this you can user like this

<?php
$array
= array(
'0' => '5',
'1' => '2',
'2' => '0',
'3' => '3',
'4' => '1');

// wrong approach

while ($fruit_name = current($array)) {

echo
key($array).'<br />';
next($array);
}

// the way will be break loop when arra('2'=>0) because its value is '0', while(0) will terminate the loop

// correct approach
while ( ($fruit_name = current($array)) !== FALSE ) {

echo
key($array).'<br />';
next($array);
}
//this will work properly
?>
up
21
FatBat
12 years ago
Needed to get the index of the max/highest value in an assoc array.
max() only returned the value, no index, so I did this instead.

<?php
reset
($x); // optional.
arsort($x);
$key_of_max = key($x); // returns the index.
?>
up
-11
Md Tahazzot
4 years ago
(Editor note: Or just use the array_keys function)

Make as simple as possible but not simpler like this one :)

$k = array();
for($i = 0; $i < count($arr); $i++){
$k[$i] = key($arr);
next($arr);
}
up
-18
danielmadsv at gmail dot com
5 years ago
In addition to FatBat's response, if you'd like to find out the highest key in an array (assoc or not) but don't want to arsort() it, take a look at this:

<?php

$arr
= [ '3' => 14, '1' => 15, '4' => 92, '15' => 65 ];

$key_of_max = array_search( max($arr) , $arr);

?>
To Top