PHP Velho Oeste 2024


(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

pg_copy_from Fügt Datensätze aus einem Array in eine Tabelle ein


    PgSql\Connection $connection,
    string $table_name,
    array $rows,
    string $separator = "\t",
    string $null_as = "\\\\N"
): bool

pg_copy_from() fügt Datensätze aus einem Array in eine Tabelle ein. Intern wird der COPY-Befehl aufgerufen, um die Datensätze einzufügen. Bei Erfolg gibt die Funktion true zurück, false sonst.



Eine PgSql\Connection-Instanz.


Name der Tabelle, in die die rows eingefügt werden.


Ein array mit Werten, die in die table_name eingefügt werden. Jedes Element von rows wird zu einer Zeile in table_name. Die Elemente in rows müssen Strings mit Feldbegrenzern sein, und mit einem Zeilenvorschub abgeschlossen sein.


Der Feldbegrenzer, mit dem die Werte in den Elementen von rows separiert werden. Der Vorgabewert ist \t.


Bestimmt, wie SQL NULL Werte in rows dargestellt werden. Der Standardwert ist \\N ("\\\\N").


Gibt bei Erfolg true zurück. Bei einem Fehler wird false zurückgegeben.


Version Beschreibung
8.1.0 Der Parameter connection erwartet nun eine PgSql\Connection-Instanz; vorher wurde eine Ressource erwartet.


Beispiel #1 pg_copy_from() Beispiel

= pg_connect("dbname=publisher") or die("Konnte keine Verbindung aufbauen");

$rows = pg_copy_to($db, $table_name);

pg_query($db, "DELETE FROM $table_name");

pg_copy_from($db, $table_name, $rows);

Siehe auch

add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

karlo dot petravic at hotmail dot com
4 years ago
As table name you can also specify columns you want imported.

Will import all columns:
($db, 'cpm.ics', $rows);

Will import only specified columns:
($db, 'cpm.ics (type, product, date, count, amount)', $rows);
Rainer Perske
1 year ago
To solve the problem of how many backslashes to use for the parameters $separator and $null_as: The backslashes are interpreted twice, first by PHP and then by PostgreSQL. So write four backslashes to indicate one backslash in the input data. So both '\\\\N' and as "\\\\N" become NULL AS E'\\N' meaning the same as NULL AS '\N' in the internally used SQL statement.

The loaded input data must be backslash-escaped. According to the PostgreSQL documentation, you can use the following escape sequences:

\\ = Backslash (ASCII 92)
\b = Backspace (ASCII 8)
\t = Tab (ASCII 9)
\n = Newline (ASCII 10)
\v = Vertical tab (ASCII 11)
\f = Form feed (ASCII 12)
\r = Carriage return (ASCII 13)
\000 (Backslash followed by one to three octal digits) = the byte with that numeric code
\x00 (Backslash x followed by one or two hex digits) = the byte with that numeric code

With the default setting, a data field containing only \N (one non-escaped backslash and an N) indicates a NULL value. This default value \N has been chosen because it does not collide with properly encoded data.
smcbride at msn dot com
3 years ago
When using this function, don't get bit by the double quote (") vs. single quote (') differences. It is a small thing, but the error messaging is misleading. If you use a single quote, you will see the \t separated values all try to be inserted into the first field.

Small consideration, but will save someone who is working late and can't get these functions to work.
14 years ago
see also: pg_put_line for a solution that does not require buffering of all the data to be copied,
10 years ago
Default is "\\\N" not "\\N" at least in php 5.4

pg_copy_from($db, $table_name, "\t", "\\\N")
vlad at php dot net
20 years ago
By default NULL values are a backslash followed with capital N ("\\N").

Also, you can't insert entries with OIDs (I've added it to my TODO list though)
12 years ago
As of postgresql 9.1 "standard_conforming_strings" is set to on

This will not work anymore
= "1\t\\N\t300";
pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message);
result will be a "N" in that field. if the field allow text that is else it will fail to insert the post.

simple fix
= "1\t\\NULL\t300";
pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message, "\t","\\NULL");
kapouer_php at melix dot org
16 years ago
pg syntax is :
COPY test (cola, colb, colc) FROM stdin;

this function doesn't let you in which order the columns are !
carl at
21 years ago
Something needs to be said about the format of the array.
Judging by what I've seen, it's pretty much what you get
from loading a tab-separated file with file(). That is, the
lines are linefeed-terminated and there's no need to have
an extra line with "\.". On the other hand, when I try using this
command the connection to the server ends up in some odd
state and is then lost:
PHP Warning: U?S?o() query failed: server closed the connection unexpectedly

I think it might be safer to use the lower-level function
pg_put_line() for now.
13 years ago
Fix for "Copy command failed: ERROR: literal carriage return
found in data" or
"Copy command failed: ERROR: missing data for column
"message" CONTEXT: COPY message, line 1:"

= "HEJ\rHEJ\nHEJ\r\nHEJ\n\rHEJ\tHELLO\\";

$message = addslashes($message);

$message = str_replace(

$copy_message = "1\t". $message ."\t300";

pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message);
To Top