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sscanfРазбирает строку в соответствии с заданным форматом


sscanf(string $string, string $format, mixed &...$vars): array|int|null

Функция sscanf() похожа на функцию printf(), но используется не для вывода, а для ввода данных. sscanf() интерпретирует строку string в соответствии с форматом format, указанным в документации к функции sprintf().

Любые пробельные символы в строке формата соответствуют любым пробельным символам во входной строке. Это значит, что, например, символ табуляции \t в строке формата соответствует символу пробела во входной строке.

Список параметров


Обрабатываемая строка (string).


Формат, в соответствии с которым будет интерпретирована строка string, описанный в документации к функции sprintf() со следующими отличиями:

  • На функцию не влияют настройки локали.
  • F, g, G и b не поддерживаются.
  • D обозначает десятичное число.
  • i обозначает целое число с автоматическим определением системы счисления.
  • n обозначает обработанное количество символов на данный момент.
  • s обозначает остановить чтение на любом пробельном символе.


Необязательные переменные, передаваемые по ссылке, которым будут присвоены считанные значения.

Возвращаемые значения

Если переданы только эти два аргумента, будет возвращён массив. В противном случае, считанные из строки значения будут присвоены переменным, переданным через дополнительные аргументы, и будет возвращено количество присвоенных значений. Дополнительные аргументы должны передаваться по ссылке.

Если ожидается больше подстрок в параметре format, чем доступно в параметре str, то будет возвращено значение null.


Пример #1 Пример использования sscanf()

// получаем серийный номер
list($serial) = sscanf("SN/2350001""SN/%d");
// и дату изготовления
$mandate "January 01 2000";
$month$day$year) = sscanf($mandate"%s %d %d");
"Узел $serial был изготовлен: $year-" substr($month03) . "-$day\n";

Если переданы необязательные аргументы, значения будут присвоены им, а возвращено будет количество присвоенных значений.

Пример #2 sscanf() - использование необязательных аргументов

// получить имя автора и сформировать запись в формате DocBook
$auth "24\tLewis Carroll";
$n sscanf($auth"%d\t%s %s"$id$first$last);
"<author id='$id'>

Смотрите также

  • printf() - Выводит отформатированную строку
  • sprintf() - Возвращает отформатированную строку
  • fprintf() - Записывает отформатированную строку в поток
  • vprintf() - Выводит отформатированную строку
  • vsprintf() - Возвращает отформатированную строку
  • vfprintf() - Записывает отформатированную строку в поток
  • fscanf() - Обрабатывает данные из файла в соответствии с форматом
  • number_format() - Форматирует число с разделением групп
  • date() - Форматирует вывод системной даты/времени

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User Contributed Notes 18 notes

jon at fuck dot org
19 years ago
this function is a great way to get integer rgb values from the html equivalent hex.

list($r, $g, $b) = sscanf('00ccff', '%2x%2x%2x');
elgabos at umail dot ucsb dot edu
19 years ago
After playing around with this for a while, I found that if you use %[^[]] instead of %s (since php has problems with spaces when using %s) it works nicely.

For those that aren't familiar with regular expressions, %[^[]] basically matches anything that isn't nothing.

Hope this helps. - Gabe
13 years ago
FYI - if you are trying to scan from a string which contains a filename with extension. For instance:


= sscanf('file_name.gif', 'file_%s.%s', $fpart1, $fpart2);


The scanned string in the $fpart1 parameter turns out to be 'name.gif' and $fpart2 will be NULL.

To get around this you can simply replace the "." with a space or another "white-space like" string sequence.

I didn't see any other comments on regarding string literals which contain a '.' so I thought I'd mention it. The subtle characteristics of having "white-space delimited" content I think can be a source of usage contention. Obviously, another way to go is regular expressions in this instance, but for newer users this may be helpful.

Just in case someone else spent 10 minutes of frustration like I did. This was seen on PHP Version 5.2.3-1ubuntu6.3.

Searching the bug reports shows another users misunderstanding:
16 years ago
The %[^[]]-trick may seem to work, but it doesn't!

What happens is that sscanf will simply match any characters but an opening square bracket (which is rather rare and that's why it might just seem to work).
But even worse it will expect a ]-character next and continue to match anything.

Now what you can do is make sscanf look for any character but a character that is really never used... a good choice is the linebreak "%[^\\n]", especially in combination with fscanf.

What you can also do is copy and paste any unused ascii character like #001 or something.
codeslinger at compsalot dot com
16 years ago
Security Note:

Although it is a very powerful technique, keep in mind that it is easily deceived.

Many successful exploits have been based on scanf attacks.  It should not be used on untrusted input without a lot of additional validation.
Vincent Jansen
16 years ago
If you just wants filter out information between two parts of a string, i used the following, it works better for me then the sscanf function.

function scanstr($zoekstr,$part1,$part2) {
$firstpos=strpos ($zoekstr, $part1)+strlen($part1);
$lastpos=strpos ($zoekstr, $part2);
$scanresult=substr ($zoekstr, $firstpos, $lastpos-$firstpos);
scanstr ("var1=hello&var2=test&var3=more","var2=","&var3");
15 years ago
To parse a line from an Apache access log in common format:

= array();
$n = sscanf(trim($line), '%s %s %s [%[^]]] "%s %s %[^"]" %d %s "%[^"]" "%[^"]"',
13 years ago


= sscanf('file_name.gif', 'file_%[^.].%s', $fpart1, $fpart2);

'<hr />';




The "^." part avoid the first searched string to be too greedy. But doesn't protect you against an "" input, with bad results!
15 years ago
I've seen several examples of people using brackets to define what look like regexp character classes. In my limited testing I don't think they are genuine character classes but they seem to be similar.

My task was to use sscanf() to parse an array of strings with the format:

number SPACE string_which_may_also_have_spaces

The normal %s conversion command treats spaces as some kind of delimiter. So, you can get the strings if you know beforehand how many "words" there will be. But, my input was variable.

Here's what I came up with: (note use of the dollar-sign 'end of string' hidden delimiter)

sscanf($string_to_parse,'%d %[^$]s',$num,$text);

This conversion command says "look for an integer, then a space, then any string up to the end of the string"
9 years ago
One thing to note: unlike C/C++, a variable %n is assigned to will be counted in the return value.
1 year ago
It should also be noted that when used with sscanf both x and X produce the same output (i.e. they are case-insensitive).

(sscanf("0xdead|0XDEAD", "%X|%x")); // works
narainsbrain at yahoo dot com
19 years ago
apparently, sscanf always splits at spaces, even if spaces are not specified in the format. consider this script:

= "This is a\tsentence with\ttabs";
$scanned = sscanf($str, "%s\t%s\t%s");
join(" : ", $scanned);

this echoes "This : is : a", not the expected "This is a : sentence with : tabs."
this behaviour is fine if your strings don't contain spaces, but if they do you'd be better off using explode().
16 years ago
added country code (1) to phone number function:

function formatPhone($phone) {
       if (empty($phone)) return "";
       if (strlen($phone) == 7)
               sscanf($phone, "%3s%4s", $prefix, $exchange);
       else if (strlen($phone) == 10)
               sscanf($phone, "%3s%3s%4s", $area, $prefix, $exchange);
       else if (strlen($phone) > 10)
               if(substr($phone,0,1)=='1') {
                                 sscanf($phone, "%1s%3s%3s%4s", $country, $area, $prefix, $exchange);
                                 sscanf($phone, "%3s%3s%4s%s", $area, $prefix, $exchange, $extension);
               return "unknown phone format: $phone";
       $out = "";
       $out .= isset($country) ? $country.' ' : '';
       $out .= isset($area) ? '(' . $area . ') ' : '';
       $out .= $prefix . '-' . $exchange;
       $out .= isset($extension) ? ' x' . $extension : '';
       return $out;
clcollie at mindspring dot com
21 years ago
Actually sscanf()_always_ returns an array if you specify less return variables than format specifiers. i may change this to return a scalar if only a single format specifier exists.
  Note that sscanf() is (almost) the complete functional equivalent of its "C" counterpart, so you can do the following to get the expected effect :


The array return was a nicety for PHP.
18 years ago
More fun with phones!  This assumes that the phone number is 10 digits, with only numeric data, but it would be easy to check the length of the string first.

function formatPhone($phone) {
        if (empty($phone)) return "";
        sscanf($phone, "%3d%3d%4d", $area, $prefix, $exchange);
        $out = @$area ? "($area) " : "";
        $out .= $prefix . '-' . $exchange;
        return $out;
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
18 years ago
In PHP >= 4.3.0, if you use additional reference parameters, you will get this warning:

PHP Warning:  Call-time pass-by-reference has been deprecated - argument passed by value

This clearly has the potential to cause unexpected consequences (vars left empty), and will break existing code. So don't do it! These docs need updating to say this too.

The syntax:

    list($a, $b) = sscanf("hello world", "%s %s");

will work as expected, and doesn't seem to cause any problems with Apache that I've noticed.
nmmm at nmmm dot nu
9 years ago
This is more like C/C++ example, but works on PHP too.

= "index.php?id=34&name=john";

print_r(   sscanf($qs, "%[^?]?%[^?]")   );

$qs = "id=34&name=john";

print_r(   sscanf($qs, "id=%[^&]&name=%[^&]")   );
Igor Feghali
12 years ago
parses an input string with fixed field sizes that contains data with spaces:

= sscanf("  Vendor: My Vendo Model: Super Model Foo  Rev: 1234"
'  Vendor: %8[ -~] Model: %16[ -~] Rev: %4c',
$vendor, $model, $rev);

$vendor => My Vendo
$model => Super Model Foo
$rev => 1234
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