PHP 8.1.28 Released!

imageftbbox

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.7, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imageftbboxGive the bounding box of a text using fonts via freetype2

Beschreibung

imageftbbox(
    float $size,
    float $angle,
    string $font_filename,
    string $string,
    array $options = []
): array|false

This function calculates and returns the bounding box in pixels for a FreeType text.

Hinweis:

Prior to PHP 8.0.0, imageftbbox() was an extended variant of imagettfbbox() which additionally supported the options. As of PHP 8.0.0, imagettfbbox() is an alias of imageftbbox().

Parameter-Liste

size

Die Schriftgröße in Punkten.

angle

Angle in degrees in which string will be measured.

font_filename

The name of the TrueType font file (can be a URL). Depending on which version of the GD library that PHP is using, it may attempt to search for files that do not begin with a leading '/' by appending '.ttf' to the filename and searching along a library-defined font path.

string

The string to be measured.

options

Possible array indexes for options
Key Type Meaning
linespacing float Defines drawing linespacing

Rückgabewerte

imageftbbox() returns an array with 8 elements representing four points making the bounding box of the text:

0 lower left corner, X position
1 lower left corner, Y position
2 lower right corner, X position
3 lower right corner, Y position
4 upper right corner, X position
5 upper right corner, Y position
6 upper left corner, X position
7 upper left corner, Y position

The points are relative to the text regardless of the angle, so "upper left" means in the top left-hand corner seeing the text horizontally.

On failure, false is returned.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 imageftbbox() example

<?php
// Create a 300x150 image
$im = imagecreatetruecolor(300, 150);
$black = imagecolorallocate($im, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate($im, 255, 255, 255);

// Set the background to be white
imagefilledrectangle($im, 0, 0, 299, 299, $white);

// Path to our font file
$font = './arial.ttf';

// First we create our bounding box
$bbox = imageftbbox(10, 0, $font, 'The PHP Documentation Group');

// This is our cordinates for X and Y
$x = $bbox[0] + (imagesx($im) / 2) - ($bbox[4] / 2) - 5;
$y = $bbox[1] + (imagesy($im) / 2) - ($bbox[5] / 2) - 5;

imagefttext($im, 10, 0, $x, $y, $black, $font, 'The PHP Documentation Group');

// Output to browser
header('Content-Type: image/png');

imagepng($im);
imagedestroy($im);
?>

Anmerkungen

Hinweis: Diese Funktion ist nur verfügbar wenn PHP mit Freetype unterstützung (--with-freetype-dir=DIR) kompiliert wurde

Siehe auch

  • imagefttext() - Write text to the image using fonts using FreeType 2
  • imagettfbbox() - Ermittelt das umgebende Rechteck eines Textes, der eine TrueType-Schriftart verwendet
add a note

User Contributed Notes 8 notes

up
2
fernando
18 years ago
imagettfbbox() returns an array with 8 elements representing four points making the bounding box of the text:

0 lower left corner, X position
1 lower left corner, Y position
2 lower right corner, X position
3 lower right corner, Y position
4 upper right corner, X position
5 upper right corner, Y position
6 upper left corner, X position
7 upper left corner, Y position

The points are relative to the text regardless of the angle, so "upper left" means in the top left-hand corner seeing the text horizontally.
up
1
phpimageftbbox at juggernaut dot com dot au
21 years ago
This function can be used to generate right-aligned text. Just work out how wide the text image is and position it accordingly. Example:

$i_width = 200;
$i_height = 40;

$string = "Hello World!";
$pointsize = 10;
$fontfile = "/usr/local/lib/ttf/Helve.ttf";

$im = imagecreate($i_width, $i_height);
$black = imagecolorallocate ($im, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate ($im, 255, 255, 255);

$string_size = ImageFtBbox($pointsize, 0, $fontfile, $string, array("linespacing" => 1));
$s_width = $string_size[4];
$s_height = $string_size[5];

ImageFtText($im, $pointsize, 0, $i_width - $s_width - 1, 0 - $s_height, $white, $fontfile, $string, array("linespacing" => 1));

Header ("Content-type: image/png");
ImagePNG ($im);
ImageDestroy ($im);
up
1
sectionthirty1 at yahoo dot com
19 years ago
Here is a handy example I used to center "dynamic text" onto an image.

Ex. Say you want to center a clients IP Address onto a picture.

$ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];

$details = imageftbbox($fontsize, 0, $font, $ip, array("linespacing" => 1));

$xcoord = ($imgwidth - $details[4]) / 2; // this will return the x coordinate centered to your specific image. Make sure you set $imgwidth to the width of the image you are using.

imagettftext($image, $fontsize, 0, $xcoord, $ycoord, $fontcolor, $font, $ip);
up
0
theo v e -2
18 years ago
ah... the problem between imageftbbox() and imagefttext() lies in the mirroring of the y-axes.
Below you see, for a font-size 16 the boudingboxes of "b", "p" and "bp":
< b: w=9 h=15
b(0,-1)
b(9,-1)
b(9,-16)
b(0,-16)
< p: w=9 h=16
p(0,4)
p(9,4)
p(9,-12)
p(0,-12)
< bp: w=20 h=20
bp(0,4)
bp(20,4)
bp(20,-16)
bp(0,-16)
If drawing "bp" using imagefttext() at y=0, the the top of "bp" indeed is at y=-16, and the bottom of "bp" at y=4. (Plus or minus a pixel here and there, because at y=0 there actually is a vissible pixel.)
up
-1
pablocorezzola at gmail dot com
6 years ago
//EXAMPLE - Center text

function newText($im, $size, $angle= 0, $x, $y, $color, $font, $text,$align = "left",$border=false,$width=0,$height=0){

if($align == "center")
{
if ($border == true ){
imagerectangle($im, $x, $y, $x +$width, $y + $height, $color);
}
$bbox = imageftbbox($size, 0, $font, $text);

// Marcamos el ancho y alto
$s_width = $bbox[4];
$s_height = $bbox[5];

$y = $y + ($height-$s_height)/2;
$x = $x + ($width-$s_width)/2;

}

imagettftext($im, $size, $angle, $x, $y, $color, $font, $text);
}
up
-1
Johan
16 years ago
For alignment i used this method:

if($align == "center" || $align == "right")
{
$verticaltxtspace = $backwidth - (2 * $posx);
$spacepositions = imagettfbbox($size, $angle, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf", " ");
$spacepx = $spacepositions[4] - $spacepositions[0];

// Split text in lines
$lines = split("[\r][\n]", $text);
for($count = 0; $count < count($lines); $count++)
{
$textpositions = imagettfbbox($size, $angle, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf", $lines[$count]);
$textpx = $textpositions[2] - $textpositions[0];

if($align == "right")
{
$spaces = ($verticaltxtspace - $textpx) / $spacepx;
}
else if($align == "center")
{
$spaces = (($verticaltxtspace - $textpx)/2) / $spacepx;
}

// Add spaces
$line = $lines[$count];
for($i = 0; $i < $spaces; $i++)
{
$line = " " . $line;
}
$lines[$count] = $line;
}

// Create new text of lines
$text = "";
for($count = 0; $count < count($lines); $count++)
{
$text .= $lines[$count] . "\r\n";
}
}


// Draw the shadow text on de shadow
imagettftext($background, $size, $angle, $posx, $posy, $textcolor, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf", $text);
up
-2
ta at NOSPAM dot magicsquare dot info
21 years ago
i've found a work around for this situation

it seems that height is directly proportional to line spacing so you just have to apply the same factor to image height

for example :

$spacing = 0.7;
$params = array("linespacing" => $spacing);

$box = imageftbbox ($size, 0, $font, $text, $params);
$tw=$box[4]-$box[0]; //image width
$th=($box[1]-$box[5])*$spacing; //image height
up
-3
groomed at users dot sf dot net
19 years ago
ImageFTBBox returns a bounding box, not metrics, as some (most?) of the notes above seem to assume. The 8 values it returns specify the 4 corners of this bounding box. So to properly determine the width and height of a string you need to do:

$bbox = ImageFTBBox(...);
$width = abs($bbox[0]) + abs($bbox[2]); // distance from left to right
$height = abs($bbox[1]) + abs($bbox[5]); // distance from top to bottom
To Top