imap_mail_compose

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imap_mail_composeZarfı ve gövdesi belirtilen MIME iletisini oluşturur

Açıklama

imap_mail_compose(array $zarf, array $gövdeler): string|false

Belirtilen zarf ve gövdeler bölümlerini kullanarak bir MIME iletisi oluşturur.

Değiştirgeler

zarf

Başlıkları içeren bir ilişkisel dizi. Geçerli anahtarlar: "remail", "return_path", "date", "from", "reply_to", "in_reply_to", "subject", "to", "cc", "bcc" ve "message_id". Bu anahtarlara ileti ile ilgili değerler atanır. Ek başlıklar ayarlamak için, bu başlıkların bir dizisini bekleyen "custom_headers" anahtarı desteklenir, ör. ["User-Agent: Posta İstemcim"].

gövdeler

Gövdeleri içeren bir ilişkisel dizi. İlk gövde, iletinin ana gövdesidir; yalnızca TYPEMULTIPART türünde ise, diğer gövdeler işlenir; bu gövdeler parçaların gövdelerini oluşturur.

Gövde dizisinin yapısı
Anahtar Tür Açıklama
type int MIME türü. TYPETEXT (öntanımlı), TYPEMULTIPART, TYPEMESSAGE, TYPEAPPLICATION, TYPEAUDIO, TYPEIMAGE, TYPEMODEL, TYPEOTHER sabitlerinden biri.
encoding int Content-Transfer-Encoding. ENC7BIT (öntanımlı), ENC8BIT, ENCBINARY, ENCBASE64, ENCQUOTEDPRINTABLE, ENCOTHER sabitlerinden biri.
charset string MIME türünün karakter kümesi.
type.parameters array Content-Type isim ve değerlerini içeren ilişkisel bir dizi.
subtype string MIME alt türü; TYPEIMAGE için 'jpeg' gibi.
id string Content-ID.
description string Content-Description.
disposition.type string Content-Disposition, örn. 'attachment'.
disposition array Content-Disposition isim ve değerlerini içeren ilişkisel bir dizi.
contents.data string İş yükü.
lines int Yüklü satır sayısı.
bytes int Yüklü bayt miktarı.
md5 string Yükün MD5 aşı.

Dönen Değerler

Dizge olarak MIME iletisi, başarısızlık durumunda false döner.

Örnekler

Örnek 1 - imap_mail_compose() örneği

<?php

$envelope
["from"]= "joe@example.com";
$envelope["to"]  = "foo@example.com";
$envelope["cc"]  = "bar@example.com";

$part1["type"] = TYPEMULTIPART;
$part1["subtype"] = "mixed";

$filename "/tmp/imap.c.gz";
$fp fopen($filename"r");
$contents fread($fpfilesize($filename));
fclose($fp);

$part2["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
$part2["encoding"] = ENCBINARY;
$part2["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
$part2["description"] = basename($filename);
$part2["contents.data"] = $contents;

$part3["type"] = TYPETEXT;
$part3["subtype"] = "plain";
$part3["description"] = "description3";
$part3["contents.data"] = "contents.data3\n\n\n\t";

$body[1] = $part1;
$body[2] = $part2;
$body[3] = $part3;

echo 
nl2br(imap_mail_compose($envelope$body));

?>

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
3
Los Olvidados
18 years ago
If you wish to send the output of this function, simply use it for the headers argument of imap_mail() or mail().  Keep in mind that those functions set the To: and Subject: headers, so including them in the envelope will create double entries.
up
3
thomas dot hebinck at digionline dot de
18 years ago
It is a good idea to set the date header:
$envelope['date']=date('r');
up
1
jvandeweghe at kipsu dot com
4 years ago
The custom_headers envelope documentation is misleading. Its not actually an "associative array", its a regular array of headers.

This is wrong:

<?php
$envelope
= [
   
//...
   
"custom_headers" => [
       
"X-SES-CONFIGURATION-SET" => "example",
       
"X-SES-MESSAGE-TAGS" => "emailType=example"
   
]
];
?>

This is right:

<?php
$envelope
= [
   
//...
   
"custom_headers" => [
       
"X-SES-CONFIGURATION-SET: example",
       
"X-SES-MESSAGE-TAGS: emailType=example"
   
]
];
?>
up
2
Guido
13 years ago
For some email clients its necessary first to start with the body text and end with the attachment(s). Otherwise all the parts end up in attachments, also the body text (took a while to find this).

So example #1 (above) should be switched over, like:

$body[1] = $part1;
$body[2] = $part3;
$body[3] = $part2;
up
2
prices at dflytech dot com
19 years ago
The documentation above does not mention that you can use the index ["charset"] to set the character set of the messsage part.

Example:

$part1["type"]= "TEXT";
$part1["subtype"]="PLAIN";
$part1["charset"] = "koi8-r";

to send a message in Russian-koi8.

Scott  =)
up
0
Freman
14 years ago
Since at least PHP 4.3 the $part[] hash can contain the $part['type.parameters'] which expects a hash.

Unfortunately for "hans at lintoo dot dk" there doesn't appear to have ever been $part['parameters.name'] or a $part['dparameters.filename']

So it would appear the corrected code for his function is

<?php
            $part
["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
           
$part["encoding"] = ENCBASE64;
           
$part["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
           
$part["description"] = $file_name;
           
$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
           
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename' => $file_name);
           
$part['type.parameters'] = array('name' => $file_name);
           
$part["contents.data"] = base64_encode(fread($file_handle,$file_size));
?>
While this correctly sets the header

Content-Type: application/octet-stream; name="file_name"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: BASE64
Content-Description: file_name
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="file_name"

But this is still not a good idea to blanket set every attachment as a application/octet-stream so please consider using the unix command file, or Fileinfo functions (or even trusting file upload mimetype) and pay attention to the code from "derf dot m at reseaunix dot net"
up
0
trionon at mail dot ru
19 years ago
At least the following items in $part[] hashes are parsed:

type
encoding
charset
subtype
id
description
disposition.type
disposition
contents.data
lines
bytes
md5

Note: $part['disposition'] is a hash:

$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename'=>'file.txt');

This will transform in such part header:

Content-disposition: attachment; filename="file.txt"
up
-1
coxsterdillon at hotmail dot com
8 years ago
So following on from their example, once you've composed your email with attachment or whatever, you'll probably want to send it.

since imap_mail(...) takes the message as body and re-encodes it, ignoring all the hard work you've done already.

Only real solution I found is to post it yourself:

// open connect to mail server
$socket=socket_create(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,SOL_TCP);
if ($socket===false) {
    die('Error: socket_create, '.socket_strerror(socket_last_error()));
}

$server="myserver.com"; // say 10.0.0.1 or whatever your mail sever is
$port=25;  // again your mail server port, here generic smtp
if (socket_connect($socket,$server,$port)) {
    print "Connection successful\n";
}else {
    die('Error: socket_connect, '.socket_strerror(socket_last_error()));
}

// send it...
socket_write($socket,"HELO {$envelope["from"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"MAIL FROM: {$envelope["from"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"RCPT TO: {$envelope["to"]}\n");
socket_write($socket,"DATA\n");
socket_write($socket,"$message\n");
socket_write($socket,".\n");
socket_write($socket,"QUIT\n");

// done...
socket_close($socket);

Ofcourse the shell may work for you?

echo "Hello World" | mail -s "Greeting..." -a "attachSomeFile.txt" gspot@gmail.com
up
-2
hans at lintoo dot dk
16 years ago
Here is a little something for attaching files... This is already documented in the manual, but my solution involves some changes. This is based on testing and suggestions from others notes on this page.
<?php
//snip
if (count($_FILES) > 0) {
   
$multipart["type"] = TYPEMULTIPART;
   
$multipart["subtype"] = "mixed";
   
$body[] = $multipart; //add multipart stuff
}
//snip
$uploaddir = ini_get("upload_tmp_dir"); //Get tmp upload dir from PHP.ini
foreach ($_FILES as $fieldName => $file) {
    for (
$i=0;$i < count($file['tmp_name']);$i++) {
        if (
is_uploaded_file($file['tmp_name'][$i])) {
           
$file_handle = fopen($file["tmp_name"][$i], "rb");
           
$file_name = $file["name"][$i];
           
$file_size = filesize($file["tmp_name"][$i]);
           
           
$part["type"] = TYPEAPPLICATION;
           
$part["encoding"] = ENCBASE64;
           
$part["subtype"] = "octet-stream";
           
$part["description"] = $file_name;
           
$part['disposition.type'] = 'attachment';
           
$part['disposition'] = array ('filename' => $file_name);
           
$part['dparameters.filename'] = $file_name;
           
$part['parameters.name'] = $file_name;
           
$part["contents.data"] = base64_encode(fread($file_handle,$file_size));
           
           
$body[] = $part;
           
unlink($file["tmp_name"][$i]);
        }
    }
}
//snip
?>
hope someone can use this...
Regards, Hans @ http://lintoo.dk/
up
-2
hans at lintoo dot dk
16 years ago
I got a lot of problems with attachments (multipart emails) and the fix directly below this note.
instead just include it in the optional headers argument as previously suggested:

<?php
$mail
= str_replace("\r","",imap_mail_compose($envelope, $body));
imap_mail($_POST["to"],$_POST["subject"],'',$mail);
?>
"Nothing like a fix on a fix".

If you want to copy the message to ie: a sent folder do:
<?php
//take note of the link: $this->mbox, and the constant: self::$imapStream
$envelope["to"]  = $_POST["to"]; //included with imap_mail
$envelope["subject"]  = $_POST["subject"]; //included with imap_mail
$mail = imap_mail_compose($envelope, $body); //note no problems with \r
imap_append($this->mbox,self::$imapStream."INBOX.Sent",$mail ,"\\Seen");
?>
See imap_append for more info.... Enjoy!
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