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Deprecated features in PHP 7.2.x

Unquoted strings

Unquoted strings that are non-existent global constants are taken to be strings of themselves. This behaviour used to emit an E_NOTICE, but will now emit an E_WARNING. In the next major version of PHP, an Error exception will be thrown instead.



/* Output:
Warning: Use of undefined constant NONEXISTENT - assumed 'NONEXISTENT' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in %s on line %d
string(11) "NONEXISTENT"

png2wbmp() and jpeg2wbmp()

The png2wbmp() and jpeg2wbmp() functions from the GD extension have now been deprecated and will be removed in the next major version of PHP.

INTL_IDNA_VARIANT_2003 variant

The Intl extension has deprecated the INTL_IDNA_VARIANT_2003 variant, which is currently being used as the default for idn_to_ascii() and idn_to_utf8(). PHP 7.4 will see these defaults changed to INTL_IDNA_VARIANT_UTS46, and the next major version of PHP will remove INTL_IDNA_VARIANT_2003 altogether.

__autoload() method

The __autoload() method has been deprecated because it is inferior to spl_autoload_register() (due to it not being able to chain autoloaders), and there is no interoperability between the two autoloading styles.

track_errors ini setting and $php_errormsg variable

When the track_errors ini setting is enabled, a $php_errormsg variable is created in the local scope when a non-fatal error occurs. Given that the preferred way of retrieving such error information is by using error_get_last(), this feature has been deprecated.

create_function() function

Given the security issues of this function (being a thin wrapper around eval()), this dated function has now been deprecated. The preferred alternative is to use anonymous functions.

mbstring.func_overload ini setting

Given the interoperability problems of string-based functions being used in environments with this setting enabled, it has now been deprecated.

(unset) cast

Casting any expression to this type will always result in null, and so this superfluous casting type has now been deprecated.

parse_str() without a second argument

Without the second argument to parse_str(), the query string parameters would populate the local symbol table. Given the security implications of this, using parse_str() without a second argument has now been deprecated. The function should always be used with two arguments, as the second argument causes the query string to be parsed into an array.

gmp_random() function

This function generates a random number based upon a range that is calculated by an unexposed, platform-specific limb size. Because of this, the function has now been deprecated. The preferred way of generating a random number using the GMP extension is by gmp_random_bits() and gmp_random_range().

each() function

This function is far slower at iteration than a normal foreach, and causes implementation issues for some language changes. It has therefore been deprecated.

assert() with a string argument

Using assert() with a string argument required the string to be eval()'ed. Given the potential for remote code execution, using assert() with a string argument has now been deprecated in favour of using boolean expressions.

$errcontext argument of error handlers

The $errcontext argument contains all local variables of the error site. Given its rare usage, and the problems it causes with internal optimisations, it has now been deprecated. Instead, a debugger should be used to retrieve information on local variables at the error site.

read_exif_data() function

The read_exif_data() alias has been deprecated. The exif_read_data() function should be used instead.

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

5 years ago
An empty <?php?> Codeblock in PHP 7.2.0 will put out an "Unquoted strings" warning. To prevent that, add at least one empty space into the codeblock.


echo "This was some useful code.\n";

Gives: PHP Warning: Use of undefined constant php - assumed 'php' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP)

Fix via:

<?php /*
echo "This was some useful code.\";


Don't know if that is an intentional behaviour or a side effect.
webmaster at thedigitalorchard dot ca
6 years ago
Instead of __autoload(), you can use spl_autoload_register() very easily, as per the documentation:

spl_autoload_register(function ($class) {
include 'classes/' . $class . '.class.php';

And this lets you have multiple autoloaders instead of one global one.
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