Longhorn PHP 2023 - Call for Papers


(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

tmpfileGeçici bir dosya oluşturur


tmpfile(): resource|false

Eşsiz bir isimle oku-yaz-ikil (w+b) kipinde geçici bir dosya oluşturur ve bu dosya için bir dosya tanıtıcısı döndürür.

Dosya (fclose() çağrılarak kapatıldığında tmpfile() tarafından döndürülen dosya tanıtıcısına herhangi bir atıf kalmadığı zaman) veya betik sonlandığında dosya otomatikman silinir.


Betik beklenmedik şekilde sonlanırsa geçici dosya silinebilir.

Bağımsız Değişkenler

Bu işlevin bağımsız değişkeni yoktur.

Dönen Değerler

Başarısızlık durumunda false aksi takdirde fopen() işlevinin yaptığı gibi yeni dosya için bir dosya tanıtıcısı ile döner.


Örnek 1 - tmpfile() örneği

= tmpfile();
fwrite($temp, "geçici dosyaya yazılıyor");
fseek($temp, 0);
fread($temp, 1024);
fclose($temp); // Dosyanın silinmesine sebep olur

Yukarıdaki örneğin çıktısı:

geçici dosyaya yazılıyor

Ayrıca Bakınız

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

5 years ago
To get the underlying file path of a tmpfile file pointer:

= tmpfile();
$path = stream_get_meta_data($file)['uri']; // eg: /tmp/phpFx0513a
chris [at] pureformsolutions [dot] com
17 years ago
I found this function useful when uploading a file through FTP. One of the files I was uploading was input from a textarea on the previous page, so really there was no "file" to upload, this solved the problem nicely:

# Upload setup.inc
$fSetup = tmpfile();
    if (!
ftp_fput($ftp,"inc/setup.inc",$fSetup,FTP_ASCII)) {
"<br /><i>Setup file NOT inserted</i><br /><br />";

The $setup variable is the contents of the textarea.

And I'm not sure if you need the fseek($temp,0); in there either, just leave it unless you know it doesn't effect it.
6 years ago
Since this function may not be working in some environments, here is a simple workaround:

function temporaryFile($name, $content)
            trim(sys_get_temp_dir(), DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR) .
            ltrim($name, DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR);

    file_put_contents($file, $content);

    register_shutdown_function(function() use($file) {

    return $file;
divinity76 at gmail dot com
3 years ago
at least on Windows 10 with php 7.3.7, and Debian Linux with php 7.4.2,

the mode is not (as the documentation states) 'w+' , it is 'w+b'

(an important distinction when working on Windows systems)
elm at gmail dot nospamplease dot com
3 years ago
To get tmpfile contents:
= tmpfile();
$tmpfile_path = stream_get_meta_data($tmpfile)['uri'];
// ... write to tmpfile ...
$tmpfile_content = file_get_contents($tmpfile_path);

Perhaps not the best way for production code, but good enough for logging or a quick var_dump() debug run.
oremanj at gmail dot com
16 years ago
No, the fseek() is necessary - after writing to the file, the file pointer (I'll use "file pointer" to refer to the current position in the file, the thing you change with fseek()) is at the end of the file, and reading at the end of the file gives you EOF right away, which manifests itself as an empty upload.

Where you might be getting confused is in some systems' requirement that one seek or flush between reading and writing the same file.  fflush() satisfies that prerequisite, but it doesn't do anything about the file pointer, and in this case the file pointer needs moving.

-- Josh
10 years ago
Beware that PHP's tmpfile is not an equivalent of unix' tmpfile.
PHP (at least v. 5.3.17/linux I'm using now) creates a file in /tmp with prefix "php", and deletes that file on fclose or script termination.
So, if you want to be sure that you don't leave garbage even in case of a fatal error, or killed process, you shouldn't rely on this function.
Use the classical method of deleting the file after creation:
= tempnam ('/tmp', 'some-prefix-');
if (
$f = fopen ($fn, 'w+');
unlink ($fn);  // even if fopen failed, because tempnam created the file
if ($f)
do_something_with_file_handle ($f);
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