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(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

mb_strcutGet part of string


    string $string,
    int $start,
    ?int $length = null,
    ?string $encoding = null
): string

mb_strcut() extracts a substring from a string similarly to mb_substr(), but operates on bytes instead of characters. If the cut position happens to be between two bytes of a multi-byte character, the cut is performed starting from the first byte of that character. This is also the difference to the substr() function, which would simply cut the string between the bytes and thus result in a malformed byte sequence.



The string being cut.


If start is non-negative, the returned string will start at the start'th byte position in string, counting from zero. For instance, in the string 'abcdef', the byte at position 0 is 'a', the byte at position 2 is 'c', and so forth.

If start is negative, the returned string will start at the start'th byte counting back from the end of string. However, if the magnitude of a negative start is greater than the length of the string, the returned portion will start from the beginning of string.


Length in bytes. If omitted or NULL is passed, extract all bytes to the end of the string.

If length is negative, the returned string will end at the length'th byte counting back from the end of string. However, if the magnitude of a negative length is greater than the number of characters after the start position, an empty string will be returned.


The encoding parameter is the character encoding. If it is omitted or null, the internal character encoding value will be used.

Return Values

mb_strcut() returns the portion of string specified by the start and length parameters.


Version Description
8.0.0 encoding is nullable now.

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

David Juhasz
2 years ago
This was driving me crazy, because mb_strcut() kept returning an empty string. The $length parameter seems to have a max value of 2^32-1 (2147483647).

# output: Полуустав
echo mb_strcut('Полуустав', 0, pow(2,31)-1);

Doesn't work:
# nothing is output
echo mb_strcut('Полуустав', 0, pow(2,31));

My PHP_INT_MAX value is much larger than 2^32-1, so I'm not sure why larger values for $length don't work. :(

# output: 9223372036854775807
olivthill at gmail dot com
6 years ago
Here is an example with UTF8 characters, to see how the start and length arguments are working:

$str_utf8 = utf8_encode("Déjà_vu");
$str_utf8_0 = mb_strcut($str_utf8, 0, 4, "UTF-8"); // Déj
$str_utf8_1 = mb_strcut($str_utf8, 1, 4, "UTF-8"); // éj
$str_utf8_2 = mb_strcut($str_utf8, 2, 4, "UTF-8"); // éj
$str_utf8_3 = mb_strcut($str_utf8, 3, 4, "UTF-8"); // jà_
$str_utf8_4 = mb_strcut($str_utf8, 4, 4, "UTF-8"); // à_v

The string includes two special charaters, "é" and "à" internally coded with two bytes.
Note that a multibyte character is removed rather than kept in half at the end of the output.
Note also that the result is the same for a cut 1,4 and a cut 2,4 with this string.
t dot starling at physics dot unimelb dot edu dot au
19 years ago
What the manual and the first commenter are trying to say is that mb_strcut uses byte offsets, as opposed to mb_substr which uses character offsets.

Both mb_strcut and mb_substr appear to treat negative and out-of-range offsets and lengths in the basically the same way as substr. An exception is that if start is too large, an empty string will be returned rather than FALSE. Testing indicates that mb_strcut first works out start and end byte offsets, then moves each offset left to the nearest character boundary.
oyag02 at yahoo dot co dot jp
20 years ago
diffrence between mb_substr and mb_substr

mb_strcut('I_ROHA', 1, 2) returns 'I_'. Treated as byte stream.
mb_substr('I_ROHA', 1, 2) returns 'ROHA' Treated as character stream.

# 'I_' 'RO' 'HA' means multi-byte character
php_engineer_bk at yahoo dot com
13 years ago
function cut_sense($matne_harf, $l_harf ,$return=1 ) {
if ( strlen($matne_harf) > $l_harf){
if ( function_exists('mb_strcut') ){
$matne_harf = mb_strcut ( $matne_harf, 0 , $l_harf , "UTF-8" );
$matne_harf =substr($matne_harf, 0, $l_harf);
if ( $return == 1){
return $text;
print $text;

Iranian php programmer (farhad zand +989383015266)
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