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pg_convert

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

pg_convert Convert associative array values into forms suitable for SQL statements

Açıklama

pg_convert(
    PgSql\Connection $connection,
    string $table_name,
    array $values,
    int $flags = 0
): array|false

pg_convert() checks and converts the values in values into suitable values for use in an SQL statement. Precondition for pg_convert() is the existence of a table table_name which has at least as many columns as values has elements. The fieldnames in table_name must match the indices in values and the corresponding datatypes must be compatible. Returns an array with the converted values on success, false otherwise.

Bilginize:

Boolean values are accepted and converted to PostgreSQL booleans. String representations of boolean values are also supported. null is converted to PostgreSQL NULL.

Değiştirgeler

connection

PostgreSQL veritabanı bağlantısı özkaynağı.

table_name

Name of the table against which to convert types.

values

Data to be converted.

flags

Any number of PGSQL_CONV_IGNORE_DEFAULT, PGSQL_CONV_FORCE_NULL or PGSQL_CONV_IGNORE_NOT_NULL, combined.

Dönen Değerler

An array of converted values, başarısızlık durumunda false döner.

Sürüm Bilgisi

Sürüm: Açıklama
8.1.0 The connection parameter expects an PgSql\Connection instance now; previously, a resource was expected.

Örnekler

Örnek 1 pg_convert() example

<?php 
  $dbconn 
pg_connect('dbname=foo');
  
  
$tmp = array(
      
'author' => 'Joe Thackery',
      
'year' => 2005,
      
'title' => 'My Life, by Joe Thackery'
  
);
  
  
$vals pg_convert($dbconn'authors'$tmp);
?>

Ayrıca Bakınız

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
2
Anonymous
17 years ago
The only options that I see are:

PGSQL_CONV_IGNORE_DEFAULT  - Do not use DEAFULT value by removing field from returned array
PGSQL_CONV_FORCE_NULL - Convert to NULL if string is null string
PGSQL_CONV_IGNORE_NOT_NULL  - Ignore NOT NULL constraints

These are constants, so don't quote them or anything.
up
1
gorhas at gmail dot com
7 years ago
There is a problem when using interval.
If in the array
"time_pause" => '00:30:00'
and time_pause is an interval
the insert fails
pg_insert(): '00:30:00' does not match with  '^(@?[ \t]+)?((([-+]?[ \t]+)?[0-9]+(\.[0-9]*)?[ ...
up
0
dharana at dharana dot net
18 years ago
I've found "options" possible values:

PG_CONV_CHECK - check only
PG_CONV_STRICT - raise warning for non fatal error
PG_CONV_QUOTE - add quote around values for vchar, text datetime.
PG_CONV_SLASH - add slashes if it needed.
PG_CONV_NULLCHK - check values are defined for NOT NULL fields.
PG_CONV_NO_DEFAULT - ignore default value even if value is empty string.
up
-1
VLroyrenn
3 years ago
Another thing that's not well documented is that (as of PHP 7.0/7.1) pg_convert doesn't like non-scalar types and will fail (but not throw just emit an E_WARNING and return false) if you pass it anything other than a string or a number, including an array or something like a DateTime. If you want to insert those types, you actually have to convert those yourself.

Also, somewhat surprisingly, $table_name is not compatible with the output of pg_​escape_​identifier, or seemingly any other kind of escaping.
up
-1
Hayley Watson
4 years ago
This will only apply the appropriate escaping and such appropriate for embedding the PHP value into an SQL statement.

It does (by default) check for nulls when the column is marked NOT NULL, and it will complain about trying to convert strings for an integer column (floats will be truncated).

Beyond the barest checking of syntax, however, it does NOT verify that the given value is a legitimate value for the column type.

<?php
// Assuming smallints.smallintis a smallint (-32768..32767) type column
foreach([-1234,
   
1234,
   
0,
   
32767,
    -
32768,
   
32768// bogus value for smallint type
   
45.8,   // gets truncated to 45
   
400000, // bogus value for smallint type
   
] as $smallint)
{
   
$tmp = ['smallint' => $smallint];
   
$vals = pg_convert($dbconn, 'smallints', ['smallint' => $smallint]);
    echo
$vals['"smallint"'],"\n"// Notice the column name is also made SQL-safe
}

// Assuming uuids.uuid is a UUID type column
foreach(['a0eebc99-9c0b-4ef8-bb6d-6bb9bd380a11',
   
'A0EEBC99-9C0B-4EF8-BB6D-6BB9BD380A11',
   
'a0eebc999c0b4ef8bb6d6bb9bd380a11',
   
'{a0eebc99-9c0b-4ef8-bb6d-6bb9bd380a11}',
   
'Invalid Not-a-UUID',
   
'{a0eebc99-9c0b4ef8-bb6d6bb9-bd380a11}',
   
'a0ee-bc99-9c0b-4ef8-bb6d-6bb9-bd38-0a11',
    ] as
$uuid)
{
   
$tmp = ['uuid' => $uuid];
   
$vals = pg_convert($dbconn, 'uuids', ['uuid' => $uuid]);
    echo
$vals['"uuid"'],"\n";
}

?>

All of the above data values will be "converted" - even the invalid ones - without complaint.
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