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ReflectionClass::getAttributes

(PHP 8)

ReflectionClass::getAttributesGets Attributes

Açıklama

public ReflectionClass::getAttributes(?string $name = null, int $flags = 0): array

Returns all attributes declared on this class as an array of ReflectionAttribute.

Bağımsız Değişkenler

name

Filter the results to include only ReflectionAttribute instances for attributes matching this class name.

flags

Flags for determining how to filter the results, if name is provided.

Default is 0 which will only return results for attributes that are of the class name.

The only other option available, is to use ReflectionAttribute::IS_INSTANCEOF, which will instead use instanceof for filtering.

Dönen Değerler

Array of attributes, as a ReflectionAttribute object.

Örnekler

Örnek 1 Basic usage

<?php
#[Attribute]
class
Fruit {
}

#[
Attribute]
class
Red {
}

#[
Fruit]
#[
Red]
class
Apple {
}

$class = new ReflectionClass('Apple');
$attributes = $class->getAttributes();
print_r(array_map(fn($attribute) => $attribute->getName(), $attributes));
?>

Yukarıdaki örneğin çıktısı:

Array
(
    [0] => Fruit
    [1] => Red
)

Örnek 2 Filtering results by class name

<?php
#[Attribute]
class
Fruit {
}

#[
Attribute]
class
Red {
}

#[
Fruit]
#[
Red]
class
Apple {
}

$class = new ReflectionClass('Apple');
$attributes = $class->getAttributes('Fruit');
print_r(array_map(fn($attribute) => $attribute->getName(), $attributes));
?>

Yukarıdaki örneğin çıktısı:

Array
(
    [0] => Fruit
)

Örnek 3 Filtering results by class name, with inheritance

<?php
interface Color {
}

#[
Attribute]
class
Fruit {
}

#[
Attribute]
class
Red implements Color {
}

#[
Fruit]
#[
Red]
class
Apple {
}

$class = new ReflectionClass('Apple');
$attributes = $class->getAttributes(Color::class, ReflectionAttribute::IS_INSTANCEOF);
print_r(array_map(fn($attribute) => $attribute->getName(), $attributes));
?>

Yukarıdaki örneğin çıktısı:

Array
(
    [0] => Red
)

add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
4
sandrenyl at gmail dot com
2 years ago
When using the method getAttributes() to fetch attributes based on a parent class, the proper flag constant is ReflectionAttribute::IS_INSTANCEOF (which equals 2 as mentionned by sergiolibe).

<?php
$reflectionClass
->getAttributes(SomeParentAttribute::class, ReflectionAttribute::IS_INSTANCEOF);
?>
up
3
sergiolibe at gmail dot com
2 years ago
When using getAttributes() with specific attribute class and flags, flag 0 will return just matching attributes with specified class, and 2 will return matching attributes with specified class and children of that class:
<?php
#[Attribute(\Attribute::TARGET_CLASS)]
class
SomeAttribute {}

#[
Attribute(\Attribute::TARGET_CLASS)]
class
ChildAttribute extends SomeAttribute {}

#[
SomeAttribute]
#[
SomeChildAttribute]
class
SomeClass {}

$rc = new ReflectionClass(SomeClass::class);

$r_atts = $rc->getAttributes(SomeAttribute::class, 0); // 0 is default, just given class
echo json_encode(array_map(fn(ReflectionAttribute $r_att) => $r_att->getName(), $r_atts)), PHP_EOL;

$r_atts = $rc->getAttributes(SomeAttribute::class, 2); // given class and children classes
echo json_encode(array_map(fn(ReflectionAttribute $r_att) => $r_att->getName(), $r_atts)), PHP_EOL;
?>

output:
["SomeAttribute"]
["SomeAttribute","ChildAttribute"]
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