php[world] 2019 — 25 years of PHP


(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)



imagefilltoborder ( resource $image , int $x , int $y , int $border , int $color ) : bool

imagefilltoborder()は、 borderで指定した色を境界色として塗りつぶし を行います。(x,y)が 塗りつぶしの始点(左上が0, 0)で、領域内を color色で塗りつぶします。



imagecreatetruecolor() のような画像作成関数が返す画像リソース。


開始位置の x 座標。


開始位置の y 座標。


境界色。imagecolorallocate() で作成された色識別子。


塗りつぶし色。imagecolorallocate() で作成された色識別子。


成功した場合に TRUE を、失敗した場合に FALSE を返します。

例1 楕円の塗りつぶし

// 画像ハンドルを作成し、背景を白に設定します
$im imagecreatetruecolor(100100);

// 黒い線で楕円を描画します

// 枠線と塗りつぶしの色を設定します
$border imagecolorallocate($im000);
$fill imagecolorallocate($im25500);

// 選択した部分を塗りつぶします

// 出力し、メモリを開放します
header('Content-type: image/png');

上の例の出力は、 たとえば以下のようになります。

出力例 : 楕円の塗りつぶし

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

edrad at wanadoo dot fr
16 years ago
Very useful to build a pseudo-sphere with a color gradient...

= 300;
$center = $width / 2;
$colordivs = 255 / $center;
$im = @imagecreate($width, $width);
$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 20, 30, 40);
imagefill($im, 0, 0, $back_color);
for (
$i = 0; $i <= $center; $i++)
$diametre = $width - 2 * $i;
$el_color = imagecolorallocate($im, $i * $colordivs, 0, 0);
imagearc($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, 0, 360, $el_color);
imagefilltoborder($im, $center, $center, $el_color, $el_color);

Dark Skull Software
php at corzoogle dot com
14 years ago
pritm (.a.t.) mail (.d.0.t.) ru, your jpg black areas aren't entirely black, look *real* closely at it! so the fill will "seep through". the solution is simple, use a lossless background image format. replace this line..

$im = imagecreatefrompng ('map-back.png');

try it with this version of your image..
(the colours may be slightly different, just a quick conversion in my regular image viewer)

as you can see, it works perfectly..

admin at worldlanguages dot tk
14 years ago
In the example below, for those with newer GD versions, it makes more sense to replace:

imagearc($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, 0, 360, $el_color);


imageellipse($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, $el_color);

This is obviously simpler.
Henrik Nyh
14 years ago
Reply to pritm (.a.t.) mail (.d.0.t.) ru below.

I had a similar problem and solved it thus:

I had to reduce the number of colors on the image I was using. It appeared to be a black and white map, but contained about 50 shades of almost black and almost white. I reduced this to two colors only (also going from JPG to GIF) so that the borders as well as the areas to be filled each were of a consistent shade.

Additionally, it did not work when I specified border colors as black (0,0,0), even though they seem to be of this exact shade in the map file. Instead, I used ImageColorAt() to pick the border color, and now everything seems to work.

In action:



= "europe.gif";

$img = ImageCreateFromGIF($map);

// Colors
$border = ImageColorAt ($img, 416, 111);  // Get color of borders - apparently (0,0,0) won't work
$red = ImageColorAllocate($img, 255, 0, 0);
$green = ImageColorAllocate($img, 0, 255, 0);

// Fill
ImageFillToBorder($img, 440, 100, $border, $red);  // Sweden
ImageFillToBorder($img, 250, 290, $border, $green);  // Great Britain

// Output image as PNG
header("Content-type: image/png");
ImageDestroy($img);  // Free memoryu

sbuchanan at datadiver dot net
14 years ago
edrad's pseudo-sphere is pretty nice, but a few tweeks really improve it.  (writing out the image header so a browser actually understands it and calling imagedestroy() so we clean up memory are nice things to do, too).  Try drawing it at twice the size and then resampling it down.  Takes more CPU, but it forces antialiasing, creating a smooth arc.  Also, render it at diameter = (width - 1) * 2.  Taking one pixel off the outside keeps it off the image edge, eliminating those ugly flat spots.  Render it on white first so you can really see the edge, then switch back to the cool grey...

Oh, and use imagecreatetruecolor instead of imagecreate if you have it available.

I agree that imageellipse is easier, though.  Actually, I generate rounded corners with drop-shadows for CSS with imagefilledarc (kind of a blend of the two)  Use imagefilledellipse if drawing the whole thing, use imagefilledarc if only drawing part of it (like a corner).  If you use the 'filled' functions you can skip imagefilltoborder altogether :P

Anyway, try this for a smoother image:


= 300;
$render_width = ($requested_width * 2) - 1; // -1 to back away from edge, removing flat spot
$center = $render_width / 2
$colordivs = 255 / $center;
$im_scratch = @imagecreate($render_width, $render_width);

//$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, 20, 30, 40);  // try it with white so you can really see the edge first..
$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, 255, 255, 255);

imagefill($im_scratch, 0, 0, $back_color);

  for (
$i = 0; $i <= $center; $i++) {
$diametre = $render_width - 2 * $i;
$el_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, $i * $colordivs, 0, 0);
imageellipse($im_scratch, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, $el_color);
imagefilltoborder($im_scratch, $center, $center, $el_color, $el_color);

// resample down, causes antialiasing, nice smooth curve!
$im = @imagecreatetruecolor($requested_width, $requested_width);
imagecopyresampled($im, $im_scratch, 0, 0, 0, 0, $requested_width, $requested_width, $render_width, $render_width);

header ("Content-type: image/png");

ecofarm at mullum dot com dot au
18 years ago
Great for getting that rounded button look we see a lot of at ... try this sample. (remember to change png to whatever image format your version of php supports)


("Content-type: image/png");

///// create canvas  /////

$im = ImageCreate (80, 25);

//define colors.. first color declared is set as background

$blue  = ImageColorAllocate ($im, 0, 0, 255);
$white  = ImageColorAllocate ($im, 255, 255, 255);

// draw semi-circle arcs at each end

ImageArc($im, 12, 12, 23, 26, 90, 270, $white);
ImageArc($im, 67, 12, 23, 26, 270, 90, $white);

// fill ends outside arcs with color

ImageFillToBorder ($im, 0, 0, $white, $white);
ImageFillToBorder ($im, 79, 0, $white, $white);

// create the image

ImagePng ($im);

// destroy the image to free memory

ImageDestroy ($im);
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