openssl_spki_verify

(PHP 5 >= 5.6.0, PHP 7)

openssl_spki_verify署名済みの公開鍵とチャレンジを検証する

説明

openssl_spki_verify ( string &$spkac ) : string

与えられた公開鍵とチャレンジを検証します。

パラメータ

spkac

有効な署名済みの公開鍵とチャレンジ

返り値

成功時には true, 失敗時には false を返します

エラー / 例外

不正な引数が spkac に渡された場合、 E_WARNING レベルのエラーが発生します。

例1 openssl_spki_verify() の例

既存の署名済み公開鍵とチャレンジを検証します。

<?php
$pkey 
openssl_pkey_new('secret password');
$spkac openssl_spki_new($pkey'challenge string');

if (
openssl_spki_verify(preg_replace('/SPKAC=/'''$spkac))) {
    echo 
$spkac;
} else {
    echo 
"SPKAC validation failed";
}
?>

例2 <keygen> から openssl_spki_verify() を使う例

<keygen> 要素から発行された、既存の署名済み公開鍵とチャレンジを検証します。

<?php
if (openssl_spki_verify(preg_replace('/SPKAC=/'''$_POST['spkac']))) {
    echo 
$spkac;
} else {
    echo 
"SPKAC validation failed";
}
?>
<keygen name="spkac" challenge="challenge string" keytype="RSA">

参考

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
3
carloshlfzanon at gmail dot com
3 years ago
This openssl_spki_* funcs are very usefull to use with <keygen/> tag in html5.

Example:

<?php
session_start
();

// form submitted... (?)
if(isset($_POST['security']))
{
   
// If true, the send from <keygen/> is valid and you can
    // test the challenge too
   
if(openssl_spki_verify($_POST['security']))
    {
       
// Gets challenge string
       
$challenge = openssl_spki_export_challenge($_POST['security']);

       
// If true... you are not trying to trick it.
        // If user open 2 windows to prevent data lost from a "mistake" or him just press "back" button
        //  and re-send last data... you can handle it using something like it.
       
if($challenge == $_SESSION['lastForm'])
        {
            echo
'Ok, this one is valid.', '<br><br>';
        }
        else
        {
            echo
'Nice try... nice try...', '<br><br>';
        }
    }

}

// If you open two window, the challenge won't match!
$_SESSION['lastForm'] = hash('md5', microtime(true));

?>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<form action="/index.php" method="post">
  Encryption: <keygen name="security" keytype="rsa" challenge="<?php echo $_SESSION['lastForm']; ?>"/>
  <input type="submit">
</form>

</body>
</html>
up
0
neat at neato dot com
10 days ago
The challenge is not how to very a "trick". It is used as a partial non-repudiation method.

The idea was the challenge could be extracted from the base64 encoded ASN.1 PKCS#1 bits provided from the 'keygen' element.

The SPKAC is a form of CSR which if the right about of information such as the commonName, emailAddress, countryName, stateOrProvinceName, localityName et al., a signed x509 could generated and provided to the requestor.

This would then be installed in the browser and if the webserver was configured to accept client x509 certificates, it would be used in lieu of a password for authentication.

A recommendation was to use the 'challenge' as a form of non-repudiation in the event someone else was on your keyboard. If the application required it could prompt you for the challenge and compare it to a hashed version it stored upon the initial SPKAC process.

Hope that helps clear it up.
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