PHP 8.1.0 RC 4 available for testing

implode

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

implodeVerbindet Array-Elemente zu einem String

Beschreibung

implode(string $separator, array $array): string

Alternative Signatur (wird bei benannten Argumenten nicht unterstützt):

implode(array $array): string

Alte Signatur (veraltet ab PHP 7.4.0, entfernt ab PHP 8.0.0):

implode(array $array, string $separator): string

Verbindet die Elemente eines Array mittels separator zu einer Zeichenkette.

Parameter-Liste

separator

Standardmäßig eine leere Zeichenkette.

array

Das Array mit den zusammenzufügenden Zeichenketten.

Rückgabewerte

Gibt einen String mit einer String-Repräsentation aller Array-Elemente in der gleichen Reihenfolge wie im Array zurück, bei dem die einzelnen Array-Elemente mit dem im Parameter separator angegebenen String verbunden werden.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
8.0.0 Die Übergabe des separators nach dem array wird nicht mehr unterstützt.
7.4.0 Das Übergeben des separators nach dem array (d.h. nicht die dokumentierte Reihenfolge der Parameter zu verwenden) wurde missbilligt.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 implode()-Beispiel

<?php

$array 
= array('lastname''email''phone');
$comma_separated implode(","$array);

echo 
$comma_separated// lastname,email,phone

// Leere Zeichenkette wenn leeres Array genutzt wird
var_dump(implode('hello', array())); // string(0) ""

?>

Anmerkungen

Hinweis: Diese Funktion ist binary-safe.

Siehe auch

  • explode() - Teilt eine Zeichenkette anhand einer Zeichenkette
  • preg_split() - Zerlegt eine Zeichenkette anhand eines regulären Ausdrucks
  • http_build_query() - Liefert einen URL-kodierten Query-String

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
333
houston_roadrunner at yahoo dot com
12 years ago
it should be noted that an array with one or no elements works fine. for example:

<?php
    $a1
= array("1","2","3");
   
$a2 = array("a");
   
$a3 = array();
   
    echo
"a1 is: '".implode("','",$a1)."'<br>";
    echo
"a2 is: '".implode("','",$a2)."'<br>";
    echo
"a3 is: '".implode("','",$a3)."'<br>";
?>

will produce:
===========
a1 is: '1','2','3'
a2 is: 'a'
a3 is: ''
up
67
ASchmidt at Anamera dot net
2 years ago
It's not obvious from the samples, if/how associative arrays are handled. The "implode" function acts on the array "values", disregarding any keys:

<?php
declare(strict_types=1);

$a = array( 'one','two','three' );
$b = array( '1st' => 'four', 'five', '3rd' => 'six' );

echo
implode( ',', $a ),'/', implode( ',', $b );
?>

outputs:
one,two,three/four,five,six
up
105
omar dot ajoue at kekanto dot com
8 years ago
Can also be used for building tags or complex lists, like the following:

<?php

$elements
= array('a', 'b', 'c');

echo
"<ul><li>" . implode("</li><li>", $elements) . "</li></ul>";

?>

This is just an example, you can create a lot more just finding the right glue! ;)
up
40
alexey dot klimko at gmail dot com
10 years ago
If you want to implode an array of booleans, you will get a strange result:
<?php
var_dump
(implode('',array(true, true, false, false, true)));
?>

Output:
string(3) "111"

TRUE became "1", FALSE became nothing.
up
18
Felix Rauch
5 years ago
It might be worthwhile noting that the array supplied to implode() can contain objects, provided the objects implement the __toString() method.

Example:
<?php

class Foo
{
    protected
$title;

    public function
__construct($title)
    {
       
$this->title = $title;
    }

    public function
__toString()
    {
        return
$this->title;
    }
}

$array = [
    new
Foo('foo'),
    new
Foo('bar'),
    new
Foo('qux')
];

echo
implode('; ', $array);
?>

will output:

foo; bar; qux
up
55
php.net {at} nr78 {dot} net
16 years ago
Also quite handy in INSERT statements:

<?php

  
// array containing data
  
$array = array(
     
"name" => "John",
     
"surname" => "Doe",
     
"email" => "j.doe@intelligence.gov"
  
);

  
// build query...
  
$sql  = "INSERT INTO table";

  
// implode keys of $array...
  
$sql .= " (`".implode("`, `", array_keys($array))."`)";

  
// implode values of $array...
  
$sql .= " VALUES ('".implode("', '", $array)."') ";

  
// execute query...
  
$result = mysql_query($sql) or die(mysql_error());

?>
up
4
Honk der Hase
1 year ago
If you want to implode an array as key-value pairs, this method comes in handy.
The third parameter is the symbol to be used between key and value.

<?php
function mapped_implode($glue, $array, $symbol = '=') {
    return
implode($glue, array_map(
            function(
$k, $v) use($symbol) {
                return
$k . $symbol . $v;
            },
           
array_keys($array),
           
array_values($array)
            )
        );
}

$arr = [
   
'x'=> 5,
   
'y'=> 7,
   
'z'=> 99,
   
'hello' => 'World',
   
7 => 'Foo',
];

echo
mapped_implode(', ', $arr, ' is ');

// output: x is 5, y is 7, z is 99, hello is World, 7 is Foo

?>
up
18
masterandujar
9 years ago
Even handier if you use the following:

<?php
$id_nums
= array(1,6,12,18,24);

$id_nums = implode(", ", $id_nums);
               
$sqlquery = "Select name,email,phone from usertable where user_id IN ($id_nums)";

// $sqlquery becomes "Select name,email,phone from usertable where user_id IN (1,6,12,18,24)"
?>

Be sure to escape/sanitize/use prepared statements if you get the ids from users.
up
21
Anonymous
8 years ago
It may be worth noting that if you accidentally call implode on a string rather than an array, you do NOT get your string back, you get NULL:
<?php
var_dump
(implode(':', 'xxxxx'));
?>
returns
NULL

This threw me for a little while.
up
1
Rafael Pereira
1 year ago
If you want to use a key inside array:

Example:
$arr=array(
array("id" => 1,"name" => "Test1"),
array("id" => 2,"name" => "Test2"),
);

echo implode_key(",",$arr, "name");
OUTPUT: Test1, Test2

function implode_key($glue, $arr, $key){
    $arr2=array();
    foreach($arr as $f){
        if(!isset($f[$key])) continue;
        $arr2[]=$f[$key];
    }
    return implode($glue, $arr2);
}
up
5
Anonymous
6 years ago
null values are imploded too. You can use array_filter() to sort out null values.

<?php
$ar
= array("hello", null, "world");
print(
implode(',', $ar)); // hello,,world
print(implode(',', array_filter($ar, function($v){ return $v !== null; }))); // hello,world
?>
up
2
biziclop
6 months ago
Sometimes it's necessary to add a string not just between the items, but before or after too, and proper handling of zero items is also needed.
In this case, simply prepending/appending the separator next to implode() is not enough, so I made this little helper function.

<?php

function wrap_implode( $array, $before = '', $after = '', $separator = '' ){
  if( !
$array )  return '';
  return
$before . implode("{$after}{$separator}{$before}", $array ) . $after;
}

echo
wrap_implode(['path','to','file.php'], '/');
// "/path/to/file.php"

$pattern = '#'. wrap_implode([4,2,2], '\d{', '}', '[-.]') .'#';
echo
$pattern, "\n"// #\d{4}[-.]\d{2}[-.]\d{2}#
echo preg_replace( $pattern, '[REDACTED]', 'The UFO appeared between 2012-12-24 and 2013.01.06 every night.');
// 'The UFO appeared between [REDACTED] and [REDACTED] every night.

echo wrap_implode(['line','by','line'], '<b>', '</b>', '<br>  ');
// <b>line</b><br>  <b>by</b><br>  <b>line</b>

echo wrap_implode( ['<a href="">Menu Item 1</a>', '<a href="">Menu Item 2</a>',],
 
"<li>", "</li>\n",
 
"<li> | </li>\n",
);
/*
<li><a href="">Link1</a></li>
<li> | </li>
<li><a href="">Link2</a></li>
*/

?>
up
-29
admin at lanlink dot net dot au
4 years ago
It is possible for an array to have numeric values, as well as string values. Implode will convert all numeric array elements to strings.

<?php
$test
=implode(["one",2,3,"four",5.67]);
echo
$test;
//outputs: "one23four5.67"
?>
up
-10
info at ensostudio dot ru
1 year ago
<?php
* Join pieces with a string recursively.
*
* @
param mixed $glue String between pairs(glue) or an array pair's glue and key/value glue or $pieces.
* @param iterable $pieces Pieces to implode (optional).
* @return string Joined string
*/
function double_implode($glue, iterable $pieces = null): string
{
    $glue2 = null;
    if ($pieces === null) {
        $pieces = $glue;
        $glue = '';
    } elseif (is_array($glue)) {
        list($glue, $glue2) = $glue;
    }
   
    $result = [];
    foreach ($pieces as $key => $value) {
        $result[] = $glue2 === null ? $value : $key . $glue2 . $value;
    }
    return implode($glue, $result);
}
?>
Examples:
<?php
$array = ['
a' => 1, 'b' => 2];
$str =  implode($array);
$str =  implode('
, ', $array);
$str =  implode(['" ', '="'], $array);

$iterator = new ArrayIterator($array);
$str =  implode($iterator);
$str =  implode('
, ', $iterator);
$str =  implode(['" ', '="'], $iterator);
?>
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