imap_mail_compose

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

imap_mail_compose 指定したエンベロープおよびボディセクションに基づいて MIME メッセージを作成する

説明

imap_mail_compose ( array $envelope , array $body ) : string

指定したエンベロープ envelope およびボディセクション body に基づいて MIME メッセージを作成します。

パラメータ

envelope

ヘッダフィールドの連想配列。使えるキーは "remail", "return_path", "date", "from", "reply_to", "in_reply_to", "subject", "to", "cc", "bcc""message_id"。 これらの値は、連想配列の値に与えられた文字列でそれぞれのヘッダを設定します。 さらに追加のヘッダを設定する用途として、 "custom_headers" がサポートされています。 ここには、その他のヘッダの連想配列を指定します。例: ["User-Agent: My Mail Client"]

body

本文の配列。 配列の最初の要素が、メッセージの中心部分です。 TYPEMULTIPART の場合にだけ、ふたつめ以降の要素が処理されます。 処理された要素は、本文の一部を構成します。

body に指定する配列の構造
キー 説明
type int MIMEタイプ。 TYPETEXT (デフォルト), TYPEMULTIPART, TYPEMESSAGE, TYPEAPPLICATION, TYPEAUDIO, TYPEIMAGE, TYPEMODEL, TYPEOTHER が指定できます。
encoding int Content-Transfer-Encoding の値を指定します。 ENC7BIT (デフォルト), ENC8BIT, ENCBINARY, ENCBASE64, ENCQUOTEDPRINTABLE, ENCOTHER が指定できます。
charset string MIMEタイプの charset パラメータの値
type.parameters array Content-Type の名前と値を連想配列で指定します。
subtype string MIMEサブタイプ。例: TYPEIMAGE の場合は 'jpeg'
id string Content-ID の値
description string Content-Description の値
disposition.type string Content-Disposition の値。例: 'attachment'
disposition array Content-Disposition の名前と値を連想配列で指定します。
contents.data string ペイロード
lines int The size of the payload in lines.
bytes int ペイロードのサイズをバイト単位で指定します。
md5 string ペイロードのMD5チェックサム

返り値

MIME メッセージを文字列として返します。 失敗した場合に FALSE を返します

例1 imap_mail_compose() の例

<?php

$envelope
["from"]= "joe@example.com";
$envelope["to"]  = "foo@example.com";
$envelope["cc"]  = "bar@example.com";

$part1["type"] = TYPEMULTIPART;
$part1["subtype"] = "mixed";

$filename "/tmp/imap.c.gz";
$fp fopen($filename"r");
$contents fread($fpfilesize($filename));
fclose($fp);

$part2["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
$part2["encoding"] = ENCBINARY;
$part2["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
$part2["description"] = basename($filename);
$part2["contents.data"] = $contents;

$part3["type"] = TYPETEXT;
$part3["subtype"] = "plain";
$part3["description"] = "description3";
$part3["contents.data"] = "contents.data3\n\n\n\t";

$body[1] = $part1;
$body[2] = $part2;
$body[3] = $part3;

echo 
nl2br(imap_mail_compose($envelope$body));

?>

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
2
Los Olvidados
17 years ago
If you wish to send the output of this function, simply use it for the headers argument of imap_mail() or mail().  Keep in mind that those functions set the To: and Subject: headers, so including them in the envelope will create double entries.
up
2
prices at dflytech dot com
18 years ago
The documentation above does not mention that you can use the index ["charset"] to set the character set of the messsage part.

Example:

$part1["type"]= "TEXT";
$part1["subtype"]="PLAIN";
$part1["charset"] = "koi8-r";

to send a message in Russian-koi8.

Scott  =)
up
1
thomas dot hebinck at digionline dot de
17 years ago
It is a good idea to set the date header:
$envelope['date']=date('r');
up
1
Guido
12 years ago
For some email clients its necessary first to start with the body text and end with the attachment(s). Otherwise all the parts end up in attachments, also the body text (took a while to find this).

So example #1 (above) should be switched over, like:

$body[1] = $part1;
$body[2] = $part3;
$body[3] = $part2;
up
0
jvandeweghe at kipsu dot com
3 years ago
The custom_headers envelope documentation is misleading. Its not actually an "associative array", its a regular array of headers.

This is wrong:

<?php
$envelope
= [
   
//...
   
"custom_headers" => [
       
"X-SES-CONFIGURATION-SET" => "example",
       
"X-SES-MESSAGE-TAGS" => "emailType=example"
   
]
];
?>

This is right:

<?php
$envelope
= [
   
//...
   
"custom_headers" => [
       
"X-SES-CONFIGURATION-SET: example",
       
"X-SES-MESSAGE-TAGS: emailType=example"
   
]
];
?>
up
0
Freman
13 years ago
Since at least PHP 4.3 the $part[] hash can contain the $part['type.parameters'] which expects a hash.

Unfortunately for "hans at lintoo dot dk" there doesn't appear to have ever been $part['parameters.name'] or a $part['dparameters.filename']

So it would appear the corrected code for his function is

<?php
            $part
["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
           
$part["encoding"] = ENCBASE64;
           
$part["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
           
$part["description"] = $file_name;
           
$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
           
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename' => $file_name);
           
$part['type.parameters'] = array('name' => $file_name);
           
$part["contents.data"] = base64_encode(fread($file_handle,$file_size));
?>
While this correctly sets the header

Content-Type: application/octet-stream; name="file_name"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: BASE64
Content-Description: file_name
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="file_name"

But this is still not a good idea to blanket set every attachment as a application/octet-stream so please consider using the unix command file, or Fileinfo functions (or even trusting file upload mimetype) and pay attention to the code from "derf dot m at reseaunix dot net"
up
0
trionon at mail dot ru
18 years ago
At least the following items in $part[] hashes are parsed:

type
encoding
charset
subtype
id
description
disposition.type
disposition
contents.data
lines
bytes
md5

Note: $part['disposition'] is a hash:

$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename'=>'file.txt');

This will transform in such part header:

Content-disposition: attachment; filename="file.txt"
up
-1
coxsterdillon at hotmail dot com
7 years ago
So following on from their example, once you've composed your email with attachment or whatever, you'll probably want to send it.

since imap_mail(...) takes the message as body and re-encodes it, ignoring all the hard work you've done already.

Only real solution I found is to post it yourself:

// open connect to mail server
$socket=socket_create(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,SOL_TCP);
if ($socket===false) {
    die('Error: socket_create, '.socket_strerror(socket_last_error()));
}

$server="myserver.com"; // say 10.0.0.1 or whatever your mail sever is
$port=25;  // again your mail server port, here generic smtp
if (socket_connect($socket,$server,$port)) {
    print "Connection successful\n";
}else {
    die('Error: socket_connect, '.socket_strerror(socket_last_error()));
}

// send it...
socket_write($socket,"HELO {$envelope["from"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"MAIL FROM: {$envelope["from"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"RCPT TO: {$envelope["to"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"DATA\n");
socket_write($socket,"$message\n");
socket_write($socket,".\n");
socket_write($socket,"QUIT\n");

// done...
socket_close($socket);

Ofcourse the shell may work for you?

echo "Hello World" | mail -s "Greeting..." -a "attachSomeFile.txt" gspot@gmail.com
up
-2
hans at lintoo dot dk
15 years ago
Here is a little something for attaching files... This is already documented in the manual, but my solution involves some changes. This is based on testing and suggestions from others notes on this page.
<?php
//snip
if (count($_FILES) > 0) {
   
$multipart["type"] = TYPEMULTIPART;
   
$multipart["subtype"] = "mixed";
   
$body[] = $multipart; //add multipart stuff
}
//snip
$uploaddir = ini_get("upload_tmp_dir"); //Get tmp upload dir from PHP.ini
foreach ($_FILES as $fieldName => $file) {
    for (
$i=0;$i < count($file['tmp_name']);$i++) {
        if (
is_uploaded_file($file['tmp_name'][$i])) {
           
$file_handle = fopen($file["tmp_name"][$i], "rb");
           
$file_name = $file["name"][$i];
           
$file_size = filesize($file["tmp_name"][$i]);
           
           
$part["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
           
$part["encoding"] = ENCBASE64;
           
$part["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
           
$part["description"] = $file_name;
           
$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
           
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename' => $file_name);
           
$part['dparameters.filename'] = $file_name;
           
$part['parameters.name'] = $file_name;
           
$part["contents.data"] = base64_encode(fread($file_handle,$file_size));
           
           
$body[] = $part;
           
unlink($file["tmp_name"][$i]);
        }
    }
}
//snip
?>
hope someone can use this...
Regards, Hans @ http://lintoo.dk/
up
-2
hans at lintoo dot dk
15 years ago
I got a lot of problems with attachments (multipart emails) and the fix directly below this note.
instead just include it in the optional headers argument as previously suggested:

<?php
$mail
= str_replace("\r","",imap_mail_compose($envelope, $body));
imap_mail($_POST["to"],$_POST["subject"],'',$mail);
?>
"Nothing like a fix on a fix".

If you want to copy the message to ie: a sent folder do:
<?php
//take note of the link: $this->mbox, and the constant: self::$imapStream
$envelope["to"]  = $_POST["to"]; //included with imap_mail
$envelope["subject"]  = $_POST["subject"]; //included with imap_mail
$mail = imap_mail_compose($envelope, $body); //note no problems with \r
imap_append($this->mbox,self::$imapStream."INBOX.Sent",$mail ,"\\Seen");
?>
See imap_append for more info.... Enjoy!
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