International PHP Conference Munich 2021

imagecolorclosest

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imagecolorclosestBelirtilen rengin en yakın benzerinin indisini döndürür

Açıklama

imagecolorclosest(
    GdImage $görüntü,
    int $kırmızı,
    int $yeşil,
    int $mavi
): int

Bu işlev, bileşenleri belirtilen rengin en yakın benzerinin indisini döndürür.

İstenen renk ile paletteki renk arasındaki "mesafe" rengin bileşenlerinden oluşan üç boyutlu uzayda hesaplanır.

Görüntüyü bir dosyadan oluşturursanız sadece Görüntüde kullanılan renkler çözümlenir. Renklerin sadece bir palette bulunması durumunda bu çözümleme yapılmaz.

Değiştirgeler

görüntü

imagecreatetruecolor() gibi bir görüntü oluşturma işlevinden dönen bir GdImage nesnesi.

kırmızı

Kırmızı bileşenin değeri.

yeşil

Yeşil bileşenin değeri.

mavi

Mavi bileşenin değeri.

Renk bileşenlerinin değerleri onluk tabanda 0-255 aralığında, onaltılık tabanda 0x00-0xFF aralığında belirtilebilir.

Dönen Değerler

Paletteki en yakın rengin indisi döner.

Sürüm Bilgisi

Sürüm: Açıklama
8.0.0 görüntü değiştirgesinde artık bir GdImage nesnesi aktarmak gerekiyor; evvelce resource türünde bir değer gerekirdi.

Örnekler

Örnek 1 - Bir görüntüde renk aramak

<?php
// Bir görüntü açıp paletli görüntüye dönüştürelim
$im imagecreatefrompng('figures/imagecolorclosest.png');
imagetruecolortopalette($imfalse255);

// Aranacak renkler (RGB)
$colors = array(
    array(
254145154),
    array(
153145188),
    array(
15390145),
    array(
25513792)
);

// Renkleri bulmak için bir döngü kuralım.
// En yakın rengin indisini alıp o indisin rengini öğrenelim
foreach($colors as $id => $rgb)
{
    
$res imagecolorclosest($im$rgb[0], $rgb[1], $rgb[2]);
    
$res imagecolorsforindex($im$res);
    
$res "({$res['red']}{$res['green']}{$res['blue']}{$res['alpha']})";

    echo 
"#$id: Aranan ($rgb[0]$rgb[1]$rgb[2]$rgb[3]); En yakın $res.\n";
}

imagedestroy($im);
?>

Yukarıdaki örnek şuna benzer bir çıktı üretir:

#0: Aranan (254, 145, 154); En yakın (252, 150, 148).
#1: Aranan (153, 145, 188); En yakın (148, 150, 196).
#2: Aranan (153, 90, 145); En yakın (148, 90, 156).
#3: Aranan (255, 137, 92); En yakın (252, 150, 92).

Ayrıca Bakınız

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
4
info at codeworx dot ch
9 years ago
Here is a function that compares two HEX colors for similarity. This can be useful if you want to detect colors that are not different enough to see for the naked eye. It returns a bool: TRUE if the colors are similar to each other (within tolerance) or FALSE if they are different enough.
I tested a few colors and came up with a tolerance of 35 (rgb value - should be between 0 and 255) but you can change that tolerance by passing a third parameter to the function.

<?php
function compareColors ($col1, $col2, $tolerance=35) {
   
$col1Rgb = array(
       
"r" => hexdec(substr($col1, 0, 2)),
       
"g" => hexdec(substr($col1, 2, 2)),
       
"b" => hexdec(substr($col1, 4, 2))
    );
   
$col2Rgb = array(
       
"r" => hexdec(substr($col2, 0, 2)),
       
"g" => hexdec(substr($col2, 2, 2)),
       
"b" => hexdec(substr($col2, 4, 2))
    );
    return (
$col1Rgb['r'] >= $col2Rgb['r'] - $tolerance && $col1Rgb['r'] <= $col2Rgb['r'] + $tolerance) && ($col1Rgb['g'] >= $col2Rgb['g'] - $tolerance && $col1Rgb['g'] <= $col2Rgb['g'] + $tolerance) && ($col1Rgb['b'] >= $col2Rgb['b'] - $tolerance && $col1Rgb['b'] <= $col2Rgb['b'] + $tolerance);
}
?>
up
1
Hayley Watson
3 years ago
RGB space isn't the best choice for measuring the distance between two colours, since it ignores, for example, the fact that we count both dark green and light green as "green" (the RGB distance between #000000 and #7f7f7f is the same as the distance between #000000 and #5443c0 - a slightly darkened SlateBlue).

A better choice of colour space that conforms better to how colours are perceived is the so-called Lab space, which measures colours according to how light/dark, red/green, and yellow/blue they are. (There are still better models, but they come at the expense of increased computation.)

<?php

function warp1($c)
{
    if(
$c > 10.3148)
    {
        return
pow((561 + 40*$c)/10761, 2.4);
    }
    else
    {
        return
$c / 3294.6;
    }
}
function
warp2($c)
{
    if(
$c > 0.008856)
    {
        return
pow($c, 1/3);
    }
    else
    {
        return
7.787 * $c + 4/29;
    }
}
function
rgb2lab($rgb)
{
    [
$red, $green, $blue] = array_map('warp1', $rgb);

   
$x = warp2($red * 0.4339 + $green * 0.3762 + $blue * 0.1899);
   
$y = warp2($red * 0.2126 + $green * 0.7152 + $blue * 0.0722);
   
$z = warp2($red * 0.0178 + $green * 0.1098 + $blue * 0.8730);

   
$l = 116*$y - 16;
   
$a = 500 * ($x - $y);
   
$b = 200 * ($y - $z);
   
    return
array_map('intval', [$l, $a, $b]);
}

function
generate_palette_from_image($image)
{
   
$pal = [];
   
$width = imagesx($image);
   
$height = imagesy($image);
    for(
$x = 0; $x < $width; ++$x)
    {
        for(
$y = 0; $y < $height; ++$y)
        {
           
$pal[] = imagecolorat($image, $x, $y);
        }
    }
    return
array_map(function($col)use($image)
    {
       
$rgba = imagecolorsforindex($image, $col);
        return [
$rgba['red'], $rgba['green'], $rgba['blue']];
    },   
array_unique($pal));
}

function
closest_rgb_in_palette($rgb, $palette)
{
   
// Quick return when the exact
    // colour is in the palette.
   
if(($idx = array_search($rgb, $palette)) !== false)
    {
        return
$idx;
    }
    [
$tl, $ta, $tb] = rgb2lab($rgb);
   
$dists = array_map(function($plab)use($tl, $ta, $tb)
    {
        [
$pl, $pa, $pb] = $plab;
       
$dl = $pl - $tl;
       
$da = $pa - $ta;
       
$db = $pa - $tb;
        return
$dl * $dl + $da * $da + $db * $db;
    },
array_map('rgb2lab', $palette));
    return
array_search(min($dists), $dists);
}

function
closest_rgb_in_image($rgb, $image)
{
   
$palette = generate_palette_from_image($image);
    return
$palette[closest_rgb_in_palette($rgb, $palette)];
}

$lena = imagecreatefrompng('lena.png');
$red = closest_rgb_in_image([255,0,0],$lena);
echo
join(' ', $red);  // 228 71 82

?>

If you're going to be matching a lot of colours to a palette, you may want to precompute and reuse the Lab palette, instead of generating it fresh each time as done here.
up
-1
MagicalTux at FF dot st
15 years ago
A way to get each time an answer :

<?php
function imagegetcolor($im, $r, $g, $b) {
       
$c=imagecolorexact($im, $r, $g, $b);
        if (
$c!=-1) return $c;
       
$c=imagecolorallocate($im, $r, $g, $b);
        if (
$c!=-1) return $c;
        return
imagecolorclosest($im, $r, $g, $b);
}
?>

If the *exact* color is found in the image, it will be returned. If we don't have the exact color, we try to allocate it. If we can't allocate it, we return the closest color in the image.
up
-1
Vikrant Korde <vakorde at hotmail dot com>
17 years ago
This functuion is useful when you are dealing with previously present images like .png, .jpg, etc. You can use this function for writing a text on the image.

For me the function imagecolorallocate() was returning the -1 value. after lot of RnD and site search i found a function use of imagecolorclosest(). This solved my problem of writing the text on the image with customised color.

Actually previously it was writing on the image but the color was not distinct. It was using the same color as of that background image.

The following code segment was fine with me.

header ("Content-type: image/jpeg");
$im = imagecreatefromjpeg("BlankButton.jpg");
$white = imageColorClosest($im, 255,255,255);
// this is for TTF fonts
imagettftext ($im, 20, 0, 16, 30, $white, "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TTF/luximb.ttf", "Vikrant");

//this is for notmal font
imagestring($im, 4, 0,0,"Korde", $white);
imagejpeg($im,"",150);
imagedestroy ($im);
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